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Международная экономика является комплексной дисциплиной, изучающей взаимодействие экономических агентов разных стран. Традиционно экономическая дисциплина «Международная экономика» делится на 2 части: международная торговля и международные финансы, однако в раздел науки «Международная экономика» включают также международный бизнес, международные экономические отношения, международная политическая экономия и др. смежные дисциплины. (подробнее...)
Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 321

Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2007
Elias G. Kazarian IMF, Working Paper. 2006.  No. 06/241.
This paper examines the impact of ongoing cross-border integration of securities market infrastructure in the European Union. In particular, it analyzes the regulatory framework that has evolved to deal with the risks associated with cross-border clearing and settlement and concludes that, due to institutionalized deficiencies, the current cross-border regulatory framework may not be adequate or effective in addressing and preventing a real cross-border crisis. The paper proposes a two-tier regulatory framework for securities infrastructure in Europe entailing the creation of a centralized “federal” European regulatory framework for regional systems, in addition to the current national regulatory framework for domestic systems.
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Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2007
Selim Elekdag IMF ,Working Paper. 2006.  No. 06/239.
The main objective of this paper is to quantify the relationship between the global economic environment and the number of Stand-By Arrangements (SBAs). The results suggest that oil prices, world interest rates, and the global business cycle are the most influential indicators that affect the number of SBAs being requested. In addition, the empirical model seems to have reasonable accuracy when predicting SBAs. Furthermore, when oil prices, interest rates, and the global business cycle are adversely shocked by one standard deviation, the conditional probability of a SBA nearly doubles, implying an increase from about six to 12 SBAs. More critically, the model suggests that even a steady deterioration of the global economic climate would imply increasingly harsher conditions for developing and emerging market countries which may in turn significantly increase the demand for IMF resources.
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Опубликовано на портале: 17-12-2007
Anthony Elson World Economics Journal. 2007.  Vol. 8. No. 2. P. 65-95. 
Reform of the IMF and World Bank has been the focus of discussion since the middle of the last decade when efforts began to adapt the two institutions to deal with new problems of financial globalization associated with a series of financial crises among emerging markets. What began as a mainly “top-down” approach to institutional reform led by the major industrial countries has been broadened to a more comprehensive assessment of the role of the two Bretton Woods institutions in the international economic system, partly in response to “bottom up” pressures from international NGOs and other external stakeholders. Improvements have been made in the role of the two institutions in crisis prevention and crisis management, but a number of other important reforms have been under active debate and require implementation. Most importantly, changes in the governance structure of the Bank and Fund are required to restore the legitimacy and effectiveness of these institutions in the international system.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2007
Ralph Chami, Sunil Sharma, Ilhyock Shim Discussion Paper. 2007.  No. 2007-26.
The paper shows that an IMF-like coinsurance arrangement among countries can play a useful role in the global financial system. The operation of the coinsurance arrangement is examined under different loan contracts. It shows that, if the IMFґs objective is to safeguard its resources and be concerned about the welfare of the borrower, an ex ante loan contract is more likely to create the right incentives than an ex post loan contract. Such contracts highlight the need for precommitment to contend with the Samaritanґs dilemma and time inconsistency, and state-contingent repayment schemes to deal with King Learґs dilemma.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2007
Patrick A. Imam IMF ,Working Paper. 2007. 
We analyze the effect of IMF programs on economic agents' expectations about the economy in transitional countries using survey data from the Central and Eastern Eurobarometer poll, an annual general public survey monitoring the evolution of public opinion from 1990 to 1997. Previous studies, in contrast, have looked at indirect measures, such as capital flows or yield spreads, to assess the impact of IMF programs on economic expectations. Using a multinomial probit model, we find that IMF loans appear to have a strong effect on agent expectations in the early years, through the inflow of real money, and through the signaling effect. IMF programs during periods of collapsing growth appear to reinforce underlying expectations for the future; they are associated with positive expectations for those with an optimistic outlook and negative expectations for those with a negative outlook. Once recovery is underway, and economic uncertainty diminishes, it appears that IMF programs cease to have a statistically significant effect on the expectations of economic agents. This suggests that IMF programs have the biggest impact on expectations during periods of great uncertainty and less of an impact when countries are subject to minor shocks.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2007
Edda Zoli IMF, Working Paper. 2007. 
This paper assesses the status of financial development in Emerging Europe, analyzes the factors that have shaped it, and discusses policy priorities. Financial development has progressed to varying degrees across the region. Macroeconomic stability and institutional quality have been important factors. Going forward, the EU integration process is likely to propel further reforms and shape financial development in EU members. In non-EU emerging economies the focus should be on maintaining macroeconomic stability and strengthening law enforceability. Creating a well-functioning government securities market, reinforcing corporate governance and creditor rights protection, and promoting the emergence of institutional investors would be beneficial.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2007
Lev Ratnovski, Aditya Narain IMF ,Working Paper. 2007.  No. 07/227.
While public financial institutions (such as public development banks) are commonly associated with developing countries, in fact they are prevalent in the developed world as well. We study a sample of public financial institutions in industrialized countries and identify dominant trends in their organization and oversight. While practices in developed countries may be a useful reference point, a more nuanced approach, accounting for the disparity of institutional environment, regulatory capacity, and government accountability and effectiveness, may be required in developing countries. Further investment in the accumulation of evidence and formulation of best practices in the organization and oversight of public financial institutions seems warranted and necessary. This paper was prepared while Mr. Ratnovski was working in the Financial Supervision and Regulation Division during January-April 2006. The authors are grateful to Jonathan Fiechter, David Marston, and participants of an MCM seminar in April 2006 for their helpful comments.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2007
Tamim Bayoumi, Andrew Swiston IMF ,Working Paper. 2007.  No. 07/182.
VARs of real growth since 1970 are used to estimate spillovers between the U.S., euro area, Japan, and an aggregate of small industrial countries, which proxies for global shocks. U.S. and global shocks generate significant spillovers, while those from the euro area and Japan are small. This paper also calculates the standard errors of impulse-response functions including uncertainty over the proper Cholesky ordering. Extensions adding real net exports, commodity prices, and financial variables indicate that financial effects dominate spillovers. The results by subperiod underline the importance of the great moderation in U.S. output fluctuations and associated financial stability in lowering output volatility elsewhere.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2007
W. Christopher Walker, Maria Teresa Punzi IMF, Working Paper. 2007.  No. 07/177.
This paper analyzes the determinants of bond flows, now the dominant source of capital inflows, into the United States, as a means of establishing conditions affecting the financing of the U.S. current account deficit. To test the hypothesis that capital flows have become more responsive to changes in relative interest rates and other conditions across borders, a panel data set, showing bond flows from 12 separate jurisdictions into the United States, is constructed for the period 1994-2006 using adjusted U.S. Treasury International Capital Flow (TIC) data. Panel vector autoregression and instrumental variables approaches are used to estimate the impact of changes in interest rate differentials and other fundamentals on capital flows into the U.S. The paper finds evidence for an impact from interest rate differentials to bond inflows that has increased over time. Under one plausible set of theoretical assumptions, the increased sensitivity can be interpreted as resulting from a reduction in home bias on the part of non-US investors.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2007
Даниил Валерьевич Алгульян, Е.П. Бажанов, Владимир Георгиевич Барановский
Москва: Российская политическая энциклопедия (РОССПЭН), 1999, 583 с.
В учебнике рассматриваются особенности формирования современной системы международных отношений, региональные проблемы, а также роль и место Российской Федерации, других стран СНГ в современных международных отношениях.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2007
Алексей Георгиевич Тимошенко
Целью курса является систематическое изложение условий формирования самостоятельной внешней деятельности российских регионов, ее целей, задач, основных направлений и организационных форм, методов регулирования международной и внешнеэкономической деятельности в федерально-региональных отношениях, условий повышения ее эффективности для регионального развития.

Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2007
Станислав Леонидович Ткаченко
Данный курс ставит своей целью рассмотрение политических аспектов международных экономических отношений с теоретической и практической точек зрения. Первая его часть ориентирована на изучение различных теоретических подходов к анализу политических вопросов мировой экономики, а также истории экономических отношений между ведущими странами Европы и Северной Америки в двадцатом столетии. Затем областью анализа станут сферы производства, торговли и финансов, в которых участвуют различные институты: суверенные государства, транснациональные корпорации и общественные движения. Трансформации послевоенного экономического порядка и необходимым мерам по управлению экономическими процессами в быстро меняющемся мире для обеспечения стабильного роста и равенства государств на международной арене посвящена третья часть курса. В рамках всего курса будет сделана попытка ответить на ключевые вопросы, занимающие сейчас “Международную полиическую экономию” - сравнительно недавно возникший раздел теории международных отношений. Например: какое место в современном мире должно занимать транснациональное сотрудничество? Как должны реагировать суверенные государства на процесс глобализации?
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-12-2007
Станислав Леонидович Ткаченко
2007
Основной целью предлагаемого курса является освоение магистрантами теории и практики дипломатической работы в области проведения международных переговоров, прежде всего касающихся экономических (коммерческих) вопросов. Основная часть лекций курса будет посвящена рассмотрению и анализу конкретных примеров проведения международных переговоров. Главная цель курса – приблизить накопленный в сфере изучения международных отношений опыт коммерческой дипломатии к современной ситуации в России. Ключевой задачей является усвоение магистрантами принципов и форм современной переговорной практики, а также теоретических аспектов изучения международных переговоров. Кроме того, предполагается детальное ознакомление с современными проблемами, с которыми сталкиваются в своей переговорной практике дипломаты различных государств, работая как в России, так и в других государствах. Достижение основной цели курса включает рассмотрение особенностей переговорных стратегий и тактик различных государств, а также негосударственных акторов (многонациональных корпораций, неправительственных организаций, межправительственных организаций). Особое внимание в курсе уделяется новой отрасли дипломатической теории и практики – коммерческой дипломатии.
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Russia in Globalizing World [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 15-11-2007
Дмитрий Александрович Ланко
2004

Even though the course is mainly based on Russian literature on globalization, it also covers some internationally recognized theories of globalization and evaluates on the Russian approaches to them. Among the agents of globalization the course focuses on global organizations (WTO, the World Bank), trans-national corporations and international NGOs. The course points at environmental concerns and information society as causes of globalization.

