Эксоцман
на главную поиск contacts
Международная экономика является комплексной дисциплиной, изучающей взаимодействие экономических агентов разных стран. Традиционно экономическая дисциплина «Международная экономика» делится на 2 части: международная торговля и международные финансы, однако в раздел науки «Международная экономика» включают также международный бизнес, международные экономические отношения, международная политическая экономия и др. смежные дисциплины. (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 26

Последние поступления:

Опубликовано на портале: 04-05-2010
Александр Ильич Яровой Бизнес.Общество.Власть. 2010.  № 3. С. 92-112. 
Статья посвящена анализу тенденции стимулирования институтами власти практики корпоративной социальной ответственности (КСО). Несмотря на противоречивость данной тенденции ввиду того, что КСО является частной инициативой, современные условия и накопленный опыт убедительно доказывают ее неизбежность. В статье даются ответы на вопросы о причинах такого положения вещей и о том, почему данная тенденция, набирая силу последние десять лет и в России и в ЕС, приводит к разным результатам.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Обновлено: 09-12-2010

Раздел «Экономическое и социальное развитие» официального сайта ООН посвящен политике ООН в области экономического и социального развития. С темой Вы сможете познакомиться прочитав Общий обзор , Наиболее интересные тематические разделы: « Демография »

Опубликовано на портале: 13-02-2007
Gosta Esping-Andersen
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999, 218 с.
The Golden Age of postwar capitalism has been eclipsed, and with it seemingly also the possibility of harmonizing equality and welfare with efficiency and jobs. Most analyses believe that the emerging postindustrial society is overdetermined by massive, convergent forces, such as tertiarization, new technologies, or globalization, all conspiring to make welfare states unsustainable in the future. Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies takes a second, more sociological and more institutional, look at the driving forces of economic transformation. What, as a result, stands out is postindustrial diversity, not convergence. Macroscopic, global trends are undoubtedly powerful, yet their influence is easily rivalled by domestic institutional traditions, by the kind of welfare regime that, some generations ago, was put in place. It is, however, especially the family economy that hold the key as to what kind of postindustrial model will emerge, and to how evolving tradeoffs will be managed. Twentieth-century economic analysis depended on a set of sociological assumptions that, now, are invalid. Hence, to better grasp what drives today's economy, we must begin with its social foundations.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 12-02-2007
Klaus J. Hopt, Patrick C. Leyens ECGI - Law Working Paper. 2004.  No. 18.
The struggle for efficient internal management control is the centre of the corporate governance debate in Europe since the incorporation of the Dutch Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie in 1602. Recent developments in Europe illustrate a trend towards specialised rules for listed companies and indicate growing convergence of internal control mechanisms independent of board structure. The revised Combined Code in the United Kingdom and also the French revised Principles of Corporate Governance, both of 2003, strengthen the presence of independent directors on one-tier boards in Europe. Another systemic break-through for the two-tier board model is the growing tendency to separate the positions of CEO and board chairman. For the German two-tier structure, the strengthening of the strategic role of the supervisory board (Aufsichtsrat) by the new German Corporate Governance Code of 2002 means an attempt to incorporate a key advantage of the one-tier model. Similarly, the control duties of the Italian internal auditing committee (collegio sindacale) were extended by the Testo Unico of 1998 and bring the Italian second board closer to the German supervisory board. The common trend to stricter standards of independence is challenged in Germany by its rigid concept of co-determination and, to a lesser extent, by the more fl exible model of labour participation in France. Director’s duties and liabilities and also derivative actions are a focus of the reform debate in Germany since 1998 and are currently under review in the United Kingdom. After the Enron debacle the interplay between internal control devices and independent external auditing has become a major focus of interest in all countries considered. Driven by Anglo-Saxon codes of conduct audit committees today serve as a common denominator for good corporate governance. Though formal convergence is strong company organs in each country take on their own specifi c garment. Path dependent system development especially depends on shareholder structures and banking systems. The trend to greater structural fl exibility on board level is strongly triggered by the introduction of a threefold board model choice under the French Loi Nouvelle Régulations Economique of 2001 and under the Italian Vietti-Reform that is in force since January 2004.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2007
David Coates
Cambridge: Polity Press, 2000, 320 с.
