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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 22213

Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
Erik Olin Wright
The course will revolve around six broad topics: The theory of history; class structure; class formation and class struggle; the theory of the state and politics; ideology and consciousness; socialism and emancipation.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

The Challenge of Global Equity [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
Sudhir Anand, Lincoln Chen
Global equity or "fairness" is undoubtedly one of the premier challenges of our globalizing times. How can markets be made pro-poor? What about global public goods and their production? What are the roles of social institutions? How do these questions play out in specific equity fields, like income, health, and education? Debates about global inequities have animated social protest movements, foreign aid policies, reform of global institutions, and specific policies and programs. Mapping the intellectual terrain, reviewing evidence, pinpointing areas of contention, and proposing fresh approaches will comprise the core of this seminar course. Grades will be determined based on classroom participation, two term papers (brief policy-oriented memo and an essay). No final exam.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Theories of Class and Stratification [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
Carl Cuneo
This course introduces the student to sociological theories of social inequality. It is thus a foundation for many other courses in sociology. We will focus primarily on class, status, and power, with some attention to the state, gender, race, and culture. The course is organized around the study of selected authors - Marx, Weber, Gramsci, Poulantzas, Carchedi, Durkheim, Parsons, Davis and Moore, Dahrendorf, and Wright, - and their critiques in terms of gender and race. Selected books and articles on their writings will be used. In addition, the instructor's notes are available in a variety of formats. These take the form of passive documents in wordperfect and ASCII formats, and live interactive documents on the world wide web.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Seminar on the theory of the state (1995) [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
Erik Olin Wright
At the core of this seminar is a moral and political concern: to what extent is it possible to achieve a more egalitarian, humane and democratic society within a capitalist society? It is a fundamental tenet of Marxist theories of the state that the state in capitalist society is deeply shaped and constrained by the class relations of capitalism, but this leaves quite open the extent to which progressive change can be achieved within those constraints. At one extreme is classical Leninism, which sees the capitalist state as so profoundly imbued with a capitalist character that even where nominally democratic institutions exist, there is little prospect for progressive change. The state is fundamentally a "superstructure": its form and structures functionally reproduce the basic class relations of capitalism. As a result, to use Lenin's expression, the state must be smashed; serious reforms in an egalitarian direction will inevitably fail or be reversed. At the other extreme is classical social democracy which viewed state apparatuses as basically class neutral and regarded class structure as simply one among a variety of obstacles to be overcome. Popular mobilization, particularly when organized through a coordination of the labor movement and socialist parties, had the potential to gradually reform capitalism in a radically egalitarian direction through social democratic state policies. Between these extremes are a varietry of theoretical and political positions which see the constraints on radical change imposed by the capitalist state as variable, both in terms of the kinds of changes they permit and the extent to which struggles can transform the constraints themselves. The "contradictory functionality" of the state creates a complex, variable political space within which egalitarian, democratic, and even emancipatory politics can be pursued.