Among the effects of globalization the course considers important the politization (securitization, as some writers refer to it), growing risks (though growing revenues too) for economies and creation of new cultures. The course chooses Pax Americana, global governance and global village among the theories predicting on what globalization can end with. Finally, it provides an introduction to critical geopolitics with a special focus on region-building.

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Russia and European security [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 14-11-2007
Наталья Генриховна Заславская
2006
The course is targeted to inform the students about the development of security system in Europe and the Russian approach to the European security problems. The students will learn about the European security system, major security challenges in Europe and Russia's role in the European security system.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-10-2007
Наталья Генриховна Заславская
2004
Цель курса - познакомить студентов с основными проблемами европейской интеграции и перспективами развития Европейского союза, с основными этапами развития европейской интеграции. Рассмотреть основные направления деятельности Европейского союза. Изучить характер отношений между Европейским союзом и Россией.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-10-2007
Виктор Сергеевич Евстафьев
2005
This class deals with problems of institution building and institutional reforms in Russian economy. Such topics as Soviet Planned Economy Principles, Entrepreneurial Climate in Rusia, Russian Business Culture, and others will be lectured and discussed in class.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-10-2007
Francesco Mazzaferro, Arnaud Mehl, Michael Sturm, Christian Thimann, Adalbert Winkler European Central Bank, Occasional Paper. 2002.  No. 7.
This paper reviews the economic, monetary and financial relations between the EU and the euro area and a set of countries in a broad set of neighbouring regions. The 80 or so countries are mostly classified as transition, emerging or developing economies and belong to four main regions: the Western Balkans; the European part of the Commonwealth of Independent States; the Middle East and Northern Africa; and Sub-Saharan Africa. In many respects, these countries are diverse; however, some common features can also be identified. One of these common features is the fact that the euro area is their largest trading partner and the largest originator of international bank credit, foreign direct investment and official development assistance; meanwhile, from a euro area perspective, while these countries account for a somewhat smaller share of external trade, they are important as providers of energy, other raw materials and agricultural products.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-10-2007
Wolfgang Streeck MPIfG, Discussion Paper. 1998.  No. 98/2.
Abstract European industrial relations are rapidly internationalizing; internationalization, however, is not necessarily de-nationalization. Even as European integration accelerates, national politics and industrial relations will remain the principal arenas for the social regulation of work and employment in Europe. The paper investigates the implications of European industrial relations developing into a multi-level system within which national regimes compete with each other in an integrated international market. In particular, it tries to outline the emerging new peace formula between business and labor in Europe, which is centered on the notion of joint competitiveness, and its consequences for social protection and the regulation of labor markets. Five examples are given for the continuing importance of national industrial relations in integrated Europe: the renewal of tripartite concertation at national level, especially under the pressure of the Maastricht criteria; the likely impact of European Monetary Union on national collective bargaining regimes; the practical consequences of the European Works Councils Directive of 1994; the experience with the Social Dialogue since the Maastricht Treaty; and the Posted Workers Directive, which is discussed as a possible paradigm of the future relationship between European and national social protection in Europe.
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Опубликовано на портале: 29-10-2007
Ulrich Sedelmeier Living Reviews in European Governance. 2007.  Vol. 1. No. 3.
The Europeanisation of candidate countries and new members is a rather recent and still comparatively small, but - particularly since 2003 – a fast-growing research area. Research in this area has developed primarily in the context of the EU’s eastern enlargement. More recently, a small number of theoretically informed, book-length studies of the EU’s influence on the East Central European candidate countries have established the Europeanisation of applicant states as a distinctive research area. These studies fit within a common conceptual framework, which draws on the debate between rationalist and constructivist institutionalist theories in International Relations and Comparative Politics. This framework makes these studies highly compatible with analyses of the Europeanisation of member states, with which they share one key empirical finding, namely that the impact of the EU on candidate countries is differential across countries and issue areas. On the other hand, the theoretical implications of these findings appear more clear-cut than in the case of the Europeanisation of member states: rationalist institutionalism, with its focus on the external incentives underpinning EU conditionality, and on the material costs incurred by domestic veto players, appears well suited to explaining variation in the patterns of Europeanisation in candidate countries. The next stage of this research agenda concerns the impact of accession on the dynamics of pre-accession Europeanisation and how durable the patterns of candidate Europeanisation are in the post-accession stage.
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