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Международная экономика является комплексной дисциплиной, изучающей взаимодействие экономических агентов разных стран. Традиционно экономическая дисциплина «Международная экономика» делится на 2 части: международная торговля и международные финансы, однако в раздел науки «Международная экономика» включают также международный бизнес, международные экономические отношения, международная политическая экономия и др. смежные дисциплины. (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 35

Последние поступления:

Опубликовано на портале: 08-12-2011
Алиса Романовна Шишкина, Леонид Маркович Исаев
Москва: Едиториал УРСС, 2012, 112 с.
Настоящая книга предлагает читателю познакомиться с самым, пожалуй, неожиданным событием 2011 года во всем мире - революцией в Арабской Республике Египет (АРЕ), приведшей к отставке президента Хосни Мубарака. Детально излагаются предпосылки антиправительственных выступлений, подробно описывается ход революционных событий, в том числе дана оценка роли интернет-ресурсов Facebook и Twitter как мобилизирующего фактора. В книге обозначены группы рисков политической нестабильности в АРЕ, представлен анализ их целей и ожидаемых результатов. Особое внимание уделено послереволюционному политическому развитию страны: рассмотрены результаты мартовского референдума, проанализированы принятые поправки к Конституции.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2010
Лю Кселин, Наннан Лундин Форсайт. 2007.  Т. 1. № 4. С. 20-31. 
Стремительный рост экономики Китая в последние два с лишним десятилетия – естественное следствие эффективной политики государства по ее трансформации в открытую и рыночную форму. Аналогичные изменения претерпела и инновационная система. Основной упор сделан на сотрудничество науки и бизнеса, коммерциализацию научных исследований. Как результат - деятельность отдельных высокотехнологичных компаний Китая уже обрела глобальные масштабы, а сам Китай стал чрезвычайно привлекательным местом для размещения производств и исследовательских центров зарубежными транснациональными компаниями.
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Опубликовано на портале: 10-04-2009
Светлана Юрьевна Барсукова TERRA ECONOMICUS. 2009.  Т. 7. № 1. С. 142-149. 
Рецензия на книгу Linking the Formal and Informal Economy: Concepts and Policies / edited by B.Guha-Khasnobis, R.Kanbur, E.Ostrom. Oxford university press. 2006. – 294 р. ISNB 0-19-920476-4
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2007
Alex Segura-Ubiergo, Alejandro Simone, Sanjeev Gupta IMF, Working Paper. 2006.  No. 06/244.
This paper analyzes the relationship between fiscal adjustment and real GDP growth in a panel of 26 transition economies during 1992–2001. Unlike most previous studies using cross-country regressions, the paper finds a positive and statistically significant relationship between fiscal adjustment and growth that is robust to different model specifications and estimation methods. The paper also presents country experiences to delve deeper into the mechanisms that may underlie this statistical relationship.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2007
Horst Siebert Kiel Working Papers. 2006.  No. 1280.
This paper answers the question which developing countries have gained and which have lost in the international division of labor during the last thirty years. The indicators used are GDP per capita in constant purchasing power parity and relative distance to the United States. Nearly all developing countries have improved in absolute terms over the last thirty years; many, among them China and India with large populations, have also reduced their relative distance to the United States. The paper classifies developing countries and discusses impediments to economic development and core elements of a growth strategy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2007
Gabriel Di Bella, Mark Lewis, Aurelie Martin IMF ,Working Paper. 2007.  No. 07/201.
Assessing a country's competitiveness routinely starts with an analysis of the real exchange rate. However, in low-income countries, empirical analysis of the real exchange rate is often subject to important limitations that seriously weaken the results. This paper summarizes the methodologies used to assess real exchange rate misalignments and discusses the range of obstacles common to low-income countries. Recognizing the importance of using a wide range of indicators for assessing competitiveness in low-income countries, the paper discusses alternative competitive measures and then proposes a template of indicators to allow for a systematic assessment of competitiveness in low-income countries. The template is then used to rank countries according to their competitiveness performance in 2006.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2007
Felix Hammermann, Mark J. Flanagan IMF ,Working Paper. 2007.  No. 07/189.
