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Макроэкономика - раздел современной экономической теории, в рамках которого изучаются такие феномены как экономический рост, колебания деловой активности, инфляция и безработица, а также вопросы макроэкономической политики. (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 293

Опубликовано на портале: 29-01-2003
Vani K. Borooah
Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 1996
The purpose of this book is to set out in a comprehensive, but succinct manner, the key points surrounding four economic issues that generate, today, much discussion and debate. These are the issues of growth, unemployment, distribution and government. It is aimed at an audience that is sufficiently interested in economic issues to read a book that sets out these issues clearly, comprehensively and above all, seriously. This has implications for both the style and the content of the book. Clarity requires that the arguments be presented coherently, without resort to jargon. Comprehensiveness requires a wide perspective embracing theoretical, empirical and policy matters. Lastly, seriousness requires that the most up-to-date thinking on economic matters is presented in digestible form, but without violence to the integrity of the original arguments. Achieving this trinity of objectives has been the primary aim of this book.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 29-01-2003
Hendrik van den Berg
Boston: McGraw-Hill, 2001
This textbook by Hendrik Van den Berg on Economic Growth and Development presents a long-awaited synthesis of Development Economics and Growth Theory. It also incorporates the recent contributions to our understanding of economic growth from the fields of economic history and the new institutional economics. By basing its analysis on the recent advances in growth theory, the book offers a unified approach to all episodes of economic growth for countries at all levels of development and throughout history. Students will be comfortable with an analysis that enables them to understand economic growth in their own country as well as in economies very different from their own. The unified theoretical framework greatly facilitates students understanding of the process of economic growth, and the many cases and examples highlight the fascinating diversity of our world.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
William Jack Baumol American Economic Review. 1986.  No. 76(5). P. 1072-1085. 
Maddison's 1870-1979 data are analyzed, showing the historically unprecedented growth in productivity, gross domestic product per capita and exports and the remarkable convergence of productivities of industrialized market economies, with convergence apparently shared by planned economies but not less developed countries. Productivity lag's relation to "deindustrialization," unemployment, and balance of payments is examined. The data are shown to suggest a tempered view of the slowdown in U.S. productivity growth and its lag behind other countries.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
Thorvaldur Gylfason
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999
This is a concise and reader-friendly introduction to the principles of economic growth for students of economics and business. Gylfason examines theoretical and empirical models of economic growth through examples and case studies drawn from around the world and through a trenchant analysis of classic thought in this area. The influence of public policy on economic efficiency and growth is a key theme which underpins this textbook's engagement with issues such as liberalization, stabilization, privatization, and unemployment, as well as technology, education, natural resources, and geography. Economic growth is one of the most exciting areas of recent research and debate in the fields of business and economics, and this text, complete with end-of-chapter summaries and review questions, provides an ideal introduction to the topic.
Readership: Ideal for undergraduate students of macroeconomic principles, open economy macroeconomics, business and managerial economics, and international business. These are major courses on economics and business studies degrees. In addition, 'economic growth' has been one of the most exciting areas in economics in recent years, and this means that the text will receive a great deal of academic interest.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
Robert M. Solow
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000
This is the second edition of a book on the subject for which Professor Solow received the Nobel Prize in Economics (1987). This edition includes the Nobel Lecture and the six chapters from the First Edition, and adds a transitional chapter (the 'Intermezzo') and six new chapters on recent developments in growth theory.
The author is the most prestigious living growth theorist in the world, and a Nobel Laureate. Provides a relatively brief 12 chapter overview of old and new growth theory, with sympathetic, buy very critical, discussion of recent theorists such as Roemer, Lucas, and Grossman. A lot of interest in economic growth in both liberal arts (undergraduate and graduate) departments of economics and in business economics (undergraduate and graduate). Only book to cover traditional exogenous and new endogenous growth theory in historical sequence, showing casual relationships, similarities, and contrasts.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
Robert J. Barro
Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 1998
Nothing matters more to the long-term economic welfare of a nation than its rate of economic growth. Compounded over many years, seemingly small differences in annual growth rates can lead to vast differences in standards of living. Research on economic growth has exploded in the past decade. Hundreds of empirical studies on economic growth across countries have highlighted the correlation between growth and a variety of variables. Determinants of Economic Growth, based on Robert Barro's Lionel Robbins Memorial Lectures, delivered at the London School of Economics in February 1996, summarizes this important literature.
The book contains three essays. The first is a survey of the research on the determinants of long-run growth through the estimation of panels of cross-country data. The second essay details the interplay between growth and political freedom or democracy and finds some evidence of a nonlinear relationship. At low levels of political rights, an expansion of rights stimulates growth; however, once a moderate level of democracy has been obtained, a further expansion of rights reduces growth. The final essay looks at the connection between inflation and economic growth. Its basic finding is that higher inflation goes along with a lower rate of economic growth.
