Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 2071
Опубликовано на портале: 27-04-2005R. Wes Harrison, Aylin Ozayan, Samuel P. Meyers Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1998. Vol. 30. No. 2. P. 258-265.
Attributes for two value-added seafood products derived from underutilized crawfish are analyzed using conjoint data from seafood restaurants in the southern region of the United States. Preferences for the products’ form, price, and flavor attributes were tested. Statistical tests revealed that the attribute interactions were not significant, and part-worth utilities for all main effects were estimated using an additive preference model. Results indicate that the new crawfish products should be marketed as a high-quality fresh soup base or seafood stuffing, priced between 30% and 50% of the cost of fresh crawfish tail meat.
Government Policy, Wind Erosion, and Economic Viability in Semi-Arid Agriculture: The Case of the Southern Texas High Plains [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 27-04-2005Julie A. Bunn Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1998. Vol. 30. No. 2. P. 339-351.
The 1996 farm bill challenges agricultural producers to pursue conservation objectives while allowing flexibility and reducing subsidies. The nature of this challenge for semiarid rain fed, wind-erosion-prone agriculture is explored via a behavioral model. Simulations of farm-firm decision making under scenarios in the southern Texas High Plains are evaluated. Results indicate that the removal of subsidies, while lowering farm incomes, does not, under most assumptions, alter cropping system choice. Alternatively, under a variety of assumptions, the imposition of an erosion tax shuts down cropping.
Опубликовано на портале: 27-04-2005Ralph J. Alig, Darius M. Adams, Bruce A. McCarl Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 1998. Vol. 30. No. 2. P. 389-401.
The forest and agriculture sectors are linked by having a portion of their land bases suitable for use in either sector. A substantial part of the southern land base is suitable for either forestry or agriculture use, with most of forestation on U.S. agriculture land in the South. We examine how land exchanges between forestry and agriculture are influenced by specific federal conservation and farm support policies, including changes in the Conservation Reserve Program. Reallocation of land is a significant part of the sectors’ responses to the policies, along with intensification of timber management on existing southern forests.
Carolina Golden Products [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 27-04-2005Suresh Sureshwaran, Lisa A. House, Gwen Hanks, Randy Little Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 2. P. 68-74.
This case study focuses on an investment decision made in a poultry processing firm which is faced with increased sales targets but is constrained by dependence on other companies for storage and distribution. The decision to construct a distribution center is analyzed in this study. Instructors can use this case to teach agribusiness finance. As with other case studies, many issues can be explored, such as market channels, the importance of assumptions, and structure of the poultry industry.
Опубликовано на портале: 27-04-2005Susan Hine, Maria L. Loureiro, Susan Meyer Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 3. P. 46-53.
Potato producers in Colorado (and nationwide) have been facing a continued downward trend in potato commodity prices. In an attempt to increase demand for potatoes, these growers had Colorado State University (CSU) researchers perform a market study regarding the viability of marketing a value-added potato. A survey was performed which asked consumers to identify important potato characteristics, their willingness to pay for these characteristics, and what might prompt them to purchase more fresh or processed potatoes in the future. This paper discusses the results and recommendations that CSU made to the Colorado potato producers.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005Alvin R. Schupp, Jeffrey Gillespie Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 3. P. 35-44.
A sample of Louisiana households was surveyed by mail to estimate their degree of support for compulsory country of- origin labeling of fresh or frozen beef in grocery stores and restaurants. This potential requirement for grocery stores and restaurants was supported by 93 and 88 percent of respondents, respectively. Binomial probit analysis identified the socioeconomic characteristics of consumers with respect to their decision on the labeling of fresh or frozen beef in grocery stores and restaurants. Important variables for both types of outlets were "prefer domestic over imported durable goods," "consider domestic beef safer than imported beef," and "male."
Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005John W. Siebert, Alejandro Lalor, Sung-Yong Kim Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 3. P. 25-33.
Membrane filtration technologies are capable of creating entirely new, more functional food products. In this regard, potential new dairy products include high-protein, low-lactose fluid milk, high-protein, low-lactose ice cream, and nonfat yogurt made with fewer stabilizers. An initial survey of membrane manufacturing companies determined the added cost to produce such functional food products to be two to six percent of the existing retail price for similar standard dairy products. A subsequent survey of milk processors found that the most likely adopters of such membrane technologies were yogurt manufacturers.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005Anetra L. Harbor-Locure, Patricia E. McLean-Meyinsse, Vernisha V. Bethea Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 3. P. 55-68.
