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Институциональная экономика (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 1043

Опубликовано на портале: 20-08-2008
А.В. Алешин TERRA ECONOMICUS. 2006.  Т. 4. № 1. С. 159-164. 
В условиях распространения региональных парадигм и подходов в экономических исследованиях последнего времени, объясняемых усилением значимости территориального фактора в выборе направлений трансформаций и перевода на инновационный путь развития российской экономики, исключительное значение приобретает институциональное оформление устойчивого взаимодействия всех участников научно-технической и производственной сферы посредством развития единой инновационной инфраструктуры, обеспечивающей эффективное использование аккумулируемого разномасштабными субъектами бизнеса национального научного и технологического потенциалов.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-08-2008
Наиля Фаридовна Тагирова TERRA ECONOMICUS. 2006.  Т. 4. № 1. С. 116-127. 
Интерес к прошлому и поиску в нем причин современных проблем российской экономики характерен для большинства новейших экономических и социологических исследований. Современные экономико-теоретические работы все чаще выходят за рамки господствовавшего неолиберального направления, склоняясь к проблемам институционализма. В статье проводится анализ новейших российских публикаций по вопросам теории экономической истории.
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Опубликовано на портале: 19-08-2008
Юрий Валерьевич Латов TERRA ECONOMICUS. 2006.  Т. 4. № 1. С. 61-83. 
В статье теневая экономика рассматривается как необходимый для развития общества сектор экономики, в рамках которого происходит вызревание новых, дублирование существующих и угасание отмирающих формальных институтов.
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Опубликовано на портале: 19-08-2008
Joel Mokyr, TERRA ECONOMICUS. 2006.  Т. 4. № 1. С. 7-31. 
Меркантилизм как главная тема европейских институциональных разработок до сих пор не поднималась в рамках Новой институциональной экономики. В данной работе изучаются не экономическая политика или регулирование как таковое, а долгосрочный экономический рост, который набрал полную силу в Европе примерно к тому времени, когда классический меркантилизм перешёл в оборонительную позицию и в конечном счёте пришёл в упадок.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-03-2008
Robert Boyer PSE Working Papers. 2007.  No. 2007-43.
This article starts from the limits of the policies that assume a significant de-connection between antipoverty strategies and the logic of the growth regime and that mainly rely upon market mechanisms. By contrast, a branch of the new institutional economics argues that a complete set of coordinating mechanisms is constitutive of really existing economies and that they are more complementary than substitute. The Institutional Complementarity Hypothesis (ICH) may be useful for analyzing simultaneously the antipoverty policies and the viability of growth regimes. The different brands of capitalism are the outcome of complementary institutions concerning competition, labor market institutions, welfare and innovation systems. Generally, such configurations cannot be emulated by poor developing countries, but reviewing the preliminary findings of the UNRISD country case studies suggests some common features to all successful experiments. Basically, antipoverty policies are efficient when they create the equivalent of virtuous circles within which growth entitles antipoverty programs and conversely these programs sustain the speed and stability of growth. Two methods are proposed in order to detect possible complementarities and design accordingly economic policies: the Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) on one side, national growth diagnosis on the other side. A special attention is devoted to the timing of policies and the role of policy regimes. A brief conclusion wraps up the major findings and proposes a research agenda.

Опубликовано на портале: 25-03-2008
Robert Boyer CEPREMAP Working Papers. 1996.  No. 9620.

