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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 2070

Опубликовано на портале: 30-06-2005
Ольга Валерьевна Гаврилова
Москва, 2003
Цели и задачи исследования. Целью представляемого исследования является разработка методов повышения операционной эффективности (эффективности операций или бизнес-процессов) в крупных российских организациях при реализации стратегических альянсов с зарубежными партнерами. Реализация цели исследования предполагает
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-06-2005
Андрей Владимирович Земницкий
Москва, 2003
Цели и задачи исследования. Целью исследования является разработка ключевых элементов экономической политики государства в отношении либерализации доступа иностранных компаний в сектор услуг. При этом выбор рекомендаций в отношении экономической политики основан на прикладном моделирование последствий, которые будет
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Опубликовано на портале: 23-06-2005
Андрей Валерьевич Лукашов Управление корпоративными финансами. 2004.  № 2. С. 35-47. 
Данная статья является введением в теорию поведенческих финансов. В ней рассматриваются отличия этой теории от традиционной (неоклассической) финансовой теории, а также отмечаются основные области применения поведенческого подхода в сфере корпоративных финансов. В исторической справке приводятся этапы развития и кратко описываются «строительные блоки» теории поведенческих финансов. С этой же точки зрения рассматриваются дивидендная политика и «загадка дивидендов».
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Корпоративные финансы [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 20-05-2005
Ирина Васильевна Ивашковская, Ирина Владимировна Никитушкина, Никита Константинович Пирогов
Основная цель курса для преподавателей – становление единой модели преподавания курса «Корпоративные финансы» в региональных экономических вузах, соответствующей современному уровню экономического образования в ведущих университетах мира, сфокусированной на формировании у слушателей методологического аппарата анализа капитала фирмы в рыночной среде на примере акционерной компании. Выполнение этой цели означает создание основы для освоения современного финансового анализа капитала фирмы, не зависимо от ее организационно-правовой формы и отраслевой принадлежности. Внедрение данного курса, имеющего методологическую направленность, будет вести к повышению качества преподавания цикла дисциплин финансов фирмы в экономических вузах.
Предлагаемая программа направлена на повышение квалификации преподавателей блока финансовых дисциплин из региональных экономических вузов.
Курс рассчитан на 32 часовую программу переподготовки преподавателей, которые в последующем смогут учить студентов по предложенной программе, но в объеме не менее 68 аудиторных часов.
Помимо перечня и содержания тем, программа курса содержит рекомендации по проведению контроля знаний, списки основной и дополнительной литературы по каждой теме, а также перечень примерных контрольных вопросов и заданий для самостоятельной работы, примерные темы рефератов и курсовых работ, слайды лекций.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-05-2005
John P. Townsend, B. Wade Brorsen Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 2000.  Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 89-94. 
Two methods were used to estimate the cost of forward contracting hard red winter wheat. One hundred days before delivery, the estimated cost of forward contracting ranged from six cents/bu to eight cents/bu. Thus, further evidence is provided that the cost of forward contracting grain is not zero.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-05-2005
Ralph Bierlen, Orlen Grunewald Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1995.  Vol. 27. No. 1. P. 138-148. 
Hedonic price models are estimated to determine if there are incentives to supply higher quality tomatoes. Price premiums are associated with extra-large tomatoes originating from shipping points located closer to consumption points. Price differences between mature-green and vine-ripe tomatoes are not significant. Vine-ripe tomatoes are favored by consumers in the summer while mature-green tomatoes are favored the rest of the year. The U.S. Department of Agriculture should consider changing the present tomato grading system, which is based on shape and smoothness, to include a flavor indicator based on harvest maturity.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-05-2005
Marianne McGarry Wolf Journal of Food Distribution Research. 1999.  Vol. 30. No. 1. P. 149-155. 
A consumer survey was used to generate a demographic profile of the target market for value-added produce products compared to consumers who purchase bulk produce products. Those who purchase value-added produce products are more likely to be young, single, and without children than are those who do not purchase value-added produce products. The produce characteristics that are most desirable to consumers when making their purchase decision were identified. The extremely to very desirable characteristics of produce are those that concern taste, quality, and value. The very to somewhat desirable characteristics of produce are those that relate to the convenience of using and buying produce. Consumers' perceptions of the characteristics of packaged salad products versus head lettuce were evaluated. The haracteristics of produce that provide packaged salad with a relative advantage over head lettuce were identified for use in a promotional campaign by producers of packaged salad products.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-05-2005
Hua He, Chung-Liang Huang, Jack E. Houston Journal of Food Distribution Research. 1995.  Vol. 26. No. 2. P. 28-38. 
