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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 22246

Опубликовано на портале: 03-02-2003
Людмила Ильинична Тихомирова, Георгий Александрович Сатаров Социология: методология, методы и математическое моделирование (Социология: 4М). 1991.  № 1. С. 32-48. 
Рассмотрен новый метод сбора социологической информации о предпочтениях в условиях конкуренции между ними. Предложены математическая модель процесса выбора решения респондентом и основанный на ней метод анализа данных. Установлена связь с моделью парных сравнений Брэдли-Терри-Льюса. Приведен пример практического использования изложенной методики анализа предпочтений.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-02-2003
Мария Сергеевна Добрякова Социология: методология, методы и математическое моделирование (Социология: 4М). 2001.  № 13. С. 27-59. 
Анализируется восприятие локального сообщества с различных теоретических позиций: позитивистских, субъективистских, постмодернистских и глобалистских. Анализ выполнен на основании исследований социальной стратификации в рамках локального сообщества.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-02-2003
Вадим Феликсович Журавлев Социология: методология, методы и математическое моделирование (Социология: 4М). 1996.  № 7. С. 81-102. 
С феноменологической точки зрения рассматриваются теоретические и методологические основания интервью как метода сбора данных в качественных исследованиях. Анализируется проблема искажений информации в ходе интервью, эксплицируются компоненты коммуникативного взаимодействия в качественном интервью, задаются предпосылки для адекватной интерпретации получаемых данных.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-02-2003
Ольга Алексеевна Воронкова Социология: методология, методы и математическое моделирование (Социология: 4М). 1996.  № 7. С. 120-129. 
Критический анализ упрощенного подхода к проведению телефонных опросов, в ходе которого нарушаются внутренние взаимоотношения в процессе коммуникации между социологом интервьюером и респондентом. На примере конкретного исследования - телефонного опроса по заказу телевизионной передачи "Кумиры 90-х - кто они?", показывается как неадекватная формулировка вопросов анкет, непонимание самими составителями вопросников вариантов и оттенков смысла употребляемых ими слов приводят к резкому снижению качества получаемых ответов респондентов и данных исследования в целом.
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Опубликовано на портале: 03-02-2003
Тамара Васильевна Мудрец, Вячеслав Анатольевич Морев Социология: методология, методы и математическое моделирование (Социология: 4М). 1996.  № 7. С. 147-153. 
Описывается опыт применения психологических методов при отборе и обучении интервьюеров. Диагностика деловых качеств и обучение профессиональным навыкам проводились с помощью таких имитационных игр, как Знакомство, Отражение, Игра в интервьюера, Глухой телефон. Для анализа и обсуждения результатов использовалась видеозапись хода игры.
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Опубликовано на портале: 01-02-2003
Michael Burawoy, Erik Olin Wright
We have argued in this paper that the main theoretical ideas of Marxism can be grouped into three broad clusters: a theory of dynamics and destiny of capitalism -- historical materialism; a theory of the contradictory reproduction of capitalism sociological Marxism; and a normative theory of emancipatory alternatives.
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Опубликовано на портале: 01-02-2003
Erik Olin Wright American Journal of Sociology. 2000.  Vol. 105. No. 4. P. 957-1002. 
This article proposes a general theoretical framework for understanding the concept of "class compromise" in terms of a "reverse-J" model of the relationship between the associational power of workers and the interests of capitalists: increases in working-class power adversely affect capitalist-class interests until such power crosses some intermediate threshold beyond which further increases in working-class power are potentially beneficial to capitalists' interests. This article argues that the reverse-J curve is itself the result of two distinct kinds of effects of workers' power on capitalists' interests: one, a negative effect, in which workers' power undermines the capacity of capitalists to unilaterally make various kinds of decisions, and the second, a positive effect, in which workers' power helps capitalists solve the various kinds of collective action problems they face.

