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Экономика труда изучает трудовые отношения, условия формирования и использования трудового потенциала (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 584

Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
Colin F. Camerer, Robin M. Hogarth Journal of Risk and Uncertainty. 1999.  Vol. 19. No. 1/3. P. 7-42(36) . 
We review 74 experiments with no, low, or high performance-based financial incentives. The modal result has no effect on mean performance (though variance is usually reduced by higher payment). Higher incentive does improve performance often, typically judgment tasks that are responsive to better effort. Incentives also reduce presentation effects (e.g., generosity and risk-seeking). Incentive effects are comparable to effects of other variables, particularly cognitive capital and task production demands, and interact with those variables, so a narrow-minded focus on incentives alone is misguided. We also note that no replicated study has made rationality violations disappear purely by raising incentives.

Equilibrium Labor Market Flows [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
Dale T. Mortensen
December 1999
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International Work, Wages and Mobility [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
Robert S. Chase
Spring 2001
This seminar will develop tools from labor economics to analyze international policy challenges pertaining to peoples work patterns, incomes, and job changes. It will seek to build awareness of how economics addresses these issues in industrialized, emerging and less developed economies. Specifically, in the seminar we will build understanding of the tools that economics uses to address these issues, examine particular elements of the economics research that use these tools, and then discuss appropriate possible responses. Given the seminar format, in the second part of the course there will be substantial opportunity to focus on issues of particular interest to class participants.
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Labor Economics [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
Karsten Albaek
Spring 2002
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Economics 450: Wages and the Labor Market [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
James Montgomery
This course provides an introduction to labor economics. Students will learn the microeconomic models used by economists to understand the behavior of workers and firms. The course will cover the basics labor demand, labor supply, human capital, wage determination, unions as well as some additional topics including household production, matching, altruism, and bargaining.
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Economics 5411: Special Topics in Labor Economics [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
Mike Shannon
Winter 2001
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
Klara S. Sabirianova
This course introduces workshop participants to the theory and methods of Labor Economics with applications to transition economies.
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Advanced Labor Economics [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
John S. Earle, Yoram Weiss
This course has two main purposes: to expose PhD students to some of the professional research in the field of labour economics, and to provide a foundation for future dissertation research on these and related topics, including with application to the economies of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. Prerequisites for the course include graduate level microeconomics and econometrics; although the course is intended predominantly for PhD students, it is also open to MA students with the permission of the instructors. Relevant theory will be discussed, but the course material also includes applied work that tests or calibrates theories, that evaluates the impact of government policies, or that simply attempts to provide careful description of important labour market phenomena.
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Labor Economics [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
John S. Earle
Autumn 2001
This course has two principal objectives. The first is to introduce students to the field of labor economics, applying microeconomic analysis in order to increase understanding of important social issues and public policies such as poverty, minimum wages, overtime rules, layoff restrictions, education, job safety, discrimination, migration, labor relations, unions and other institutions, unemployment, and income inequality. The second is to apply labor economics to the particular problems of labor markets in transition economies, with the aim of encouraging research in this field.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
Andres Erosa, Luisa Fuster, Diego Restuccia Review of Economic Dynamics. 2002.  Vol. 5. No. 4. P. 856-891. 
A striking observation of the U.S. and other labor markets is the weak position of women in terms of job attachment, employment, and earnings relative to men. We develop a model of fertility and labor market decisions to study the impact of fertility on gender differences in labor turnover, employment, and wages. In our framework, individuals search for jobs and accumulate general (experience) and specific (tenure) human capital when they work. They can also increase their wage by moving to a job of higher quality. Labor market decisions (e.g., job acceptance and job mobility) may differ across genders: females that give birth may decide to interrupt their labor market attachment in order to enjoy the value of staying at home with their children. The model economy is successfully calibrated to match aggregate statistics in terms of fertility, employment, and wages. We find that fertility decisions generate important gender differences in turnover rates, with long lasting effects in employment and wages. These differences in labor turnover account for almost all the U.S. gender wage gap that is attributed to labor market experience by Blau and Kahn (2000, Journal of Labor Economics 15(1), 142). The model also implies a very small role of tenure capital in accounting for wage differences between males and females (gender gap), and between females with and without children (family gap).
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
Devajyoti Deka Journal of Urban Affairs. 2002.  Vol. 24. No. 3/4. P. 333-352. 