Results from a random telephone survey of households in 13 southern states suggest that 80 percent of respondents use labels when making food purchasing decisions. Label users are more likely to be college-educated, female, living in the East South Central Region, and to be childless or to have children between the ages of five and twelve. Age is invariant to label use; however, older respondents are more likely to assign higher importance ratings to caloric, fat, sodium, and cholesterol content than to price, expiration date, and brand when buying fresh-fluid milk.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005Charles R. Hall, Conrad Lyford Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 2. P. 54-66.
The produce industry in Texas is currently faced with several issues that can potentially negatively effect fruit and vegetable industry participants. To combat these issues producers and other industry participants recently developed a task force to lead the produce industry through a detailed strategic planning process. This task force used a Framework for Industry Strategic Planning and Coordination (ISPC) developed by Lyford et al. as a model to guide its strategic planning efforts. Using this framework the task force was able to highlight the most significant issues affecting the industry and develop specific strategies and implementation plans to resolve these issues. This case study illustrates the application of ISPC and tests the overall usefulness of the framework.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005Gregory K. White Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 2. P. 40-52.
This report is the result of the fourth in a series of surveys describing the population of Internet users who visit food and drink sites online. It examines their demographic characteristics and online shopping activity and identifies subsets of this population that have made more frequent online transactions. Approximately 26 percent of respondents reported making an average of 4.4 specialty food or beverage purchases online in the previous six months. Nearly 25 percent of respondents' most recent purchases were made from 7 companies. An additional ten companies accounted for 15 percent of their most recent purchases. The remaining 60 percent of purchases were distributed among 602 other companies.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005Ronald A. Babula, Karl M. Rich Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 2. P. 2-19.
A quarterly, partial-equilibrium vector-autoregression model of the U.S. durum wheat and pasta markets was estimated and simulated under three trade-barrier changes that are of potential relevance for the current round of WTO agricultural negotiations: a rise in the U.S. market-clearing durum wheat quantity from increased imports; a policy- or tariff reduction-induced decline in U.S. durum wheat price; and a tariff-induced rise in U.S. pasta product prices. In response to each shock, an array of quarterly dynamic response characteristics are examined: response reaction times, direction and pattern of quarterly responses, response durations, response multipliers, and strength of durum/pasta market interrelationships.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005Tomislav Vukina Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 2. P. 30-38.
This paper provides an economic explanation of the existing market organization of the poultry industry. The vertical integration and the emergence of contracts with independent farmers is explained by risk sharing, technological progress and innovation dissemination, consumer demand for product reputation and uniform quality, and access to capital. In addition, the sources of growers' discontent with existing contracts are analyzed and the potential need for government regulation is discussed.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005Patricia E. McLean-Meyinsse Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 111-114.
Results from a random telephone survey of 1,421 grocery shoppers in the South suggest that 80 percent of them used food labels when making food purchasing decisions. Overall, shoppers used the information on fat content more frequently than any other labeling information. Label and attribute use were found to be statistically significantly associated with age, educational level, gender, household composition, household income, marital status, and race.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005Marianne McGarry, Colin M. McVey Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 169-172.
This research shows that the wine market in California is segmented by age. Wine consumption behavior differs between the generation X consumer and those that are not generation X. They purchase different types of wine at different locations. There are different attitudes toward wine between the two groups. Generation X consumers are more concerned with the quality and image attributes of wine.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005Byung-Joon Woo, Chung-Liang Huang, J.E. Epperson, Brenda J. Cude Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 174-181.
In this study, we monitored food price changes in Athens-Clarke County, Georgia. Georgia has 42 metropolitan counties and 117 nonmetropolitan counties (Selig Center for Economic Growth, 1998). As a small metropolitan area, Athens has several traditional supermarkets. The Wal- Mart supercenter in Athens opened on January 25, 2000. The addition of the Wal-Mart supercenter was expected to increase price competition among existing supermarkets and food retailers in Athens. The effect of increasing competition from the Wal-Mart supercenter could force traditional supermarkets to change and adopt new food-pricing strategies. The objective of this study is to determine the impact of the opening of a new Wal-Mart supercenter on retail food prices among selected supermarkets in Athens, Georgia.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005Michelle A. Morganosky, Brenda J. Cude Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 6-17.
