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В разделе представлена информация о докторских, кандидатских, магистерских и PhD диссертациях в области экономики, социологии и менеджмента, которые были защищены в России и за рубежом в последние годы. (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 17

Диссертации

Авторы:
АБВГДЕЖЗИЙКЛМНОПРСТУФХЦЧШЩЭЮЯ
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Названия:
АБВГДЕЖЗИЙКЛМНОПРСТУФХЦЧШЩЭЮЯ
A BC D E F GH I JKLM NOPQRST UV W XYZ
 

Опубликовано на портале: 05-04-2005
Luke A. Jr. Colavito
Организация: College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Virginia, 1997
In recent years the development community has pressured LDCs to privatize agro- industries. This pressure stems from poor public enterprise performance and an ideological shift. However, public enterprises mitigate market failures. The major objective of this study is to measure the impact of privatizing the Nepalese yak cheese industry. To achieve the objective, public and private behavior are determined. The impacts of privatization stem from changes in monopsony behavior and institutional constraints that differ between the public and private sectors.

The Dairy Development Corpor

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Опубликовано на портале: 05-04-2005
Leah Marquez Cuyno
Организация: College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Virginia, 1999
Concern about externalities associated with pesticide use in developing countries has motivated the development of integrated pest management (IPM) programs in these areas. In the Philippines, the IPM Collaborative Research Support Program (IPM CRSP) was established to specifically address the widespread misuse of pesticides in the rice-vegetable systems of Nueva Ecija, one of the major rice and onion producing regions in the country. IPM CRSP initiatives include research on the optimal use of pesticides, complementary weed control strategies, and alternative cultural and biological con
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-04-2005
Lefter S. Daku
Организация: College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Virginia, 2002
Concerns about the harmful effects of pesticides on the environment, human health, and wildlife have led to research and promotion of integrated pest management (IPM) strategies. Recently, an IPM program was introduced in the Albanian olive sector through the USAID-funded global IPM-CRSP project to develop improved olive IPM technologies. This study develops and applies a protocol for integrated economic impact assessment of olive pest management strategies designed by the IPM-CRSP project in Albania. The main components of the integrated approach for economic impact assessment of olive
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-04-2005
Robert Donald Dawson
Организация: College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
2003
Vertical integration has received much attention in the last 25 years and there are well-known theories that explain this behavior. However, the one common thread that runs through virtually all of this research is the assumption of private property rights. Very little attention has been paid to how firms behave when the property rights structure under which they operate changes. The commercial fishing industry is a prime example of an industry where property rights have shifted. Due to problems of over-fishing and over-capitalization, economists have championed the conversion of fisher
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Опубликовано на портале: 02-06-2004
Kevin C. Dhuyvetter
Организация: Department of Agricultural Economics
1999
Bridge forecasts of the information contained in the USDA Сattle on Feed (CO F) report (cattle on feed, placements, and marketings) from 36 private industry analysts and a composite forecast were evaluated to determine an appropriate proxy for anticipated information. The majority of forecasts were unbiased and nearly all were efficient. Unbiasedness and efficiency were rejected most often for marketings forecasts and least often for placements forecasts. The composite forecast was biased, but efficient for all variables forecasted. The composite forecast was generally superior to forec

Опубликовано на портале: 05-02-2004
Jerry Dunn
Организация: Department of Agricultural Economics
2002
Price variability for commodities, mounting machinery and input costs, shifting farm policy environment, and changes in the risk environment facing producers have all contributed to the need for improved understanding of risk management at the farm level. The objective of the current study is to use farm-level, cross-section data from the Kansas Farm Management Association record keeping system, to determine whether the variability of net farm income (NFI) and rate of return on equity (ROE) are significantly influenced by farm size, diversification, cost efficiency, debt management, and