The contemporary debate on economic policy is dominated by the issue of 'which model of capitalism works best'. Which model/models worked best in the past? Which, if any, will work best in the future? This wide-ranging and ambitious study offers the first systematic and multi-disciplinary answer to these key questions. Focusing on the US, UK, Japanese, German and Swedish economies, it documents the degree to which the postwar performance of each was affected by the strength of labour movements, the quality of education and training, the dominance of particular cultural systems, the organization of industry and finance, and the role of the state. In so doing, it effectively challenges prevailing orthodoxies on how capitalist economies function, and demonstrates the inadequacy of existing policy mixes.Wide ranging in its scholarship and radical in its argument, Models of Capitalism brings the story of each leading economy up to the new millennium and into the age of global capital. It explores the impact of globalization on each model in turn, and explains the diminution in labour rights and working conditions which is now evident in all of them. Breaking down the barriers between social science disciplines and written in a style accessible to the general reader, this study is destined to become a major point of reference for those seeking civilized ways of organizing economic activity in the twenty-first century.This book is suitable for second- and third-year undergraduate students and postgraduate scholars in political science, economics, management studies and sociology, including those pursuing courses on political economy, industrial relations and trade unions.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006
Mary O'Sullivan
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001, 346 с.
During the 1990s, corporate governance became a hot issue in all of the advanced economies. For decades, major business corporations had reinvested earnings and developed long-term relations with their labour forces as they expanded the scale and scope of their operations. As a result, these corporations had made themselves central to resource allocation and economic performance in the national economies in which they had evolved. Then, beginning in the 1980s and picking up momentum in the 1990s, came the contests for corporate control. Previously silent stockholders, now empowered by institutional investors, demanded that corporations be run to 'maximize shareholder value'. In the United States many, if not most, top corporate executives have now embraced this ideology. In this highly original book, Mary O'Sullivan provides a critical analysis of the theoretical foundations for the shareholder value principle of corporate governance and for the alternative perspective that corporations should be run in the interests of 'stakeholders'. She embeds her arguments on the relation between corporate governance and economic performance in historical accounts of the dynamics of corporate growth in the United States and Germany over the course of the twentieth century. O'Sullivan explains the emergence and consequences of 'maximizing shareholder value' as a principle of corporate governance in the United States over the past two decades, and provides unique insights into the contests for corporate control that have unfolded in Germany over the past few years.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006
R.C. Mascarenhas
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002, 256 с.
This comparative study of industrial capitalism is an examination of state-economy relations in mixed economies ranging from the interventionist German and Japanese to the less interventionist Anglo-American. Following the postwar consensus that resulted in the 'golden age' (1950-1973) and ended with the energy crisis, the Anglo-American economies adopted neoliberalism while Germany and Japan remained interventionist. This resulted in the emergence of national types of capitalism. While analyzing the increased competition between them, R.C.Mascarenhas also notes the influence of globalization as well as 'alternative capitalism' with the survival and re-emergence of industrial districts.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006
Ред.: Pepper D. Culpepper, Peter A. Hall, Bruno Palier
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, cерия "French Politics, Society and Culture", 336 с.
How do European states adjust to international markets? Why do French governments of both left and right face a crisis of public confidence? In this book, leading experts on France chart the dramatic changes that have taken place in its polity, economy and society since the 1980s and develop an analysis of social change relevant to all democracies. Exploring immigration, industrial relations, generational conflict, and politics, they find the roots of discontent in the transformation of a society exemplifying a 'new' Europe.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006
Ред.: Jan P. Krahnen, Reinhard H. Schmidt
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004, 550 с.
This book is both a reference book on Germany's financial system and a contribution to the economic debate about its status at the beginning of the twenty-first century. In giving a comprehensive account of the many facets of the system, it covers corporate governance, relationship lending, stock market development, investor protection, the venture capital industry, and the accounting system, and reports on monetary transmission and the credit channel, regulation and banking competition, the insurance and investment industry, and mergers and acquisitions. Special chapters at the beginning and at the end of the book adopt the financial system perspective, analysing the mutual fit of different features of the financial system; and each of the fifteen chapters addresses particular myths that surround it. The book is invaluable for those who want to understand the German economy and its financial system, promising not only a compilation of facts and statistics on Germany's financial markets and institutions, but also an analysis of its current structure and the determinants of its future development.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006
Ред.: Wolfgang Streeck, Kathleen Thelen
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, 320 с.
