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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 2071

Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005
Safdar Muhammad, Surendra Singh, Enefiok Ekanem, Fisseha Tegegne, Anonya Akuley-Amenyenu Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001.  Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 134-139. 
Food safety issues are becoming more important in international trade. Fresh food products are more likely to carry food risks and to encounter Sanitary and Physiosanitary Measures (SPS) as barriers to market access. Developing countries (DC) need to overcome barriers and develop capability to guarantee the safety of food product exports in order to maximize benefits from international trade. The paper examines the importance of agro-food processing sector for developing countries and explores the private and public actions required to address food safety risks in fresh food product exports from developing countries. Thus DC exporters must learn to supply safe products and to defend their interest in transparent, science-based standards. Successful export market development will also require public actions by DC governments. Such actions may include research to improve production methods, testing and certification of product, implementation of new regulation, negotiating pre-certification by importer governments, and participation in international negotiations regarding SPS measures.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005
Andrew Swire-Thompson, Thomas L. Sporleder, David E. Hahn, Winston Bash Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001.  Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 157-167. 
Technology-driven change is everywhere and value-capture from new technology is challenging for business managers. Also rival firms may use technology as part of major success strategies. This situation leads managers to be keenly interested in evaluation of alternative technologies prior to making a sunk investment in physical facilities. In contemplating new or added-capacity processing facilities, managers and investors must evaluate return on investment (ROI). Evaluation of ROI is complex because it varies by alternative technology and the resultant potential product mix alternatives associated with that technology at the time the investment capital is committed to build the processing plant. This research examines optimal alternative product mix from a processing plant technology that is fixed at the time of commitment to building or adding capacity. Evaluating the optimal product mix is of vital concern in any start-up processing environment. In this research the optimal product mix is evaluated by using a sophisticated evaluative tool known as PowerSim. This economic simulation software is used to model a start-up tomato processing plant in Ohio. The model evaluates the effects of various output, or tomato product mix, on plant profitability measured by ROI. Results indicate that an increase in plant profitability is expected when the tomato product mix consists of products that have a lower soluble solids concentration. The lower the soluble solids concentration of a tomato product, the less the processor will benefit from tomato varieties with high soluble solids. The processing operation achieves a ROI of 26.5 percent when the plant's product mix is 50 percent tomato paste (31° brix) and 50 percent diced tomatoes. This product mix optimizes processor net income and realizes a plant return on equity of 50.6 percent.
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Опубликовано на портале: 25-04-2005
С Артамонов
Москва, 2003
Основной целью настоящей работы является разработка теоретического и методологического аппарата стратегии вертикальной интеграции современных нефтегазовых компаний, направленной на обеспечение сбалансированного развития входящих в их состав основных секторов нефтегазового бизнеса: upstream (нефть и газ) - downstream (прод
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Опубликовано на портале: 19-04-2005
I. M. Onunkwo, J.E. Epperson Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001.  Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 140-151. 
The purpose of this study was to estimate the impact of the major factors affecting the export demand for U.S. almonds in Asia and the E.U. which together import about 93% of U.S. almond exports. The primary objective pertained to the impacts of federal promotion programs on the foreign demand for U.S. almonds. Based on previous literature, a single-equation framework was specified for estimation of the almond model. Based on promotion elasticities, impacts on almond export revenue from promotion were evaluated. The marginal return per dollar to decreasing promotion expenditures for almonds was $47.74 for Asia, reflecting prudent promotion expenditures for more efficient utilization of promotion funds as the Asian market for U.S. almonds approaches maturity. The E.U. appears to be a mature market for U.S. almond exports with no detectable responsiveness to promotion expenditures. Thus, simple reminder-type promotion activities for this market may be sufficient.
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Опубликовано на портале: 18-04-2005
Вера Дмитриевна Маркова
Планирование является важнейшей функцией управления, связанной с предвидением целей фирмы, результатов ее деятельности, путей и ресурсов, необходимых для достижения поставленных целей. В связи с этим курс по внутрифирменному планированию входит в число основных при подготовке современных экономистов и менеджеров. Основная цель курса – повышение качества преподавания дисциплины «Внутрифирменное планирование» в российских вузах на основе приведения концепции курса к единой модели, сфокусированной на формировании у студентов системного видения, а также методологического аппарата анализа и планирования деятельности компании. Выполнение этой цели означает создание основы для развития навыков внутрифирменного планирования в современной рыночной среде, не зависимо от отраслевой принадлежности компаний, уровней и типов внутрифирменных планов.
Курс предназначен для преподавателей вузов, преподающих курсы по экономике фирмы и смежным дисциплинам, а также для тех, кто занимается подготовкой самостоятельных курсов по данной проблематике.
Курс рассчитан на 40 часов - 30 ч. аудиторных занятий, 10 ч. самостоятельной работы.
Программа курса содержит темы и краткое описание тем курса, рекомендации по формам итогового контроля, списки основной и дополнительной литературы.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-04-2005
Mario F. Teisl, Alan S. Levy Journal of Food Distribution Research. 1997.  Vol. 28. No. 3. P. 18-27. 
Nutrient labeling is found to significantly affect consumer purchase behavior; some evidence that consumers may act as if they hold nutrient (or health risk) budgets is found. Providing nutrient information may allow consumers to more easily switch consumption away from 'unhealthy' products in those food categories where differences in other quality characteristics (e.g., taste) are relatively small between the more and less 'healthy' products, toward 'unhealthy' products in categories where differences may be relatively large (i.e., a 'substitution effect'). If this substitution effect is large, nutrient labeling may not change the overall consumption of 'unhealthy' nutrients and thus may not lead to significant changes in health risk.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-04-2005
Khari A. Cook, Ulrich C. Toensmeyer, Carl L. German, H. Reed Muller Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001.  Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 26-36. 
Fresh Potato production and marketing is still an important factor in Delaware agriculture. Consumer tastes and preferences have changed dramatically within the past 10 years (Byrne, 1993). Specifically, consumers, on average, spend less time today preparing meals than they did a decade ago. There is clearly a need and desire for convenience in the food products that are available to the consumer today and in the future. Thus, the Delaware Potato Board and the Department of Food and Resource Economics at the University of Delaware jointly conducted a consumer survey of Delaware households, concerning their purchasing patterns of fresh potatoes.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 14-04-2005
Arbindra P. Rimal, Stanley M. Fletcher Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 3. P. 28-36. 
A nationwide household survey was used to examine U.S. consumers’ attitude and purchase behavior toward in-shell peanuts. Fishbein’s multiattribute model was the basis for evaluating the effects of perceived product attributes on attitudes toward in-shell peanuts. Consumer purchase behavior was analyzed using a count data model. The results suggest that attitutes toward in-shell peanuts were influenced by attributes such as fat, taste, and healthiness, and that taste was the only attribute influencing consumers’ purchase decisions. Consumers who perceived that in-shell peanuts contained undesirable nutritional ingredients such as fat and cholesterol, developed unfavorable attitudes toward in-shell peanuts. These perceptions translated into reduced purchase frequency for in-shell peanuts.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 14-04-2005
Eugene Jones Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001.  Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 79-84. 
Agricultural economists are especially noted for conducting studies on the consumption behavior of U.S. consumers. For many decades, USDA nationwide food consumption surveys provided rich databases for agricultural economists to assess the nutritional content and quality of consumers' diets. Research results emanating from these databases were informative and insightful with respect to consumer behavior. Further, the data utilized was comprehensive and the results eagerly anticipated.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 14-04-2005
Joselito K. Estrada, Albert J. Allen Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2001.  Vol. 32. No. 1. P. 46-52. 
Retail trade plays an important role in a local community's economic well-being. It fosters the creation of jobs, income, and tax revenues. It serves as a support industry to the area's industrial base by providing inputs for these enterprises and meeting the consumer needs of its workers. Furthermore, if the local retail trade sector provides goods and services, which are not available in other locations, it attracts dollars from out-of-town shoppers. This study analyzed retail trade patterns for food and beverages, together with overall retail trade patters, for six county classifications in Mississippi over four periods in time between 1985 and 1998. Pull factors were used to measure the ability of counties to attract and retain shoppers locally.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-04-2005
Siddhartha Dasgupta, John C. Foltz, Bonnie Jacobsen Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 3. P. 37-48. 
Water quality standards and a limited water supply have dramatically restricted the expansion of the U.S. trout industry. Faced with production restrictions, producers have turned to value-added products to strengthen the economic growth of the industry. In the near future, trout steaks could surface in retail outlets as a new revenue source for the mature trout industry. A telephone survey of consumers in Chicago and Los Angeles was conducted by the University of Idaho in the spring of 1997 to determine consumer preferences for trout steaks and, ultimately, to determine the viability of this product form. Using a probit analysis, fresh trout steaks were found to be more popular than frozen trout steaks. Consumers that exhibited significantly higher preference for fresh trout steaks were Hispanic, had high school education (or less), and for believed that trout was less expensive than other meats. Chicago respondents and individuals with an urban background tended to display a higher preference toward frozen trout steaks.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-04-2005
Jill J. McCluskey, A. Desmond O’Rourke Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 3. P. 11-20. 
Increased consolidation in the retail food industry, retail ‘discount stores’ expansion into food and the use of information technology have created a new breed of retail grocery establishments that are rapidly capturing a growing share of the retail food business. In order to study the relationships between produce suppliers and buyers and to offer strategies for small and medium-sized produce supply fins, executives representing a Pacific Northwest sample of produce supply firms and major retail chains were interviewed. The results presented and evaluated in this paper are based on information obtained from these interviews, Current business practices, and evolving relationships between large retail buyers and small and medium sized suppliers of fresh produce and frozen fruits and vegetables.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-04-2005
Steven S. Vickner, Stephen P. Davies, Joan R. FuMon, Valerie L. Vantreese Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 2. P. 26-38. 
This paper develops two brand-level demand models, where prices are treated as endogenous, to estimate unilateral market power in a representative product-differentiated oligopolistic food market. The results are estimated using point-of-purchase scanner data and are used to quantify the impact of a private-label brand on the economic performance of national brands. Specifically, our study calculates demand parameter estimates and returns to retailer vertical coordination for the frozen vegetable market-the third largest private-label food and beverage category in the United States, after ice cream and carbonated beverages. Consistent with broader industry trends, empirical evidence suggests that the private-label brand maintained a slight competitive advantage over Birds Eye and Green Giant.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-04-2005
Bruce Lambert Journal of Food Distribution Research. 1997.  Vol. 28. No. 1. P. 15-20. 
This report will attempt to outline the criteria for soliciting a database and to list some of the international databases that are available. Finally, there is a short discussion explaining how these databases can be incorporated into an effective marketing or research tool. The report will only discuss trade statistics that are electronically available, but most of these companies also produce hard copies or paper documents. The report will only focus on merchandise trade information, and not trade in services or capital movements.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-04-2005
John L. Park, Gene A. German Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 2. P. 8-16. 