This study uses the 1987-88 U.S. Department of Agriculture Nationwide Food Consumption Survey data to analyze the impacts of income, prices, and selected socioeconomic characteristics on household consumption of fresh fruits. Results suggest that fresh fruits are considered economic necessities, with own prices significantly influencing consumption. Cross-price effects are generally weak and insignificant, but the number of adults in the age group 18-64 is an important determinant of household consumption of fresh fruits. While nutrition information and household savings have significant, positive influences on most fresh fruit consumption, the presence of a working wife has a significant and negative influence.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-05-2005
Edmund A. Estes, V. Kerry Smith Journal of Food Distribution Research. 1996.  Vol. 27. No. 3. P. 59-76. 
National opinion polls indicate that pesticide residues on fresh fruits and vegetables remain an important concern of American consumers, despite a decade-long increase in per capita consumption levels for fresh fruits and vegetables. Increased availability of organically grown fruits and vegetables may change consumer produce purchase behavior which is often dominated by appearance considerations. Domestic consumers likely consider and tradeoff price, visual appearance, and health risk when buying fresh produce. This paper uses an hedonic framework to examine price, appearance, and health risk considerations made by Tucson, Arizona shoppers in 1994.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-05-2005
M.S. Deepak, Thomas Spreen, John VanSickle Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1996.  Vol. 28. No. 2. P. 433-443. 
This study evaluates the economic impact of a ban on methyl bromide on the U.S. winter fresh vegetable market for six major crops: tomatoes, green peppers, cucumbers, squash, eggplant, and watermelons. Florida is the primary domestic supplier of these products. Mexico and Texas are the competing suppliers of the five vegetable crops and peppers, respectively. Leontief technologies represent both monocrop and double-crop production systems; linear inverse demand functions represent four demand regions in the U.S. and Canada. By increasing production costs and reducing yields, a ban on methyl bromide decreases Florida’s FOB revenues by 54% and increases those of Mexico by 65%.Price increases to U.S. fresh vegetable consumers range from near zero to over 10%, depending upon the commodity and location.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-05-2005
John R. Brooker, David B. Eastwood, Brian T. Carver, Morgan D. Gray Journal of Food Distribution Research. 1997.  Vol. 28. No. 1. P. 54-61. 
This study focused on the transmission of price adjustments between grower/shippers and wholesalers and between wholesale handlers and retailers of nine fresh vegetables (only the results associated with bell peppers are reported in this paper). Results among the nine vegetable products were not consistent with respect to the magnitude of adjustments or the time periods involved in the adjustments. In response to wholesale price changes, upward price adjustments at the retail level occur more quickly than do downward price adjustments. Price transmission relationships also varied among the vegetable products between the wholesaler and grower. Overall, the results indicate that factors in addition to changes in upstream prices are impacting retailers' and wholesalers' pricing decisions.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-05-2005
Sheila E. Underhill, Enrique E. Figueroa Journal of Food Distribution Research. 1996.  Vol. 27. No. 2. P. 56-66. 
This study examines the potential for marketing fresh fruits and vegetables with labels indicating enhanced food and/or environmental safety attributes as compared to conventional produce. Four labels were investigated: Organic, Certified Organic, Certified Pesticide Residue-Free, and Grown with IPM. Results confirm findings of other surveys relating to concerns about pesticide residues. Seventy-one percent (71%) of respondents stated they believed that pesticide residues in food present a serious or moderate health hazard to consumers. In addition, 74% believed that pesticides pose a serious or moderate hazard to the environment, and 64% felt there was a serious or moderate hazard to farm workers. Results indicate there is a positive information effect for likelihood of purchasing for all of the labels, and this effect is statistically significant for all of the labels except for Certified Pesticide Residue-Free. The magnitude of the information effect for the Grown with IPM label was considerably higher than for the other labels, suggesting that there might be substantial payoffs for informing consumers about this label.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-05-2005
Zhikang You, J.E. Epperson, Chung-Liang Huang Journal of Food Distribution Research. 1996.  Vol. 27. No. 3. P. 11-22. 