Debates surrounding institutional change have become increasingly central to Political Science, Management Studies, and Sociology, opposing the role of globalization in bringing about a convergence of national economies and institutions on one model to theories about 'Varieties of Capitalism'. This book brings together a distinguished set of contributors from a variety of disciplines to examine current theories of institutional change. The chapters highlight the limitations of these theories, finding them lacking in the analytic tools necessary to identify the changes occurring at a national level, and therefore tend to explain many changes and innovation as simply another version of previous situations. Instead a model emerges of contemporary political economies developing in incremental but cumulatively transformative processes. The contributors show that a wide, but not infinite, variety of models of institutional change exist which can meaningfully distinguished and analytically compared. They offer an empirically grounded typology of modes of institutional change that offer important insights on mechanisms of social and political stability, and evolution generally. Beyond Continuity provides a more complex and fundamental understanding of institutional change, and will be important reading for academics, researchers, and advanced students of Political Science, Management Studies, Sociology, and Economics.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006
Bob Hancke
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002, 232 с.
A new firm-centred perspective on the French political economy Analysis of economic readjustment in France 1980-2000 Contains a critique of the conventional perspectives on the relationship between state, economy, and society Case studies include Renault, EDF, Moulinex, and SNCF Between 1980 and 1985, the French economy and industry faced a dramatic crisis; in the ten years that followed, it witnessed a remarkable revival. How did the French economy make this transition? While the state is still an important economic agent in France, and the market certainly has become more central in the organization of the French economy, both state- and market-centered perspectives fail to understand critical elements of this adjustment. Building on the new Varieties of Capitalism approach in political economy which puts firms at the center of the analysis, this book argues that the post-war, state-led system changed into a system organized by and around the large firms. Large firms have always been central in the French post-war economic development model. In the past, however, they adapted to patterns set by the central state. By exploiting the possibilities in government policies in different areas such as finance, labour relations, and regional policies, the large firms were able to induce their main interlocutors - the state, banks, labour unions, workers, and small firms - to adjust in a way which was congruent with their own interests. From subservient economic agents, they became the drivers of economic adjustment. Through this case study of readjustment in France, this book offers a subtle critique of neo-institutionalist perspectives on firms. Institutional frameworks do not simply offer scenarios for adjustment, but are themselves constructions of economic and political actors and therefore subject to change and reorganization. By analysing how large firms in France, arguably one of the least likely places to harbour such endogenous capacities, changed their institutional environment to fit their own needs, this book offers an important new perspective on the political economy of industrial and economic change.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006
Vivien A. Schmidt
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006, 372 с.
In this path-breaking book, the author argues that European countries' political-economic policies, practices, and discourses have changed profoundly in response to globalization and Europeanization, but they have not converged. Although national policies may now be more similar, especially where they follow from common European policies, they are not the same. National practices, although moving in the same general direction toward greater market orientation, continue to be differentiable into not just one or even two but three varieties of capitalism. And national discourses that generate and legitimate changes in policies and practices not only remain distinct, they matter. The book is a tour de force which combines sophisticated theoretical insights and innovative methods to show that European countries generally, but in particular Britain, France, and Germany (for which the book provides lengthy case studies), have had very different experiences of economic adjustment, and will continue to do so into the future.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2006
Mari Sako
Oxford: Open University Press, 2006, 320 с.
All firms wrestle with restructuring, involving consolidation of mergers and acquisitions on the one hand, and fragmentation through outsourcing and spin-offs on the other. Through an in-depth investigation into the organizational strategies of Japanese corporate management and union leaders in Japan, Mari Sako explores the issue of 'organizational boundaries' that arises from such restructuring. Examining the strategy and structure of both businesses and trade unions, the book draws upon empirical evidence drawn from interviews conducted at Toyota and Matsushita and their respective unions. It examines their respective strategies in coping with organizational boundaries against the backdrop of changing labour markets, and, in the process, challenges widely held notions about Japanese corporate and union structures. Mari Sako goes on to explore the implications of these relationships in other advanced industrial countries for corporate restructuring, jobs, and labour market flexibility.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006
Ред.: John B. Kidd, Frank-Jurgen Richter
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, 280 с.
Development Models, Globalization and Economies compares and critiques the different economic models available in today's global market place. The US or Anglo-Saxon model is often portrayed as the best, yet Europe has a well-known Social Model, and Asia has enjoyed success in the past wherein the 'Asian Economic Miracle' was highly vaunted before their crash. But now Asia, especially China, is again on a roll. The book analyzes how these models have influenced both regional and global development, and finally engages in discussions upon alternatives and the search for the 'grail'.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006
Ред.: Glenn D. Hook, Harukiyo Hasegawa
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, cерия "The Palgrave Macmillan Asian Business Series", 328 с.