The central task of this seminar, then, is to explore a range of theoretical and empirical issues that bear on the problem of understanding such possibilities for radical, egalitarian politics in capitalist societies. Above all we will focus on the problem of the complex interconnections between class, the economy, and the state. To develop the theoretical tools to approach these issues we will have to grapple with some fairly abstract of conceptual questions: what does it mean to say that the state has a "class character"? What is the difference between an external constraint on state actions imposed by class relations and an internal institutionalization of class constraints within the state itself? What does it mean to describe the state as having "autonomy" -- relative, potential, limited or absolute? The seminar, however, will not primarily grapple with these issues at a purely abstract conceptual level. Rather, in most of the sessions we will focus on specific historical/empirical problems through which we will refine the conceptual tools and build our theoretical understanding.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Social Stratication and Inequality [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
Dan Powers
This course discusses major sociological approaches to the study of social stratication and inequality. We begin with an examination of the concepts of social stratication social inequality, with an emphasis on the major dimensions of stratication in the U.S. We will focus on the distribution of income and wealth in the U.S. over the last 50 years and look at recent changes in this distribution and explanations of change. Next we will explore the major theoretical traditions that form the basis for contemporary class analysis, with an overview of the major class divisions in the U.S. We will examine forms and processes of stratication, with a focus on patterns of social mobility and dierences in these processes and outcomes by race and gender.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Foundations of Class Analysis [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
Erik Olin Wright
This course will explore a broad range of issues in the Marxist tradition of social theory and social science. I refer deliberately to the Marxist tradition rather than Marxism as such. Marxism, like other isms, suggests a doctrine, a closed system of thought rather than an open theoretical framework of scientific inquiry. It is for this reason, for example, that Creationists (religious opponents to the theory of biological evolution) refer to evolutionary theory as Darwinism. They want to juxtapose Creationism and Darwinism as alternative doctrines, each grounded in different articles of faith. It has been a significant liability of the Marxist tradition that it has been named after a particular historical person and generally referred to as an ism. This reinforces a tendency for the theoretical practice of Marxists to often look more like ideology (or even theology when Marxism becomes Marxology and Marxolatry) than social science. It is for this reason that I prefer the looser expression the Marxist tradition to Marxism as a way of designating the theoretical enterprise. Foundations of Class Analysis 3 I feel that the broad Marxist tradition of social thought remains a vital setting for advancing our understanding of the contradictions in existing societies and the possibilities for egalitarian social change, but I do not believe it provides us with a comprehensive doctrine that automatically gives us the right answers to every question. The overall objective of this course is to provide a rigorous introduction to the core concepts, ideas and theories in the Marxist tradition of critical social science. The course will revolve around six broad topics: The theory of history; class structure; class formation and class struggle; the theory of the state and politics; ideology and consciousness; socialism and emancipation.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Social Stratification [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
Tak Wing Chan
Tutorial topics and readings: What do sociologists mean by social class? How has the class structure of industrial societies evolved? And how does the pattern of intergenerational class mobility vary between countries and over time? Might Britain be a meritocracy? What do we know about intelligence and its heritability? And what is the role of measured cognitive ability and schooling in determining socio-economic success in modern industrial societies? What is the origin of the underclass? Compare status and class as different dimensions of social stratification. Can social caste in India be usefully seen as a form of status stratification? What explains occupational sex segregation, and how its variation between countries and over time? Is conventional class analysis sexist? And Does conventional mobility research underestimate social fluidity by ignoring women's mobility experience? What accounts for the recent trends in income inequality, and what are their implications for social stratification?
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Social Stratification [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
David D. McFarland
Social stratification concerns the unequal distribution of things which are scarce but widely desired, and the process of status attainment or social mobility whereby some persons or groups come to receive more of these scarce things than are received by others.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Обновлено: 09-12-2010

http://les.man.ac.uk/CPS

Страница Комитета по политической социологии (Research Committee on Political Sociology), являющегося исследовательским комитетом Международной ассоциации политических наук N 6 и Международной ассоциации социологии N 18, а также одним из старейших профессиональных сообществ, объединяющим ведущих ученых и исследователей в области политической социологии.

Опубликовано на портале: 17-12-2002
Garrett M. Fitzmaurice, Anthony F. Heath, David R. Cox Applied Statistics. 1997.  Vol. 46. No. 4. P. 415-432. 
A practical problem with large scale survey data is the potential for overdispersion. Overdispersion occurs when the data display more variability than is predicted by the variance-mean relationship for the assumed sampling model. This paper describes a simple strategy for detecting and adjusting for overdispersion in large scale survey data. The method is primarily motivated by data on the relationship between social class and educational attainment obtained from a 2% sample from the 1991 census of the population of Great Britain. Overdispersion can be detected by first grouping the data into a number of strata of approximately equal size. Under the assumption that the observations are independent and there is no variability in the parameter of interest, there is a direct relationship between the nominal standard errors and the empirical or sample standard deviation of the parameter estimates obtained from each of the separate strata. With the 2% sample from the British census data, quite a discernible departure from this relationship was found, indicating overdispersion. After allowing for overdispersion, improved and more realistic measures of precision of the strength of the social class-education associations were obtained.

Обновлено: 09-12-2010

Ворота к информации по социальным наукам (SOSIG) - портал, предоставляющий бесплатные услуги доступа к надежным источникам высококачественной информации по социальным наукам, бизнесу и праву. Портал предназначен преимущественно для студентов, преподавателей, исследователей и практиков и является частью Британской сети поиска ресурсов.