Price and expenditure elasticities at retail level for 11 fresh fruits and 10 fresh vegetables were estimated by employing a composite demand system approach and using annual data. Most fresh fruits and vegetables were found to respond significantly to changes in their own prices but insignificantly to changes in total expenditures. The demand for fresh fruit group appeared to have had a clear upward trend since 1973. However, no significant trends were found in the demands for individual fresh fruits or vegetables. The study partially incorporated the interdependent demand relationships between fresh fruits (vegetables) and all other commodities, yet effectively avoided the problem of insufficient degrees of freedom.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-05-2005
Jeffrey Gillespie, Vernon R. Eidman Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1998.  Vol. 30. No. 1. P. 175-188. 
The introduction of vertical coordination in the hog industry has provided producers with new business arrangements for raising hogs. While some researchers have elicited utility functions for hog producers on the basis of income risk, none have addressed autonomy, a factor which appears to be important in business arrangement selection for independent family hog operations. In this study, a method is developed for eliciting a multi-attribute function with attributes of income and autonomy. Utility functions are elicited for a group of Minnesota farrow-to-finish hog producers. For these producers, autonomy dominated risk as the most important attribute in business arrangement selection.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-05-2005
Allison Comeau, Ron C. Mittelhammer, Thomas I. Wahl Journal of Food Distribution Research. 1997.  Vol. 28. No. 2. P. 27-35. 
An Inverse Almost Ideal Demand System is utilized to determine the effectiveness of Market Promotion Program (MPP) and Target Export Assistance (TEA) advertising and promotion expenditures in the Japanese market for meat. Using annual data, it is found that beef advertising and promotion has had a positive and significant effect on the demand for beef. There is insufficient evidence to conclude that pork and poultry advertising and promotion increased the demand for either commodity.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-05-2005
William W. Rowland, Michael R. Langemeier, Bryan Schurle, Allen M. Featherstone Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1998.  Vol. 30. No. 1. P. 189-199. 
This study evaluates the economic competitiveness of a sample of Kansas farrow-to-finish operations by estimating relative firm efficiency using nonparametric mathematical programming techniques. Measures of technical, allocative, scale, economic, and overall efficiency are then related to farm characteristics to identify sources of efficiency. Results indicate that overall efficient farms produce a high quantity of pork per litter, produce a portion of their own feed grains, generate a large portion of their income from swine and other livestock enterprises, and have a lower debt-to-asset ratio.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-05-2005
Patrick J. Byrne, Oral Capps, Gary W. Williams Journal of Food Distribution Research. 1993.  Vol. 24. No. 1. P. 158-166. 
This analysis focused on economic forces influencing U.S. lamb consumption at the consumer level. The demand for lamb was shown to be inelastic. Key determinants of lamb consumption were habit persistence, seasonality, own price, and the price of pork. Income, trend and the price of beef were not statistically important factors.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-05-2005
James W. Richardson, David P. Anderson, Derrell S. Peel, Mike Phillips Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1993.  Vol. 25. No. 2. P. 95-105. 
A whole-farm simulation model is used to analyze the impacts of PST adoption on representative farms in Missouri and Indiana. Farmers who do not adopt experience lower average annual net cash farm incomes than adopters. Lower feed prices and/or an average PST/feed response decrease the incentive to adopt. Payment of a 5 percent carcass merit premium (CMP) and/or higher grain prices greatly increase the economic incentive to adopt.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-05-2005
B. Wade Brorsen, Jay T. Akridge, Michael Boland, Sean Mauney, John C. Forrest Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1998.  Vol. 30. No. 2. P. 313-324. 
One method of implementing value-based marketing is a component pricing system. This research develops and evaluates alternative component pricing systems for pork. Two electronic technologies for estimating carcass components (optical probe and electromagnetic scanner) were evaluated on two sets of data representing different populations. Model accuracy increased as additional components were added.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-05-2005
Steve W. Martinez Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001.  Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 18-24. 
Dramatic changes took place in the industry structure of the pork industry during the 1990s, changes such as new geographic patterns of production, increases in firm size, and new types of marketing practices, including new forms of vertical coordination. These new methods of vertical coordination-including contracts and vertical integration, and growth in firm size at all stages have raised concerns about market power and impact on industry performance. These concerns are reflected in proposed federal legislation to prevent vertical mergers by large firms, some states' legislation banning packer ownership of hogs, and resolutions-presented at the 2000 National Pork Producers Council annual forum-to ban packer ownership. In this paper, recent structural changes in the pork sector are reviewed. To gain insight into new methods of vertical coordination in the pork sector, these developments in structure are compared to those in the poultry sector, an industry that underwent dramatic structural changes decades ago.
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