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Опубликовано на портале: 25-03-2008
Ред.: Agnes Labrousse
Изд-во: Springer, 2000, 384 с.
German Ordoliberalism and French Regulation theory, two institutionalist theories born in different national contexts, show striking convergences and complementarities. Based on an original comparison, Institutional Economics in France and Germany analyses the basic concepts, the development and the present relevance of both schools, the way they deal with the crucial methodological issue of complexity and with transformation in post-socialist Europe. It underlines the specificity and fruitfulness of these European approaches to institutional economics, often unfortunately ignored in the English-language literature. Written by leading scholars, this book is a clear presentation of both theories, with numerous illustrations and in-depth analysis of recent research developments. This theoretical, methodological and thematic comparison raises central issues in the growing field of socioeconomic and institutionalist theory.
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Опубликовано на портале: 18-03-2008
Peter A. Hall, Daniel W. Gingerich MPIfG, Discussion Paper. 2004.  No. 5.
Using aggregate analysis, this paper examines the core contentions of the “varieties of capitalism” perspective on comparative capitalism. We construct a coordination index to assess whether the institutional features of liberal and coordinated market economies conform to the predictions of the theory. We test the contention that institutional complementarities occur across sub-spheres of the macroeconomy by examining the correspondence of institutions across sub-spheres and estimating the impact of complementarities in labor relations and corporate governance on rates of growth. To assess the stability of the institutional features central to the theory, we assess the dynamics of institutional change in recent years. The evidence suggests that there are powerful interaction effects among institutions across sub-spheres of the political economy that must be considered if the economic impact of institutional change in any one sphere is to be accurately assessed.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-02-2008
Ольга Эрнестовна Бессонова
Москва: Российская политическая энциклопедия (РОССПЭН), 2006, 143 с.
В книге представлен новый взгляд на хозяйственное развитие России. Три ее части последовательно раскрывают природу российской экономики через язык и структуры повседневности, выявление закономерностей развития раздаточных институтов и общих законов хозяйственной эволюции. В фокусе рассмотрения актуальные вопросы современности: Какова истинная природа российской экономики? Являлся ли советский экономический период отклонением от магистрального пути развития российской цивилизации? Почему в России невозможен классический рынок? Существуют ли единые законы хозяйственного развития для России, Запада и Востока?
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-12-2007
Michael Grimm, Stephan Klasen Proceedings of the German Development Economics Conference, Güttingen 2007. 2007.  No. 9.
There is well-known debate about the respective role of geography versus institutions in explaining the long term development of countries. These debates have usually been based on cross country regressions where questions about parameter heterogeneity, unobserved heterogeneity, and endogeneity cannot easily be controlled for. The innovation of Acemoglu, Johnson and Robinson (2001) was to address this last point by using settler morality as an instrument for endegenous institutions and found that this supported their line of reasoning. We believe there is value-added to consider this debate at the micro level within a country as particularly questions of parameter heterogeneity and unobserved heterogeneity are likely to be smaller than between countries. Hence, we examine the determinants of agricultural growth across villages on the Indonesian Island of Sulawesi and find technology adoption to play a crucial role. We show that geography through its effects on migration and institutions is a valid instrument to establish the causal links between institutions and technology adoption as well as technology and agricultural growth.
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-11-2007

"Econline" - это электронный курс, включающий в себя  интерактивную версию первого тома учебника "Курс институциональной экономики: институты, сети, трансакционные издержки и контракты" (авторы Я. Кузьминов , К. Бендукидзе , М. Юдкевич ) и задачник.
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Обновлено: 06-10-2011

"Econline" - это уникальный интернет-ресурс. "Econline" - электронный курс, включающий в себя  интерактивную версию первого тома учебника "Курс институциональной экономики: институты, сети, трансакционные издержки и контракты" (авторы Я. Кузьминов , К. Бендукидзе , М. Юдкевич ) и задачник.

Опубликовано на портале: 16-11-2007
Alfred D. Jr. Chandler European Economic Review. 1992.  Vol. 36. No. 2-3. P. 483-994. 