Economic Change and Social Stratification [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 01-02-2003
Peter Baehr
First Semester 2001
This course examines the relationship between economic change and social inequality. It investigates why some people - and some nations - are richer and more powerful than others. In addition, it seeks to assess the extent to which economic, cultural and political ideas and institutions are becoming globalized. Examples from both Asian and Western societies are provided. The key objectives of this course are (1) to offer a comparative, empirical analysis of economic change; (2) to provide a theoretically informed treatment of social stratification; and (3) to consider the importance of culture - for instance, relationships of trust as a contributing factor to an economy's success or lack of it.
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Опубликовано на портале: 31-01-2003
Lawrence E. Raffalovich
This paper uses annual time-series data on a sample of thirty-nine countries to investigate the impact of inequality on growth over the 1950-1998 period. Our inequality measure is the property-income share of GDP, selected because it is both the means and the motive for investment, the proximate cause of growth in most theories. Cross-national time-series regression analysis of the pooled data finds only limited evidence that inequality increases subsequent growth, and only in a few countries. There is no evidence that this effect can be generalized beyond these few nations. The argument that inequality promotes economic growth remains largely unsupported.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2003
Вадим Валерьевич Радаев
Kent: University of Kent, 1991
What is the basis of social stratification in the Soviet-type system? What kind of a role is played by power in the social structure? These issues make up the subject matter of the present article. As it is impossible to handle all the aspects of this immense problem, this paper will be confined to the socio-economic issues, and deal with political ones only in so far as it is unavoidable for the analysis. The classic example of the Soviet Union (or more precisely, the Russian Federation) is analysed, though the basic characteristics described are more or less relevant for all the societies of the Soviet type in the period before radical reform took place. With the exception of the last section of the paper, the system described is that which existed before 1985, in order to give us a clearer image of its essential features. The paper is mostly concerned with the general theoretical framework of power stratification. But in many respects (dealt with mainly in sections 4 and 5) it is a preliminary for empirical research as part of the project on `Power and Economic Relationships', currently being carried out in the Soviet Union.
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Опубликовано на портале: 30-01-2003
David F. Labaree Sociology of Education. 1986.  Vol. 59. No. 1. P. 42-57. 
This historical case study of a prominent nineteenth-century high school analyzes one example of the development of the hegemonic curriculum. This developmental process hinged on the complex relationship between the high school and its middle-class constituency, a relationship that was mediated by the market in educational credentials. Shaped by bourgeois ideological principles (merit, self-discipline, and utility), the curriculum of the mid-1800s provided the school's middle-class constituents with a valuable form of symbolic wealth: i.e. educational credentials. However, by the 1880s the market in educational credentials changed. Alternative suppliers appeared on the scene, and the middle class began looking beyond a high school diploma to the acquisition of professional credentials. This market pressure forced the high school to revamp its course of study. What emerged was a version of the modern hegemonic curriculum, in which knowledge is stratified, academic, and appropriated through individual competition.

Работа и учеба за рубежом [интернет ресурс]
Обновлено: 01-04-2009

Сайт предоставляет новейшую информацию о возможностях учебы, стажировки или работы за рубежом, размещенную по многочисленным тематическим ресурсам и форумам. Отличительной особенностью является наличие таких источников информации, как отдельные публикации, обзоры прессы, запросы и предложения из первых рук. Специально выделена рубрика об обучении по обмену, содержащая информацию о такого рода проектах вузов в разных странах мира.