Panel estimates based on 19 transition economies suggests that some central banks may aim at comparatively high inflation rates mainly to make up for, and to perhaps exploit, lagging internal and external liberalization in their economies. Out-of-sample forecasts, based on expected developments in the underlying structure of these economies, and assuming no changes in institutions, suggest that incentives may be diminishing, but not to the point where inflation levels below 5 percent could credibly be announced as targets. Greater economic liberalization would help reduce incentives for higher inflation, and enhancements to central bank independence could help shield these central banks from pressures.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-11-2007
Elizabeth Gallagher
Изд-во: Princeton University Press, 2007, 256 с.
One of the core assumptions of recent American foreign policy is that China's post-1978 policy of "reform and openness" will lead to political liberalization. This book challenges that assumption and the general relationship between economic liberalization and democratization. Moreover, it analyzes the effect of foreign direct investment (FDI) liberalization on Chinese labor politics. Market reforms and increased integration with the global economy have brought about unprecedented economic growth and social change in China during the last quarter of a century. Contagious Capitalism contends that FDI liberalization played several roles in the process of China's reforms. First, it placed competitive pressure on the state sector to produce more efficiently, thus necessitating new labor practices. Second, it allowed difficult and politically sensitive labor reforms to be extended to other parts of the economy. Third, it caused a reformulation of one of the key ideological debates of reforming socialism: the relative importance of public industry. China's growing integration with the global economy through FDI led to a new focus of debate--away from the public vs. private industry dichotomy and toward a nationalist concern for the fate of Chinese industry. In comparing China with other Eastern European and Asian economies, two important considerations come into play, the book argues: China's pattern of ownership diversification and China's mode of integration into the global economy. This book relates these two factors to the success of economic change without political liberalization and addresses the way FDI liberalization has affected relations between workers and the ruling Communist Party. Its conclusion: reform and openness in this context resulted in a strengthened Chinese state, a weakened civil society (especially labor), and a delay in political liberalization. Mary Elizabeth Gallagher is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. She is also a faculty associate of the Center for Chinese Studies and the Institute for Labor and Industrial Relations.
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Опубликовано на портале: 14-08-2007
Adam Szirmai
Изд-во: Cambridge University Press, 2005, 744 с.
Why are poor countries poor and rich countries rich? How are wealth and poverty related to changes in nutrition, health, life expectancy, education, population growth and politics? This modern, non-technical introduction to development studies explores the dynamics of socio-economic development and stagnation in developing countries. Taking a quantitative and comparative approach to contemporary debates within their broader context, Szirmai examines historical, institutional, demographic, sociological, political and cultural factors. Key chapters focus on economic growth, technological change, industrialisation, agricultural development, and consider social dimensions such as population growth, health and education. Each chapter contains comparative statistics on trends from a sample of twenty-nine developing countries. This rich statistical database allows students to strengthen their understanding of comparative development experiences. Assuming no prior knowledge of economics the book is suited for use in inter-disciplinary development studies programmes as well as economics courses, and will also interest practitioners pursuing careers in developing countries. A multidisciplinary approach drawing on a wide range of disciplines including economics, history, sociology, anthropology, demography and political science. Easily accessible for students with no prior knowledge of the field; it also exposes more advanced students to the latest state of ongoing theoretical and empirical debates on developmen. Rich statistical analysis of data from twenty-nine developing countries includes 75 tables with comparative time series on development indicators.
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Опубликовано на портале: 10-08-2007
Samuel Munzele Maimbo, Richard Adams, Nikos Passas, Reena Aggarwal
Изд-во: The World Bank, 2005, 83 с.
According to a recent World Bank study of remittances, Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka are all among the top 20 receivers of remittances, with estimated receipts of US$3.2 billion, US$8.4 billion and U.S$ 1.5 billion respectively.