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Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007
Douglass C. North
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2005, cерия "Princeton Economic History of the Western World", 2208 с.
In this landmark work, a Nobel Prize-winning economist develops a new way of understanding the process by which economies change. Douglass North inspired a revolution in economic history a generation ago by demonstrating that economic performance is determined largely by the kind and quality of institutions that support markets. As he showed in two now classic books that inspired the New Institutional Economics (today a subfield of economics), property rights and transaction costs are fundamental determinants. Here, North explains how different societies arrive at the institutional infrastructure that greatly determines their economic trajectories. North argues that economic change depends largely on "adaptive efficiency," a society's effectiveness in creating institutions that are productive, stable, fair, and broadly accepted--and, importantly, flexible enough to be changed or replaced in response to political and economic feedback. While adhering to his earlier definition of institutions as the formal and informal rules that constrain human economic behavior, he extends his analysis to explore the deeper determinants of how these rules evolve and how economies change. Drawing on recent work by psychologists, he identifies intentionality as the crucial variable and proceeds to demonstrate how intentionality emerges as the product of social learning and how it then shapes the economy's institutional foundations and thus its capacity to adapt to changing circumstances. Understanding the Process of Economic Change accounts not only for past institutional change but also for the diverse performance of present-day economies. This major work is therefore also an essential guide to improving the performance of developing countries.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-10-2007
Виктор Сергеевич Евстафьев
2005
This class deals with problems of institution building and institutional reforms in Russian economy. Such topics as Soviet Planned Economy Principles, Entrepreneurial Climate in Rusia, Russian Business Culture, and others will be lectured and discussed in class.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-10-2007
Joseph E. Stiglitz, Sergio Godoy NBER Working Papers. 2006.  No. 11992.
This paper examines alternative hypotheses concerning the determinants of success in the transition from Communism to the market. In particular, we look at whether speed of privatization, legal institutions or initial conditions are more important in explaining the growth of the transition countries in the years since the end of the Cold War. In the mid 90s a large empirical literature attempted to relate growth to policy measures. A standard conclusion of this literature was the faster countries privatized and liberalized, the better. We now have more data, so we can check whether these conclusions are still valid six years later. Furthermore, much of the earlier work was flawed since it did not adequately treat problems of endogeneity, confused issues of speed and level of privatization, and did not face up to the problems of multicollinearity. Our results suggest that, contrary to the earlier literature, the speed of privatization is negatively associated with growth, but is confirms the result of the few earlier studies that have found that legal institutions are very important. Other variables, which seemed to play a large role in the earlier literature, appear to have at most a marginal positive effect.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-10-2007
Joseph E. Stiglitz, Richard R. Nelson, Giovanni Dosi, Mario Cimoli LEM Papers Series. 2006.  No. 2006/02.
In this work, meant as an introduction to the contributions of the task force on Industrial Policies and Development, Initiative for Policy Dialogue, Columbia University, New York, the authors discuss the role of institutions and policies in the process of development. They begin by arguing how misleading the "market failure" language can be in order to assess the necessity of public policies in that it evaluates it against a yardstick that is hardly met by any observed market set-up. Much nearer to the empirical evidence the authors argue that even when one encounters a prevailing market form of governance of economic interactions, the latter are embedded in a rich thread of non-market institutions. This applies in general and is particularly so with respect to the production and use of information and technological knowledge. In this work they build on the fundamental institutional embeddedness of such processes of technological learning in both developed and catching-up countries and we try to identify some quite robust policy ingredients which have historically accompanied the co-evolution between technological capabilities, forms of corporate organisations and incentive structures. All experiences of successful catching-up and sometimes overtaking the incumbent economic leaders – starting with the USA vis-à-vis Britain – have involved “institution building” and policy measures affecting technological imitation, the organisations of industries, trade patterns and intellectual property rights. This is likely to apply today, too, – also in the context of a “globalised” world economy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 24-10-2007
Сергей Вадимович Цирель Социологические исследования. 2003.  № 10. С. 144-148. 
Рецензия на книгу Кирдиной С.Г. "Институциональные матрицы и развитие России".
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-10-2007
Barry Eichengreen, Ricardo Hausmann NBER Working Papers. 1998.  No. 7418.
In this paper we analyze three views of the relationship between the exchange rate and financial fragility: (1) the moral hazard hypothesis, according to which pegged exchange rates offer implicit insurance against exchange risk and thereby encourage reckless borrowing and lending; (2) the original sin hypothesis, which emphasizes an incompleteness in financial markets which prevents the domestic currency from being used to borrow abroad or to borrow long term even domestically; and (3) the commitment problem hypothesis, which sees financial crises as resulting from neither moral hazard nor original sin but from the weakness of the institutions that address commitment problems. We examine the evidence on these hypotheses and draw out their implications for exchange-rate policy in emerging markets
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Опубликовано на портале: 08-10-2007
Peter A. Hall, David Soskice
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001
What are the most important differences among national economies? Is globalization forcing nations to converge on an Anglo-American model? What explains national differences in social and economic policy? This pathbreaking work outlines a new approach to these questions. It highlights the role of business in national economies and shows that there is more than one path to economic success.
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