Consumer behavior in the context of online food retail channels is analyzed. The research is a follow-up to an earlier study conducted in early 1998 on consumer response to online food shopping. In the 1998 study (N=243), a majority of the sample (51 percent) were "new" users of online food shopping (< 6 months); 35 percent were "intermediate" users (1-6 months); and only 14 percent were "experienced" users (> 6 months). In contrast, the new user segment in the follow-up study (N=412) was 29 percent; the intermediate segment was 28 percent; and the experienced group was 43 percent. Demographic profiles and shopping behaviors of respondents in the two studies are compared. Using cluster analysis, four distinct segments of online food shoppers are identified. Marketing strategy implications for online retailers and store retailers are discussed.
Analyzing the Impact of Generational Effects on Consumer Expenditures for Meats: A Cohort Approach [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005J. Michael Harris, Noel Blisard Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 65-73.
Different generations may exhibit diverse expenditure patterns that are the result of higher incomes and/or different tastes. Traditional life cycle analysis ignores these generational effects and concentrates on only those changes due to the aging effect. It is important that we look at these generational effects since succeeding cohorts are born into and socialized in a different social, technological, and economic environment (Rentz, Reynolds, and Stout, 1983). Cohort differences influence consumer consumption profiles. Both public and private policymakers are interested in these changes. The research reported in this paper uses data from the Consumer Expenditure Survey (CES) to follow eight cohorts throughout a 14-year period. The cohort methodology is used to isolate the net effects of age, cohort, and time on expenditures. Deaton and Paxton (1994) have applied this methodology to look at income inequality while Attanasio (1994) has applied the methodology to an analysis of saving behavior by U.S. households. Rentz, Reynolds, and Stout (1983) also used the methodology to analyze product consumption. The researchers analyzed changing consumption patterns for soft drinks. A later work done by Rentz and Reynolds (1991) developed a methodology to forecast coffee consumption using an age, cohort, and period framework.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005Ho-Shui Li, Jack E. Houston Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 98-109.
We apply stepwise logistic regression to identify significant sociodemographic factors (such as gender, age, and others) which influence the choice of each of the six major types of food markets and to identify the promotional factors which positively or negatively influence consumers' preferences for the most. often used market. Female consumers have almost four times higher odds of frequently using traditional vegetable markets in the past year. The unmarried, divorced/widowed, and/or those who had higher family monthly incomes demonstrate lower odds of frequently using traditional markets. For purchases of fresh foods, female respondents, older consumers, and/or those living in northern Taiwan have higher odds of choosing traditional vegetable markets as the most frequently used market, while occupation "chief," and those with higher levels of education have lower odds of choosing traditional markets. Price level influences consumers positively in choosing traditional vegetable markets, while products with mark registrations, such as GMP or CAS, negatively influence this choice.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005Bruno A. Lanfranco, Glenn C.W. Ames, Chung-Liang Huang, Forrest Stegelin Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 86-96.
Income elasticities of demand were estimated for nine aggregate food categories for a sample of Hispanic consumers. In general, the demand for food appears to be relatively inelastic with respect to income, although the situation may be quite different when more disaggregated food categories are considered. Government subsidies received by households may also impact the demand for specific food groups. Although not conclusive, the results of this study indicate that Hispanic households participating in the WIC program consume more fruits, milk and pork, and less total fats, beverages, and chicken than households not participating in the income transfer programs. The results for food stamps were less conclusive.
Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005James R. Matthews Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001. Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 116-124.
Rural California WIC participants tend to show a slightly lower propensity to redeem WIC-issued food instruments than urban California WIC participants do. In addition to possible food availability problems associated with rural locations, the presence or absence of cultural factors, especially foreign language backgrounds, may also help to explain this difference. Limited English-speaking WIC participants seem somewhat more likely to redeem their food vouchers than primarily English-speaking WIC participants do. This condition seems to be as prevalent in rural California areas as it is for the urban-dominated California WIC population as a whole. Nevertheless, WIC food instrument redemption rate analysis, together with geographic information systems, might be helpful in pinpointing areas around the country where physical food availability problems might exist.