No-one can doubt the need for us to better understand the Japanese response to globalization, given the country's increasingly important role in politics/security and economy/business. This is a timely and cutting-edge analysis and evaluation of Japanese responses to globalization by leading Japanese scholars. It consists of a three dimensional structure which links issues of politics/security and economy/business, at both internal and external levels, thus shedding light on Japan's globalization in its totality. It is a valuable contribution to explicating the meaning of the positive and negative consequences of Japan's globalization over the long term.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 21-12-2006
Georg Menz
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005, 304 с.
Europeanization has often been conceived as a top-down process, necessitating implementation and adjustment at the national level. However, Europeanization can also be conditioned by bottom-up national initiatives. While recent endeavors in comparative political economy have emphasized the resilience of coordinated market economies, few detailed empirical studies have examined to date exactly how different European systems of political-economic governance cope with and respond to an European impetus for liberalization. This original study of the impact of the EU-induced liberalization of service provision on member states argues that innovative national re-regulatory strategies may be implemented in response to Europeanization. In permitting any company registered in an EU member state to provide services throughout Europe, new possibilities were created for the transnational posting of workers from low-wage to high-wage countries. However, high-wage countries could re-regulate the wage levels applicable to such employees. The exact nature of such response strategy is coloured by the respective institutional power that labour market interest associations like trade unions and employer associations command. Therefore, different institutionalised varieties of capitalism generate distinct re-regulations of the Single European Market.
Drawing on detailed case studies of ten European countries, this volume bridges the gap between the rapidly unfolding scholarly debate on Europeanization and varieties of capitalism. It argues that both strongly neocorporatist systems of political-economic governance and statist systems are capable of creating swift, comprehensive and thorough national re-regulations. This applies to Austria and France, but also Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Finland, Belgium, and Luxembourg. By contrast, countries with less strongly embedded neocorporatist structures, in which due to organizational deficiencies trade unions face difficulties blocking employer demands, create liberal response strategies, permitting a stratification of wage levels. Hence, both Germany and the Netherlands implemented liberal business-friendly re-regulations.
The volume makes the case for important amendments to existing accounts of Europeanization and varieties of capitalism. Scholars of Europeanization need to incorporate bottom-up re-regulation into their conceptual framework, particularly in response to 'negative integration'. Recent strides in comparative political economy have placed great emphasis on continued divergence, yet this study suggests that even within the presumably unified group of 'non-liberal' coordinated market economies important institutional differences produce very distinct responses in the face of European liberalization.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 20-12-2006
Hiroshi Okumura
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2000, cерия "Classics in the History and Development of Economics", 232 с.
In characterising the Japanese way of business, Professor Okumura has made one of the most significant contributions to the study of economics. Following his study of the conversion of prewar zaibatsu to postwar groups of enterprises, he worked on the roll of comprehensive trading companies in these groups, the main banking system and the permanent employment system. However, he is very critical of this way of business, whereas those influenced by him are enthusiastic in its appreciation. This is the first English translation of his work.
ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 20-12-2006
Paul Marginson, Keith Sisson
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004, 384 с.
This book comprehensively analyzes the impact of continuing European integration on industrial relations institutions and outcomes. It organizes an immensely rich body of theoretical and empirical material to sustain its core argument that the governance of industrial relations is increasingly multi-level. Cross-national influences are shown to mix with national ones and involve the European sector and company, as well as Community, levels. Competing tendencies towards 'Europeanization', 'Americanization' and 'Re-nationalization' are identified. The approach is multi-disciplinary and truly cross-national. It deals with both the theory and practice of industrial relations in contemporary Europe.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 11-12-2006
Внешнеэкономические связи. 2005.  Т. 14. № 2. С. 38-41. 
В статье рассказывается о новой стратегической программе Европейского Союза, предусматривающую ускорение экономического роста и увеличение числа рабочих мест. Программа направлена на оживление так называемого Лиссабонского плана действий - программы экономических реформ в ЕС, проводимых с 2000 года.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Matthew Allen
London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, cерия "New Perspectives in German Studies", 184 с.
How do the environments, in which businesses operate, condition their success or failure? Such questions have long been of interest in the fields of business, economics and politics. They have gained in importance as a result of heightened competitive pressures associated with 'globalization'. Whilst some see certain institutions as burdens, others see them as a blessing. This book thoroughly examines the main claims of the most important contribution - the Varieties of Capitalism paradigm - to this debate in recent years.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)