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Институциональная экономика (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 1044

Опубликовано на портале: 22-10-2003
An Entrepreneurial Theory of the Firm makes a thorough and comprehensive enquiry into the nature of the of the relationship that exists between firms and markets, with separate, in-depth explorations of the issues of both the existence and inner organisations of the firm. Sautet develops a model that explains the emergence of the firm in the market process as the result of entrepreneurial activity in the context of genuine uncertainty.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-10-2003
This book brings together classic writings on the economic nature and organisation of firms, including works by Ronald Coase, Armen Alchian and Harold Demsetz, Michael Jensen and William Meckling, and Oliver Williamson, as well as more recent contributions by Paul Milgrom and John Roberts, Bengt Holmstrom, and Oliver Hart.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 22-10-2003
This book shows that, in calling economics the `dismal science', Thomas Carlyle was profoundly wrong. Economic ideas have illuminated behaviour in all of the social sciences in addition to the economists' traditional domain. The broadening of economics and the use of economists' methods by social scientists in other fields is leading to a unified and positive view of economies and societies.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 22-10-2003
Institutionalist analysis is increasingly used as a key research tool for economists confronted with the shortcomings of mainstream economic analysis and the problems presented by the transformation of socio-economic systems in Eastern Europe. On Economic Institutions brings together leading economists working in a wide range of research traditions who examine theories of institutions and institutional change.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-10-2003
Neoclassical economics assumes that people are highly rational and can reason their way through even the most complex economic problems. In Individual Strategy and Social Structure, Peyton Young argues for a more realistic view in which people have a limited understanding of their environment, are sometimes short-sighted, and occasionally act in perverse ways. He shows how the cumulative experiences of many such individuals coalesce over time into customs, norms, and institutions that govern economic and social life. He develops a theory that predicts how such institutions evolve and characterizes their welfare properties.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 21-10-2003
Shigeto Tsuru is one of Japans most respected senior economists. In these lectures, he provides a reappraisal of institutionalism as a school of thought and discusses its relevance for the issues which the economic profession today must tackle.
Tsuru reconsiders Marxian political economy as an institutionalist school, which provides a context for the following discussion of J. M. Keynes, Joseph Schumpeter and Thorstein Veblen. He goes on to present the four key elements of modern institutionalism - i.e., the open-system character of the economy; the problem of planning; the evolutionary process of modern economics; and the normative character of economics - by way of an examination of three present-day institutionalists, Gunnar Myrdal, John K. Galbraith, and K. William Kapp. Tsuru concludes with an evaluation of modern institutionalism and the future of institutional economics.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 21-10-2003
Comparative Political Economy is a student's introduction to the comparative analysis of nations, public policy and economic affluence. It surveys the dominant theoretical approaches and describes the countries: developed Western countries, rapidly changing East European nations, and states in the Third World. Economic, social, and political developments are analysed at length and the basis concepts - democracy versus authoritarian systems and capitalist systems versus socialist ones - are employed to illuminate similarities and differences between politico-economic systems in the world. It explores the conditions for political democracy as well as the conditions for economic growth, applying quantitative techniques to crucial problems in political economy cocerning the interaction between politics and economics.

Опубликовано на портале: 21-10-2003
This book suggests how high levels of corruption limit investment and growth and lead to ineffective government. Corruption creates economic inefficiencies and inequities, but reforms are possible to reduce the material benefits from payoffs. Corruption is not just an economic problem, however; it is also intertwined with politics. Reform may require changes in both constitutional structures and the underlying relationship of the market and the state. Effective reform cannot occur unless both the international community and domestic political leaders support change.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 21-10-2003
This book reexamines one of the most provocative and debated models of bureaucratic behavior, as developed by William A. Niskanen in his seminal book, Bureaucracy and Representative Government(1971). His theory has been discussed, tested, and amended by scholars over twenty years. In The Budget-Maximizing Bureaucrat, Niskanen now offers his own reassessment. Thirteen scholars then evaluate the wide array of findings, both qualitative and quantitative, relevant to the various aspects of the model, offering conclusions about the merits and limits of the theory and suggesting alternative explanations of bureaucratic behavior.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-10-2003
In strong opposition to the popular view that success is determined by cultural differences, de Soto finds that it actually has to do with the legal structure of property and property rights. Every developed nation in the world at one time went through the transformation from predominantly informal, extralegal ownership to a formal, unified legal property system, but in the West we've forgotten that creating this system is also what allowed people everywhere to leverage property into wealth. This persuasive book will revolutionize our understanding of capital and point the way to a major transformation of the world economy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-10-2003
Mistrust, argues John O. Whitney, forments meddling corporate bureaucracies that police even the most trivial transactions-squelching innovation and dragging down revenues with crippling administrative overhead. It discourages sales from talking to marketing, marketing to manufacturing, or manufacturing to design. (Or any of them talking to customers of suppliers.) And it provokes harassed managers to endlessly massage their budget and forecast numbers... and their superiors to doubt the results they submit.