Social Stratification [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 29-01-2003
Andreas Hess
2002/2003
This course aims at introducing students to key theorists and some basic facts of social stratification. We will first look at concepts that originated in the classic tradition of Marx Weber and Durkheim. In a second step we will investigate how these concepts and their consecutive interpretation and advancement have been applied to the empirical environment in America (US) and Europe (UK and the Republic of Ireland). The course will end with a discussion of the relationship between an assumed political equality (citizenship) and actually existing social inequality.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-01-2003
Robert M. Blackburn, Jennifer Jarman Social Research Update. 1997.  No. 16.
Occupational gender segregation has been at the heart of debates about gender inequality. High levels of segregation have been considered to be a significant factor in the discrepancy between the wages of women and men, to impose constraints on careers, and generally to be at the root of gender inequalities. The inequalities of segregation are primarily located in market employment, but they spill over into all aspects of life. Thus, the subject raises significant questions of social justice, of the efficient utilisation of human resources, of the structuring of labour markets, and of wider social aspects of work and family life. While there may be a wide consensus about the importance of the subject, there is less agreement about precisely what the term segregation encompasses. This situation can lead to disputes over substantive matters. Furthermore, even when there is agreement about what should be measured, there are disagreements about how best to do this. Accordingly, our purpose here is to clarify some of the conceptual and measurement issues. This Update first discusses the conceptualisation of segregation. It then presents a short discussion of the major indices that have been used to measure segregation, along with an abbreviated discussion of their shortcomings and our approach to overcoming these. Finally, we reconsider the terms vertical segregation and horizontal segregation, and suggest some new measurement possibilities.
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Social Class Inequality [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-01-2003
Suzanne Model
Fall 2002
The goal of Sociology 224 is to acquaint students with the definitions, causes and consequences of social class inequality. While the main focus is the contemporary US, many of the readings examine these topics in historical perspective. The course is divided into four parts: defining and measuring social class inequality, functionalist explanations for social class inequality, conflict explanations for social class inequality, and the relationship between social class and "life style".
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Social Stratification [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-01-2003
Ted Mouw
Spring 2001
Social stratification is the study of inequality in society. In this course we will try to answer six important questions about American society:
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Social Stratification [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-01-2003
Ted Mouw
Spring 2002
This course is an introductory survey of social stratification, class, and inequality. The topics have been selected to cover the broad range of research on inequality in sociology. The theoretical perspective, however, is interdisciplinary, and a central concern of the course will be contrasting Weberian, functionalist, Marxist, and neo-classical Economic views of the causes of consequences of inequality.
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Stratification and Mobility [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-01-2003
Matthew McKeever
Spring 2001
This course is intended as an introduction to the major theories, methods, and findings of stratification and mobility research in sociology. This literature comprises one of the main areas of research in both American and international sociology. Students interested in the study of social inequalities will benefit from taking this course not only because it familiarizes one with this body of research, but also because it presents an organized frame of reference within which it is possible to construct research questions.
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Social Stratification [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-01-2003
Terry Boswell
Spring 1999
In this course you will be exposed to the literature in a simultaneously grand and humble fashion. We will explore three major topics and one unifying theme in stratification in this course. The topics are as follows: contemporary analysis of class structure and income distribution; classical theories of stratification; historical and contemporary analyses of class, income, race, ethnicity and gender inequality. The unifying theme is a focus on exploitation as the essential source of all inequality that is unjust. The first topic is a snapshot of inequality in the US and in the world-economy; the second is a brief overview the major theoretical issues in stratification research with special emphasis on the two principle traditions of inquiry found in Marx and Weber. These two grand theories provide the mill for grinding hypotheses and crunching data. Topic three covers the mainstay of research in class and status inequalities. The content of the course will be covered by a combination of lecture, guest speakers, student presentations, and ample class discussion.
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Seminar in Gender Stratification [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-01-2003
Linda Grant
Fall Semester 2001
This course is an advanced-level doctoral seminar in gender stratification. We will review classical and contemporary theories of gender stratification advanced by scholars in sociology and related disciplines and then examine gender stratification gender stratification as it operates in the context of major social and cultural institutions, including the labor market, the family, the welfare system and the state, academia, science, education, medicine and health care, the organization of sexuality, and the like. The seminar presumes that students will have a basic grounding in Sociology of Gender and/or Structured Inequality. We will cover approaches that have been identified as feminist as well as those that have not.
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