In the context of recent welfare reform efforts, researchers have examined strategies for attracting jobs to inner cities, dispersing innercity residents to suburban jobgrowth areas, and creating transportation connections between inner cities and suburban jobgrowth areas. However, little has been done to estimate the extent of potential commute of nonworkers who are expected to become active workers as a result of welfare reform. This study attempts to predict the extent of nonworkers commute by using modeling techniques employed in labor economics. Data from the 1995 Nationwide Transportation Survey are utilized. Conforming to theoretical premises and logical expectations, I estimate that mean commute time of nonworkers is likely to be substantially lower than those currently working. Policy implications of the empirical findings are discussed.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
Carsten-Patrick Meier, Reiner Fehn Kyklos. 2002.  Vol. 54. No. 4. P. 557-590. 
This paper presents a positive model which derives the preferences of entrepreneurs, workers, and investors concerning investor and employment protection. It shows that institutional setups on capital and labor markets might be intertwined by politicoeconomic forces. Multiple politicoeconomic equilibria arise from our model. Some countries especially in continental Europe exhibit a corporatist politicoeconomic equilibrium with a substantial protection of insiders on both, capital and labor markets. The more important money is in political decision-making, the more divided the workforce is, and the more globalized capital markets are, the more likely is a capitalist politicoeconomic equilibrium with little employment and substantial investor protection. Our prediction of a negative crosscountry relationship between different measures of labor market rigidities and of competition on capital markets receives considerable empirical support, thus being potentially important for the current debate concerning structural reforms of labor markets and of corporate governance systems.
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
David G. Blanchflower Journal of the Japanese and International Economies. 2001.  Vol. 15. No. 4. P. 364-402. 
The paper studies the labor markets of 23 transition countries from eastern and central EuropeAlbania, Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, East Germany, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, and Yugoslavia. It uses new micro-data from a large number of surveys on over 200,000 randomly sampled individuals from these countries for the years 19901997. The microeconometric structure of unemployment regression equations in the nations of eastern Europe appears to be similar to the industrialised west. Estimation of east European wage curves produces a local unemployment elasticity of between 0.1 and 0.3. This is somewhat larger in absolute terms than has been found elsewhere. On a variety of attitudinal measures, eastern Europeans said they were less contented than their western European counterparts. The strongest support for the changes that have occurred in eastern Europe is to be found among men, the young, the most educated, students, and the employed and particularly the self-employed. Support for market reforms is particularly low amongst the unemployed who were found to be particularly unhappy on two well-being measures
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Опубликовано на портале: 11-01-2003
James G. Scoville The American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 2002.  Vol. 61. No. 3. P. 713-723. 
Recent events have focused attention on international labor standards, with some special attention being paid to child labor. The diverse forms of child labor are often merged into one: a stereotype of children sewing Nikes, although the situation varies widely from that model. Certain forms of child labor are not substitutable by adult labor; others are more appropriately modeled as a form of apprenticeship. A simple family utility function helps elucidate the reasons. The ultimate purpose of the paper is to challenge the policy ambiguitywe cannot tell whether restrictions on child labor are good or badthat was a result in Basu and Vans earlier (1998) modeling of child labor.
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Labor Economics II [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
Peter McClelland
This course is a graduate level seminar on topics selected from the field of labor economics. The objective of the seminar is to provide the student with a thorough understanding of the issues and methodological approaches to research in labor economics. This knowledge will be acquired through a critical review of the literature. It is hoped that the seminar will generate dissertation topics or further along the development of dissertations already in progress.
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Labour Economics [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
Alan Manning
The aim of this course is to acquaint students with traditional topics in labour economics and to encourage the development of independent research interests. Prerequisites include intermediate microeconomics and econometrics.
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Econ247: Labor Economics II [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
Luigi Pistaferri
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
John M. Abowd Journal of the Japanese and International Economies. 2001.  Vol. 15. No. 4. P. 419-436. 
Using individual data on compensation, matched with establishment and firm data on performance and inputs, authors compare the French and American pay systems. The compensation measures are decomposed into components related to measured individual characteristics, establishment enterprise effects, and a residual.

Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
Robert Vienneau
Colorado: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2001
The LTV is the sound theory that market prices are attracted by prices proportional to the labor time embodied in commodities. In other words, relative prices tend towards relative labor values. The LTV is restricted to the analysis of reproducible commodities that have a use value in a capitalist society. Although the LTV is commonly associated with Classical economics, arguably neither Marx nor any first tier Classical economist accepted the LTV as a valid theory for capitalist economies.
David Ricardo, one of the greatest Classical economists, and Karl Marx thought that their analyses had greater applicability than the special cases in which the LTV is valid as a theory of price. Marx seemed to think that abstract labor time is a common substance in all commodities, while denying that prices tended to be proportional to labor values.
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Опубликовано на портале: 05-01-2003
J.A. Tipton Journal of Bioeconomics. 2001.  Vol. 3. No. 1. P. 51-55. 
In this paper, author explores the way in which Aristotle seems to appeal to certain principles of economicsmost notably, the division and combination of laborin describing and attempting to explain certain biological phenomena. He uses examples recently employed in the bioeconomics literature and discuss how Aristotle uses similar examples in similar ways.