Опубликовано на портале: 05-04-2005
James Katon Gray
Организация: College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Virginia, 2004
The Government of Senegal is attempting to liberalize the groundnut market. In the past, this market was highly regulated with government-set producer prices, groundnut oil processing mills owned by parastatals, and requirements that all groundnuts be sold to these quasi-governmental organizations. In recent years, these rules are being relaxed, and farmers are allowed to sell groundnuts on the open market. However, farmers continue to sell most of their groundnuts, as before, to the mills. This study attempts to shed light on the effects of this market liberalization. First, an attemp
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Capital Access in Rural Virginia [диссертация]
Опубликовано на портале: 05-04-2005
Zana Kruja
Организация: College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Virginia, 1997
The objective of this study is to determine whether there are inadequacies in the rural financial markets of Virginia. The analysis is based on data from a survey of farm and non-farm small businesses, in five rural counties in Virginia. A Probit model is used to determine whether the financing difficulty encountered by small rural businesses is significantly determined by non-risk characteristics of users of capital and/or non-risk characteristics of local capital markets. Four variables representing different aspects of financing difficulty are used as the dependent variables in each
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-02-2004
Jayson L. Lusk
Организация: Department of Agricultural Economics
2000
Until recently, beef has primarily been a homogeneous and unbranded product. Partially because of non-differentiated nature of beef, consumers have shifted consumption to other meet and non-meat food items that identify particular quality or functional characteristics. In light of the demand decline, the beef industry is in need of information regarding consumer and retailer demand for quality differentiated beef as they attempt to enhance beef sales. This dissertation used three alternative methodologies to examine the demand for quality differentiated beef. The first study used an expe

Опубликовано на портале: 05-02-2004
Maria Marshall
Организация: Department of Agricultural Economics
2002
Trade relations between United States and Mexico are becoming increasingly important and interrelated ever since January 1, 1994 when Mexico, Canada and the US entered into the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Mexico is a net importer of agricultural products and imports most of its corn and sorghum from the U.S. In 2001, corn exports increased to 12% and sorghum exports increased to 82% with respect to total U.S. world exports of corn and sorghum. In the case за corn, trade barriers exist that add the measure of uncertainty to the transaction between exporter and importer

Опубликовано на портале: 05-04-2005
Gladys Mutangadura
Организация: College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
1997
In times of tightening national budgets as a result of structural adjustment requirements, the need to make choices in Zimbabwe¹s publicly funded research is heightened. Adoption of quantitative priority setting methods help improve the objectivity of decision-making while fostering consistency of research priorities with the attainment of research system objectives This study develops and applies a quantitative methodology for agricultural research priority setting for Zimbabwe¹s Department of Research and Specialist Services (DR&SS) under multiple objectives.

Such a method

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Опубликовано на портале: 29-03-2004
Scott William Nieman
Научный руководитель: Arik M. Levinson
Организация: The University of Wisconsin- Madison (University of Wisconsin- Madison)
Madison, 2001
This dissertation consists of two essays that examine potential ways to reduce pollution through economic incentives. The first essay uses plant-level data to examine the effects of inspections and enforcement actions on compliance with water pollution permits by plants in the pulp and paper industry. Unlike studies using data from earlier time periods, this paper finds that previous inspections have only small effects on current compliance. However, when the effects of different types of inspections are

Опубликовано на портале: 05-04-2005
Wei Peng
Организация: College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
2001
Nitrogen (N) is a key nutrient input to crops and one of the major pollutants to the environment from agriculture in the United States. Recent developments in site-specific management (SSM) technology have the potential to reduce both N overapplication and underapplication and increase farmers' net returns. In Virginia, due to the high variability of within-field yield-limiting factors such as soil physical properties and fertility, the adoption of SSM is hindered by high grid?sampling cost. Many Virginia corn-wheat-soybean farms have practiced generating yield maps using yield monitors
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-04-2005
Spencer R. Phillips
Организация: College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
Virginia, 2004
Land is a composite good, the price of which varies with its characteristics, including proximity to amenities. Analysis of data from sales of land near Green Mountain National Forest wilderness areas in a hedonic price model reveals a positive relationship between proximity to protected wilderness and market values for residential properties. The applications of this result include improved consideration of the positive economic impacts of land conservation in political deliberations over public land management and new mechanisms for financing land conservation, local planning and devel
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-04-2004
Michael A. Schwarz
Организация: Harvard University
Cambridge, 2002
This dissertation derives restrictions on an agent's behavior from invariance principles, in particular, from the requirement that an agent's choices be independent of the units of measurement. It is shown that invariance principles are sufficient for approximating an agent's behavior in environments where little information is available. Strong restrictions on admissible shape of tails of the posterior distribution of an unknown variable are derived. For the case of independently and identically distributed draws, closed form solution for the family of tails of posterior distribution is
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