"Migrant Labor Remittances in South Asia" identifies and discusses the key issues affecting the remittance industry in South Asia. It examines the development and implementation of policies, processes, and infrastructure to foster a development-oriented transfer of financial resources between migrants in developed economies and their families in the region. Rather than duplicate previous remittances work, this title only focuses on the region's distinguishing characteristics, namely:
a large migrant population of semi-skilled and unskilled workers largely concentrated in the Arabian Gulf countries, particularly Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates the presence of dedicated public institutions and government financial incentives aimed at facilitating and providing incentives for temporary migration and remittance inflows the existence of large state bank branch networks with immense potential for a more effective and efficient remittance financial market the widespread usage of trade related informal remittance channels by both legal and illegal migrants.

The book is intended for policymakers who legislate and regulate the financial sector, as well as for researchers and providers of remittance services.
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Опубликовано на портале: 16-04-2007
Jae-Seung Baek, Jun-Koo Kang, Kyung Suh Park Journal of Financial Economics. 2004.  Vol. 71. No. 2. P. 265-313. 
We show that during the 1997 Korean financial crisis, chaebol firms with higher ownership concentration by unaffiliated investors experience a smaller reduction in their share value. Firms with higher disclosure quality and alternative sources of external financing also suffer less. In contrast, chaebol firms with concentrated ownership by controlling family shareholders experience a larger drop in the value of their equity. Firms in which the controlling shareholders' voting rights exceed their cash flow rights, borrow more from the main banks, and are highly diversified also have lower returns. Finally, we find that downsizing (diversifying expansionary) actions during the crisis have a positive (negative) effect on the value of chaebol firms. Our results suggest that change in firm value during such a crisis is a function of firm-level differences in corporate governance measures and owner-manager incentives.
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Опубликовано на портале: 16-04-2007
Bernard S. Black, Hasung Jang, Woochan Kim Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization. 2006.  Vol. 22. No. 2. P. 366-413. 
We report strong OLS and instrumental variable evidence that an overall corporate governance index is an important and likely causal factor in explaining the market value of Korean public companies. We construct a corporate governance index (KCGI, 0~100) for 515 Korean companies based on a 2001 Korea Stock Exchange survey. In OLS, a worst-to-best change in KCGI predicts a 0.47 increase in Tobin's q (about a 160% increase in share price). This effect is statistically strong (t = 6.12) and robust to choice of market value variable (Tobin's q, market/book, and market/sales), specification of the governance index, and inclusion of extensive control variables. We rely on unique features of Korean legal rules to construct an instrument for KCGI. Good instruments are not available in other comparable studies. Two-stage and three-stage least squares coefficients are larger than OLS coefficients and are highly significant. Thus, this paper offers evidence consistent with a causal relationship between an overall governance index and higher share prices in emerging markets. We also find that Korean firms with 50% outside directors have 0.13 higher Tobin's q (roughly 40% higher share price), after controlling for the rest of KCGI. This effect, too, is likely causal. Thus, we report the first evidence consistent with greater board independence causally predicting higher share prices in emerging markets.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-03-2007
В представленной публикации автор анализирует некоторые узловые проблемы экономического развития Чили. В книге предлагаются наблюдения по ряду наиболее интересных экономических тем: о роли государства в чилийских преобразованиях; о политике стимулирования накопления капитала; о месте иностранных инвестиций в экономическом развитии; о частнособственническом компоненте в социальной реформе и создании частных пенсионных фондов; о механизмах реализации “радикально открытой” чилийской внешнеэкономической модели; о роли этического начала в экономике и борьбе с коррупцией. Публикации МНФ по установившейся традиции ориентированы прежде всего на лиц, принимающих решения. Поэтому все работы основаны на глубоком и тщательном научном анализе, но вместе с тем свободны от излишнего академизма. "Экономный" стиль изложения, со справочными элементами, — характерные черты давно отработанного и хорошо зарекомендовавшего себя формата "доклада высшему руководству" ("executive report") одна из главных задач которого — "уплотнение информации во времени". Наличие статистического материала и широких сопоставлений делает доклад полезным в практической работе.
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Обновлено: 09-12-2010