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-10-2003
Mark Casson, a respected economist, sets out in a rigorous but accessible way, the theory that the culture in which a firm operates has a profound effect on its productivity. One of the topics covered by this book - the role of leadership and manipulation of performance in business culture - is very important and has been largely neglected until now.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 21-10-2003
The essays on contract theory offer new results centering around the theory of the firm. Issues of ownership, integration, delegation, and finance are analyzed. Further, topics of medical care, the economics of crime, the environment, and international trade are treated from a contracting perspective. The authors are leading young economists who have worked at the "International Summer School on the New Institutional Economics".
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Опубликовано на портале: 21-10-2003
Chun Wah Liu
second term, 2000-2001
One of the most puzzling phenomena in economics is the rise and fall of communism. The once highly developed industrialized economies of the Soviet bloc quickly collapsed into underdeveloped poor countries while a backward agricultural China surged to be the world's third largest economy. This is unexpected from a conventional economics perspective. This course will examine how the transition of East European countries and China from centrally-planned economies to market economies can be explained by the economic concepts introduced in this course. The course will emphasize on the perspectives of economic organization and institutional change. While China is specific in some of her institutions and reform measures, she also encounters many economic problems similar to those in other transitional economies. Study of economic transition is not only interesting in itself but also sheds light on the next steps of the Chinese economic reform and even on the restructuring of organizations in our market economy. This course is open to all interested students. The approach adopted will emphasize on economic concepts and real examples. While students from business, political science, sociology and history should find no difficulty in understanding the materials, economics majors will find the concepts intellectually insightful and the examples practical. (Students of Comparative Economic Systems (ECO 3220), Chinese Economy (ECO 3310), Trade and Investment Among The Chinese Economies (ECO 3340), Politics of the Russian Economic Reform (GPA 2140), Industrial Organization (ECO 3480) and Economics of Information (ECO 4440) will find the course particularly interesting because the subject contents and the approach of this course will be complementary to those of the above courses.) All the lecture notes (Part I, Part II) and references are kept at the reserve of the University Library.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-10-2003
In organization theory a schism has developed between the traditional organizational behavior literature, based in psychology, sociology and political science, and the more analytically rigorous field of organizational economics. The former stresses the importance of managerial leadership and cooperation among employees, while the latter focuses on the engineering of incentive systems that will induce efficiency, and profitability, by rewarding worker self-interest.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-10-2003
Mattei shows how concepts from economics can be applied to the study of comparative law. He then applies the concepts to several significant problems in comparative law, including the history and sources of law, differences between civil and common law systems, and the reasons for legal change and the movement of law from one country to another. He looks at specific problems in property, contracts, and trust law. Finally he uses the insights he has developed to understand the issues involved in changing law in developing countries and in formerly socialist countries.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-10-2003
Trust, Ethnicity and Identity deals with the economic role of laws and institutions in achieving social order in a decentralized economy. Specifically, this book considers the coordinating role of three major nonprice institutions - ethnic trading networks, contract law, and gift-exchange - in economizing on transaction costs and thus facilitating the process of exchange in decentralized economies in different historical contexts.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-10-2003
The studies in this volume reveal how vast information systems like Dun & Bradstreet and TRW generate reputation and beneficial exchange, and how brand names, middlemen, and dealers give their own sort of seal of approval. One chapter describes the origins of Underwriters' Laboratories, an organization that sells its inspection services and mark of approval for product safety. Another argues that J. P. Morgan's investment banking service was in large part applying astute judgment in granting the Morgan seal of approval to firms in need of capital. Other, less formal, reputational mechanisms such as gossip, customary law, and written correspondence are also explored. Contexts range from trust among merchants in Medieval Europe, social control in small communities, and good conduct in a vast anonymous society such as our own.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-10-2003
Market economy has become today the predominant economic system in the world. One of the tasks of the book is to define analytically the essential features of a market economy. The other purpose is to investigate the very working of a market economy which rests on firms defined as organizations and markets seen as institutions. It also supposes a renewed conception of cooperation and competition. The book will permit the reader to acquire a fresh view on market economies, stressing simultaneously their unity and diversity. It will also interest specialists of microeconomics as well as industrial organization, economics of technology and institutional economics.
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Опубликовано на портале: 17-10-2003
Книга продолжает серию публикаций работ иностранных и российских исследователей, посвященных гуманитарным проблемам экономической науки. Автор анализирует модель человека, которая лежит в основе современной экономической теории, а также исторические тенденции ее развития при различных методологических подходах к ее анализу. Для широкого круга читателей, интересующихся историей и современным состоянием западной экономической мысли.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию) ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл