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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 2071

Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Pamela S. Haines Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 32-38. 
The following topics are examined in this paper to illustrate how dietary quality improvements maybe overestimated: trends in fats, added sugars, and the percent of energy contributed from fat. Although a variety of policy and regulatory options are available to improve diet, the difficulty of making basic structural changes in people or society makes sustained change challenging. The issue attention cycle is used to illustrate a possible background to the rise and decline in interest given to healthy diet by the U. S population
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
R. Thomas Schotzko, Roger A. Hinson Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 2. P. 17-25. 
The objective of supply chain management (SCM) is to remove time and cost from supply chains, improving profitability and/or competitiveness. It is possible through conceptual advances, utilization of computer hardware and software, and other advances in electronic technology. Business literature is used to define the concept. Most applications and benefits have resulted from alliances between large retailers and large packaged goods vendors. Specific applications of SCM in the produce industry, with emphasis on factors such as perishability and production variability, are discussed. Firm-size implications are important. While small and mid-sized growers may find the cost to be high the innovation of logistics provided by outside suppliers is an alternative. A third-party provider was interviewed; its approach and services are documented; and industry implications are discussed.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Fred J. Ruppel, Charles R. Handy Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 73-82. 
It was just over a year ago that journalists, politicians, businessmen and even some economists were pondering the “end of global capitalism.” A number of Asian currencies and financial markets were on the brink of collapse. We no longer hear the frets and concerns over the failure of global capitalism. Unfortunately, however, the lack of current headline news about worldwide currency markets does not mean that the problems have gone away or that we are no longer troubled by these events. In fact U.S. production agriculture and U.S. food products exports both have along way to go before they recover from the worldwide macroeconomic conditions of 1997 and 1998. With an eye to understanding history so as not to repeat it, we examine the events that brought on these difficulties in the East Asian nations. We also look at the impact of these events on U.S. exports of food products during 1997, 1998, and early 1999.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Timothy Woods, Heath Hoagland Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 204-214. 
An increasing number of farmers in the United States are finding more opportunity to participate in value-added activities beyond their commodity production. Issues—such as low farm income, increasing marketing margins, and a desire to enhance demand for local commodities—generate more interest in identifying suitable value-added activities. Many states are providing programs to help promote and support farmers interested in leading the development of new food products. This paper examines the objectives and development strategies of several value-added state programs. Special attention is paid to the extent to which the programs create opportunities for farmers in different income groups. Programs profiled in this research include Iowa’s Rural Economic Value-Added Mentoring Program (REVAMP), North Dakota’s Agricultural Utilization Research Institute (AURI), Minnesota’s Agricultural Products Utilization Commission (APUC), and other centers and programs in Colorado, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Oklahoma.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Marianne McGarry, Andrew J. Thulin Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2004.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 193-197. 
This research examines the consumer profile and positioning for a new locally branded beef product. The research involves 413 beef consumers in California, The target consumers for the new locally branded beef product are approximately one-third of beef consumers in the local area. They are older, married, and from higher dual-income households. The target consumers for the new locally branded beef product are likely to have purchased other branded beef products. Approximately one-half of the beef consumers indicated that they make their meat purchase decisions in the store. The characteristics of beef that are important to the consumers when purchasing beef are price, quality, and appearance of the beef. Therefore, competitive pricing, packaging that highlights the product and point of purchase material that focuses on the brand concept are very important to the positioning and marketing of the new branded beef product.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Douglas L. Farmer, Dovi Alipoe, Carl R. Hughes Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 112-117. 
This study investigated various marketing strategies involving market windows at wholesale fruit and vegetable terminal markets. Data used in the analysis included weekly prices for okra sweet corn, strawberries, and green cabbage at terminal markets located in Dallas, St. Louis, Atlanta, Chicago, Cincinnati, and Detroit. Strawberries showed relatively high profit margins for small farmers operating in southwest Mississippi. Sweet com and okra showed more narrow profit margins, while green cabbage appeared to yield negative net returns (generally) for these farmers. Furthermore, .stochastic dominance analysis of various combinations of crop/market/window revealed the following as the preferred marketing strategies: (1) strawberries in all markets in the last third of the calendar year, (2) sweet com in all six markets in the first third of the calendar year, and (3) okra in St. Louis and Cincinnati in the first third of the calendar year.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
J. Garcia Vega, Martial Canales Gracia Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 24-31. 
This study aims to follow the work of some researchers that have used sociodemographic variables to try to explain food consumption patterns. Specifically, it tries to update and improve Heien, Lovell, and Perali’s (1989) work on Mexican food consumption. These authors used the 1977–78 ENIGH data to estimate the effects of demographic variables on food consumption in Mexico. First, a brief description of some studies related to food consumption is presented. Then, the structure of general consumption and the role of food consumption in Mexico are explained. The model to be used to relate food consumption and demographic variables is described, and then the results are presented. Finally, some comparisons and conclusions are drawn, and some suggestions are given
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Charlene C. Price, J. Michael Harris Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 169-177. 
Food recovery-the collection, or recovery, of wholesome food from farmers’ fields, retail stores, or foodservice establishments for distribution to the poor and hungry-is a good way to fight hunger in America. Food recovery makes use of wholesome food that would otherwise be discarded. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) estimates that more than one-quarter of all food produced in the United States is discarded (Kantor et al., 1997). Some discarded food is not edible; some is edible; and some can be recovered and distributed to nonprofit food assistance organizations, such as food banks, food pantries, etc., to help feed needy families. The objectives of this study are: to provide information to farmer’s markets and food recovery and gleaning organizations that would assist them in strengthening ties and increasing food donations; to identify communities for case study.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Elsa A. Murano Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 64-67. 
The past decade has taught us that pathogenic microorganisms are adapting themselves to processing treatments and environmental conditions once thought to be effective in controlling their proliferation. Genetic exchange is sprouting new varieties of bacterial strains with increased abilities to cause disease. The scientific community must adopt a proactive approach, including an aggressive research agenda that seeks to determine the ecology of the food production and processing environments, as well as the basic biology of pathogenic organisms. In addition, it is crucial that we develop a well-integrated educational strategy that seeks to educate industry and consumers.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
John W. Siebert, Rodolfo M. Nayga, Gina Thelen Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 178-183. 
Small smoked and processed meat manufacturers constitute a unique cottage industry in Texas. This paper assesses ways for such firms to improve their financial performance through better marketing strategies. The results indicate that, on average, small firms tend to be the most profitable. This is true whether size is measured in terms of dollars, pounds, or number of employees, The more profitable firms tend to be those that are located in rural areas or in shopping centers; those that make the majority of their sales at their own store$ those that do less of their own distribution; and those that emphasize flesh meat sales and de-emphasize jerky sales.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Marianne McGarry Wolf Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 198-203. 
This research shows that the wine market in the United States is segmented. The demographics and wine consumption behavior of the California wine consumer differs from the national consumer. The data examined here show that the California wine consumer can be further segmented into heavy spender and lighter spender groups based on demographics and wine consumption behavior, The existence of multiple segments in the wine market indicates that separately targeted marketing campaigns may be more effective than broad marketing campaigns for wine.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Khari A. Cook, Ulrich C. Toensmeyer, Carl L. German, James R. Bacon Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 103-111. 
The overall objective of this analysis is to determine what factors influence the patterns of fresh potato purchases by Delaware consumers. Specific objectives are: to determine Delaware consumers’ level of satisfaction with fresh potatoes; to determine how the different uses of fresh potatoes impact consumers’ purchases; to determine the impact of nutritional value on fresh potato purchases; to utilize demographic variables to further analyze purchasing patterns; and to make recommendations to Delaware potato producers based on the above findings.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Thomas Worley, Jill J. McCluskey Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 215-224. 
Vertical coordination refers to the economic arrangements involved in synchronizing the transfer of outputs from upstream stages of production to downstream stages, which rely on such resources as inputs into production processes that end with consumers. Many such input/output linkages between individual farms form interconnected food production marketing, and distribution channels linking chains of producers with consumers. Vertical coordination of such a complex and interconnected system may be accomplished by a combination of several methods throughout its length. The focus of this paper is production contracts as a vertical coordination mechanism between the farm production stage and the next downstream stage within food marketing channels.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Safdar Muhammad, Albert J. Allen Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 152-158. 
Fresh blueberries are sold through a marketing cooperative of the blueberry industry in Mississippi and Louisiana. Blueberry producers have numerous alternatives in assembling blueberries, and the cooperative needs to know the costs of different systems for assembling berries in order to provide better services to its members. The main objective of this study was to determine an efficient system for handling blueberries in Mississippi and Louisiana. Sixteen models with different combinations of drop stations and shipping points were evaluated. The results of this study will help the Miss-Lou Association and farmers to better develop strategies for handling and marketing blueberries in the future. It will assist the Miss-Lou Association in determining the number, size, and locations of drop stations hipping points with change in production each year.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Hsiang-tai Cheng, Stephanie Peavey, Alan Kezis Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 98-102. 
The wild blueberry сrop harvested in Maine and eastern Canada has increased considerably in recent years. The purpose of this study is to understand the recent trends in demand for wild blueberries with particular attention to the effects of production and the marketing of wild and cultivated blueberries. A price response Model was developed to analyze farm-gate price and the processor price, using annual data from 1978through 1997.Key explanatory variables in the model include quantity of wild blueberries, real per capita disposable income, the quantity of processed cultivated blueberries, and carry-overstocks of frozen blueberries.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Okwudili O. Onianwa, Betty Wesson, Gerald Wheelock Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 159-168. 
This study analyzed the market potential for locally grown shiitake mushrooms at the retail level in North Alabama. The data for this study were taken from a survey administered to produce managers of 79 retail stores in the region. Of the 79 stores in the sample, only 32 sold shiitake mushrooms. Results revealed that shiitake mushrooms were the third most retailed mushroom in North Alabama. Furthermore, supermarkets and specialty stores were more likely to stock shiitake mushrooms than were grocery stores, Among the shiitake types, fresh shiitake mushrooms were the most common, followed by packaged and dried forms, respectively. When sourcing for shiitake mushrooms, quality, freshness, and price were the three most important factors considered by produce managers.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Patricia E. McLean-Meyinsse Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 139-144. 
Empirical results from two-ordered probit model suggest that (a) men Catholics, and blue-collar workers are more positive about rabbit meat than their corresponding counterparts are (b) men Catholics, and blue-collar workers are the major consumers of rabbit meat in Louisiana and southeast Texas, and (c) 11 percent of female consumers are willing to try rabbit meat. Rabbit meat is low in fat, sodium and cholesterol, and high in protein but its price is comparable to that of bone and skinless chicken breast. Therefore, any promotional efforts to expand consumption must emphasize the meat’s nutritional attributes rather than its price.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
James R. Matthews Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 145-151. 
The federally funded Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program issues redeemable food instruments (or vouchers) to low-income mothers and their small children who demonstrate nutritional need. Not all such food instruments are actually redeemed. Both ethnicity and home language preferences were found to be significantly correlated with individuals’ WIC food instrument redemption likelihood, However, these correlations provided little indication that any food type (except cheese for Asians) is more or less culturally acceptable to any particular ethnic or language group. Regardless of ethnicity, persons who show English as their family language preference tend to have lower food instrument redemption rates than do those who prefer to speak any other language, at least among family members. This redemption rate disparity indicates that, to induce participants to follow dietary guidelines consistent with general public health goals, even a food assistance program such as WIC, needs to employ some marketing techniques. Use of the English language should be a major consideration in segmenting WIC markets.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Eugene Jones, Cuxna Akbay Journal of Food Distribution Research. 2000.  Vol. 31. No. 1. P. 124-131. 
This paper focuses on the issue of whether lower-income consumers are beginning to show consumption patterns for low-fat milk that are moving toward those of higher-income consumers. Additionally, this paper addresses the question of whether demand elasticities differ among lower- and higher income consumers. Specifically, a seemingly unrelated regression (SUR) model is specified and estimated for six types of milk. To accomplish the objective of this paper, consumption patterns of lower- and higher-income consumers are compared for low- and high-fat milk. These comparisons are made across two consumption areas, both of which were part of a previous study that used 1993–94 data Analyses in this paper use 1997–98 data for the same two areas. Specifically, changes in sales (and, by assumption, consumption) of high- and low-fat milk for a higher- and a lower-income store are compared over two time periods.
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Опубликовано на портале: 13-04-2005
Mark G. Brown, Thomas Spreen, Ronald P. Muraro Journal of Food Distribution Research. 1999.  Vol. 30. No. 3. P. 22-32. 
The allocation problem of sending grapefruit to packinghouses versus processing plants is considered in this paper. The authors examine on-tree grower prices reported by the USDA for fresh and processed grapefruit and report that these prices do not reflect the alternative returns necessary for this allocation decision. The USDA processed on-tree price is a weighted average of returns for fruit that is intended for processing and fruit that is not intended for processing while the USDA fresh on-tree price is for fruit that is only intended for the fresh market.
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