Unlike recent work that has focused on "endogenous" growth theories, in which the long-term growth rate was determined by government policies and other forces contained in the model, cross-country empirical work draws heavily on the older neoclassical model. The neoclassical model's central idea of conditional convergence receives strong support from the data: holding measures of government policy, initial levels of human capital, and other variables constant, poor countries grow faster than rich countries.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 25-01-2003
Tapio Palokangas
New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000
Collective bargaining is still the main vehicle for labour worldwide to negotiate wages, benefits, retirement policies, training and other terms of working with management in both the public and private sectors. Labour economists have long been active in modelling the relations between collective bargaining agreements, labour markets, and social welfare conditions. This book presents a new theoretical model of unions which offers a unified treatment of the centralization of bargaining, the credibility of labour contracts, the unionization of labour markets and the relative bargaining power of the union. Part I of the book develops the microfoundations of bargaining and examines collective bargaining interacting with public policy, investment and growth, and international trade and specialization. In conclusion Professor Palokangas challenges the commonly held view that collective bargaining has a negative impact on economics welfare, and argues that with the existence of market failure, collective bargaining can be welfare enhancing.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию) ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 20-01-2003
David Bevan, Paul Collier, Jan Willem Gunning
New York: Oxford University Press, 1994
This book, a companion volume to Peasants and Governments by the same authors (OUP, 1990), develops macroeconomic theory for small open economies which are characterized by the sort of restrictions which make much of existing neoclassical economics inapplicable to developing countries. The applicability of this theory is demonstrated in an analysis of two temporary trade shocks in Africa.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-01-2003
Ред.: Harry Bloch
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2002
What are the forces behind the increasing globalization of economic life? How does globalization affect the functioning of national economies? What difficulties confront government policymakers in dealing with the global economy? These issues are addressed in this volume by leading specialists. The contributors present a range of unique and varied perspectives from which they consider aspects of the increasing integration of economic life, exploring implications for the functioning of domestic markets in a rapidly changing global economy. The result is a collection of insights that provide a framework for understanding globalization as an economic phenomenon. The determinants of national economic growth within this global context, and the way in which national governments and international organizations can best achieve growth and development without instability and widening inequality are also discussed.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-01-2003
Ред.: John Adams
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 1999
The pursuit of economic growth is at the top of every nations policy agenda at the end of the 20th century. This authoritative and comprehensive book goes beyond the narrowly-based convergence model of economic growth by considering global, national and regional patterns of growth from a comparative perspective.
Issues examined include:
the evolution of the firm and the role of R&D
long-term implications of the loss of national sovereignty
international openness
social and political institutions
patterns of regional harmonization in the United States, particularly income and earnings trends across states and the reasons for convergence persistent regional disparities in Europe including the roles of sectoral transformation, regional spillovers, human capital formation and the allocation of structural funds the experience of convergence in individual countries including Italy, the UK, Spain and Germany
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

New Growth Theory [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 14-01-2003
Jati K. Sengupta
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 1998
New growth theory attempts to explain the process of long run economic growth through endogenous forces such as human capital, knowledge spillover and information technology. This book offers an up-to-date critical review of the most important economic issues in new growth theory and discusses its empirical evidence, optimality and usefulness in national policy making.
Professor Sengupta critically analyzes the dynamic and disequilibrium models as applied to recent international growth and discusses their policy implications for structural adjustment, technological innovation and international spillover of knowledge. He empirically illustrates the various phases of growth in technology-intensive sectors such as flexible manufacturing and the semi-conductor and telecommunications industries, presenting new insights into the effects of the learning process on growth and the different phases of the innovation process. He also provides a detailed new approach to learning by doing. He then critically reviews the foreign exchange market in relation to international development. Lastly, he applies time-series econometric methods to R&D investment in human capital in a global framework.
New Growth Theory will be invaluable to graduate students and scholars of macroeconomics and researchers in growth theories and economic development
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 14-01-2003
Timo J. Hamalainen
Northampton: Edward Elgar, 2002
The current paradigm shift in the world economy is challenging the traditional competitiveness and growth theories with their few explanatory variables. This book offers a more holistic framework to synthesise the key findings of the various branches of competitiveness and growth research.
The author illustrates this framework with a new long wave theory of socio-economic development. This theory emphasises the competitiveness and growth benefits of rapid structural adjustment in the rapidly changing techno-economic environment. Based on thorough analysis the author argues that both markets and governments have become less efficient due to the current transformation of the world economy. His empirical data from 22 OECD countries in the 1980s and 1990s illustrates that efficiency and growth-oriented governments have significantly contributed to their countries economic success.
National Competitiveness and Economic Growth will furnish its readers with a better understanding of the interdependencies of many important but seemingly unrelated aspects of modern economies and societies, for example the dynamics of business and technology, and cultural and institutional change. It will appeal to economists, business professionals and policymakers with a special interest in the competitiveness and growth of firms and national economies as well as the long-term development of socio-economic systems.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
Michael M. Hutchison
2003
This paper investigates the output effects of IMF-supported stabilization programs, especially those introduced at the time of a severe balance of payments/currency crisis. Using a panel data set over the 1975-97 period and covering 67 developing and emerging-market economies (with 461 IMF stabilization programs and 160 currency crises), authors find that currency crises even after controlling for macroeconomic developments, political and regional factors significantly reduce output growth for 1-2 years. Output growth is also lower (0.7 percentage points annually) during IMF-stabilization programs, but it appears that growth generally slows prior to implementation of the program. Moreover, programs coinciding with recent balance of payments or currency crises do not appear to further damage short-run growth prospects. Countries participating in IMF programs significantly reduce domestic credit growth, but no effect is found on budget policy. Applying this model to the collapse of output in East Asia following the 1997 crisis, we find that the unexpected (forecast error) collapse of output in Malaysia where an IMF-program was not followed-- was similar in magnitude to those countries adopting IMF programs (Indonesia, Korea, Philippines and Thailand).