Африканский Фонд развития создан в 1972 году как государственное агентство США для оказания содействия Африканскому банку развития в финансировании промышленных и сельскохозяйственных проектов на территории африканских стран, а также улучшению их инфраструктуры. На главной

Обновлено: 09-12-2010

Раздел «Экономическое и социальное развитие» официального сайта ООН посвящен политике ООН в области экономического и социального развития. С темой Вы сможете познакомиться прочитав Общий обзор , Наиболее интересные тематические разделы: « Демография »

Опубликовано на портале: 13-02-2007
Charles P. Oman OECD Working Papers. 2001.  No. 180.
Corporate governance matters for national development. Case studies of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, India, Malaysia and South Africa suggest that it has a role of growing importance to play in helping to increase the flow of financial capital to firms in developing countries. Equally important are the potential benefits of improved corporate governance for overcoming barriers, including the actions of vested interest groups, to achieving sustained productivity growth. Improved corporate governance, however, cannot be considered in isolation. In the financial sector, attention must also be given to measures to strengthen the banking sector, and a country’s financial institutions as a whole. In the “real” sector, close attention must be given to competition policy and sector–specific regulatory reform. Forces working in favour of improved corporate governance in developing countries include those operating both on the demand and on the supply side of domestic and international portfolio equity flows to corporations in those countries. Forces working against significantly improved corporate governance (which may nonetheless give lip service to the need for such improvement) include many dominant shareholders and other corporate insiders — in the private and public sectors — in entrenched distributional cartels. The heightened risk of regulatory capture in countries with clientelistic relationship–based (as opposed to rules–based) systems of governance reinforces the fact that good corporate governance requires good political governance, and vice–versa.
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Опубликовано на портале: 12-02-2007
Varouj Aivazian, Ying Ge, Jiaping Qiu Journal of Banking & Finance. 2005.  No. 29. P. 1459-1481. 
This paper examines empirically the quality of the governance mechanisms of Chinese state-owned enterprises from 1994–1999, a period marked by substantial changes in policies affecting the governance structure of these firms. It shows that the restructuring of these enterprises according to corporate law improved the effectiveness of their governance system. Specifically, restructuring strengthened the links between manager turnover and firm performance. The results indicate that firm performance was significantly and negatively related to manager demotion for incorporated state-owned enterprises, while this relationship was insignificant for unincorporated enterprises. They also indicate that manager turnover was a viable incentive mechanism for improving future enterprise performance.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-12-2006
Todd Moss
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003, 224 с.
Sub-Saharan Africa, the poorest and least integrated region of the world, now has fifteen stock markets. Adventure Capitalism examines the economic and political forces behind this trend and discusses the potential consequences of financial market integration for developing countries. Using a political economy approach, it finds that financial globalization presents a formidable challenge for African policymakers, but is also an opportunity with a range of benefits.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-12-2006
Ред.: Ananya Mukherjee Reed
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006, cерия "International Studies in Demography", 216 с.
This volume presents a comparative and comprehensive discussion of corporate economies in South Asia today. It approaches the theme from a socio-historical perspective that examines corporate economies in relation to the state, state formation, globalization and economic reforms and the nature of corporate ownership. It also looks at some of South Asia's well-known but inadequately understood institutions such as caste, thus questioning some major tenets of the conventional wisdom that shape our thinking about contemporary Asia.
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Опубликовано на портале: 20-12-2006
Ред.: Ian Holliday, Paul Wilding
New-York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003, 224 с.
Social Policy has been a key dimension of dynamic economic growth in East Asia's 'little tigers' and is also a prominent strand of their responses to the financial crisis of the late 1990s. This systematic comparative analysis of social policy in the region focuses on the key sectors of education, health, housing and social security. It sets these sectoral analyses in wider contexts of debates about developmental states, the East Asian welfare model and globalization.
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