In an effort to ease communication between packaged goods manufacturers and retailers, this study investigates food retailers’ preferences concerning the various promotional programs used in their stores. Through the use of a mail survey, retail executives from supermarket companies shared their perceptions of 22 specific promotional programs regarding each program’s use, effectiveness, and attractiveness for future support. According to retailers, clear and consistent promotional performers include targeted direct mail, shipper displays, in-store coupons, in-ad coupons, and in-store demos and sampling. It is noted, however, that the use and perceived effectiveness of these programs may not always seem consistent. For example, retailers felt that promotions tied to local charities are relatively ineffective for increasing product movement or overall store sales, and yet this promotional tool is used by 92 percent of surveyed retailers. On the other hand, frequent shopper programs received favorable marks regarding program effectiveness, and yet they are not commonly used by retailers in this survey. Ultimately, the value that a retailer places on any given promotion is a function of that promotion’s ability to meet stated retail objectives, which may extend beyond any hard sales statistics.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-04-2005
Sophia Glenn, Richard L. Kilmer, Thomas J. Stevens Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 2. P. 1-7. 
The economic basis for alternative delivery schedules between Florida Dairy Marketing Cooperatives (FDMCS) and fluid milk processors are analyzed, and the costs and benefits of improved coordination between these two market stages are highlighted. The additional costs incurred by FDMCS were they to switch from a uniform delivery schedule to various non-uniform delivery schedules are discussed. The seven-day uniform delivery schedule with the $0.25 discount scheme on total volume decreases FDMCS’ net revenues by $0.1433 per hundredweight (cwt), compared to a five-day delivery schedule with no price discounts.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-04-2005
Alberto B. Manalo, C. M. Gempesaw Journal of Food Distribution Research. 1997.  Vol. 28. No. 2. P. 55-63. 
conducted where respondents were asked to rank oyster alternatives that differed on the following attributes: source information, price, and inspection information. Ordered probit analysis of all responses revealed that inspection information was the most important attribute, followed by source information, and price. Respondents most preferred oysters that were farm-raised, priced at $3.49/8 oz, and inspected by the Food and Drug Administration. Individual part-worths were also estimated using ordinary least squares regression. Logit analysis revealed that the probability of inspection information being the most-valued attribute increased when the respondent believed that farm-raised shellfish are harvested in cleaner water than those caught in the wild. The probability of source information being the most important attribute increased when the respondent believed that farm-raised shellfish are safer than wild-caught.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-04-2005
Marianne McGarry Wolf Journal of Food Distribution Research. 1997.  Vol. 28. No. 3. P. 11-17. 
A consumer survey was used to identify the proportion of consumers who shop for produce at farmers' markets. A profile of the target market was developed. Characteristics of produce which are most desirable to consumers when making their purchase decision were identified. Consumers' perceptions of the characteristics of produce sold at farmers' markets versus supermarkets were evaluated. The most desirable characteristics of produce which provide farmers' markets produce with a relative advantage over supermarket produce were identified for use in a promotional campaign.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-04-2005
I. M. Onunkwo, J.E. Epperson Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 3. P. 21-27. 
The purpose of this study was to estimate the impact of the major factors affecting the export demand for U.S. walnuts in Asia and the European Union , which together import about 75 percent of U.S. walnut exports. The primary objective pertained to the impacts of federal promotion programs on the foreign demand for U.S. walnuts. The marginal return per dollar to decreasing promotion expenditures for walnuts was $4.14 for Asia reflecting prudent utilization of promotion expenditures as the Asian market for U.S. walnuts approaches maturity. The European Union appears to be a mature market for U.S. walnut exports with no detectable responsiveness to promotion expenditures.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Andrew Fearne, Sandra Dedman Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 14-23. 
This paper examines the factors that have driven UK suppliers of private-label products toward a culture of innovation and value creation and identifies the key distinguishing characteristics of some of the most successful private-label suppliers. Greater vertical coordination is at the heart of the transformation that the UK food industry is undergoing, so the focus of this paper is the development of supply chain partnerships for private- label products. The paper draws on recent results from our ongoing research into supply chain management. Structured interviews were conducted during the summer and autumn of 1999 with managing directors from a number of companies who specialize in the production of private-label products. The firms involved are primarily from the meat and fresh produce sectors—key destination categories of strategic importance in which retailers and their suppliers are working hard to develop sustainable competitive advantage.
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