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Lydia Morris, John Scott British Journal of Sociology. 1996.  Vol. 47. No. 1. P. 45-55. 
The work of Marshall, Roberts and Burgoyne makes an important contribution to current debates on class, but it is argued that its theoretical basis is in need of further development. Specifically, it is argued that the 'Nuffield programme' of class analysis has lost sight of its Weberian roots. The approach departs from a view of social classes as real social groups and moves towards a nominalist view of class in which categories are justified on purely predictive grounds. It is suggested that an awareness of Weber's distinction between class situation and social class provides a firmer theoretical basis for the arguments set out by the authors and allows a more dynamic view of class to be constructed. Such a dynamic account must address issues of labour market structure, household divisions and civic status. Only on this basis can the idea of the underclass be properly assessed.

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Gordon Marshall, Stephen Roberts, Carole Burgoyne British Journal of Sociology. 1996.  Vol. 47. No. 1. P. 22-44. 
It is commonly argued that the research programme of class analysis is undermined by its appararent neglect of large numbers of economically-inactive adults who do not form part of the analysis, but are affected by class processes, and form distinctive elements within any class structure. This paper disputes the claim that welfare dependents, the retired, and domestic housekeepers show distinctive patterns of socio-political class formation. Nor are the class-related attributes of the supposed underclass so distinct that they require separate treatment in a class analysis. Evidence which supports the orthodox strategy of sampling economically-active men and women is taken from national sample surveys of adults in Britain and the USA.

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Paul Windolf, Jurgen Beyer British Journal of Sociology. 1996.  Vol. 47. No. 2. P. 205-231. 
This study examines the capital network (ownership) and the network of interlocking directorates among the 623 largest business firms in Germany and the 520 largest in Britain. Three major differences are identified in the structure of these networks in the two countries: (1) In Germany ownership is highly concentrated, i.e., shareholdings - generally by the non-financial sector - tend to be sufficiently large to allow the owners to dominate the firm. In Britain ownership is much less concentrated, with almost half of all shareholdings - generally in the financial sector - amounting to less than 5 per cent of company stock. (2) In Germany - in contrast to Britain - the network of interlocking directorates is closely related to the capital network, i.e., it serves to enhance the power of the owners. (3) In Germany - in contrast to Britain - both networks are concentrated within the same industry, i.e., potential competitors are associated with one another. Germany thus illustrates 'co-operative capitalism' whereas Britain exemplifies 'competitive capitalism'.

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
David Lockwood British Journal of Sociology. 1996.  Vol. 47. No. 3. P. 531-550. 
The aim is to explore the usefulness of inverting the class analysis problematic, which starts from class structure and then asks under what conditions sociopolitical class formation occurs, and then how this in turn bears upon social cohesion. By contrast, the route followed here starts from the assumption that the institutional unity of citizenship, market and bureaucratic relations is central to social cohesion, and then concentrates on the questions of how inequalities of class and status affect the institutionalization of citizenship and thereby its integrative function. While its practice is heavily influenced by the structure of social inequality, citizenship cart be seen to exert a force-field of its own. Four main types of 'civic stratification' are distinguished by reference to citizens' differing enjoyment of, and abilities to exercise, rights, their social categorization by the rights themselves and by their motivation to extend and enlarge them: namely, civic exclusion, civic gain and deficit, and civic expansion. Their consequences for social integration are then briefly discussed. One advantage of this approach is that it allows inequalities related to age, gender and ethnicity to be incorporated within the same explanatory scheme.

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Andre Beteille British Journal of Sociology. 1996.  Vol. 47. No. 3. P. 513-526. 
The relationship between class and status may be viewed in two distinct, if not contrasting, ways. In the first view, class and status are opposed as two different and mutually irreducible dimensions of inequality: here the stress is on distinctions of status expressing honour, dignity, worth, and so on. In the second view, class and status are opposed as one might oppose inequality and equality: here the stress is on the role of citizenship as a major force in redefining the relationship between class and status in modem industrial societies. The paper examines the different implications of defining status in terms of rights on the one hand and esteem on the other. It argues that it is not possible to guarantee equality of esteem simply by legislating equal rights for all citizens, no matter how extensively those rights are defined. For while status may be a matter of rights, it is also a matter of esteem, and the two do not necessarily move in step with each other.

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
John H. Goldthorpe British Journal of Sociology. 1996.  Vol. 47. No. 3. P. 481-406. 
In class analysis the main regularities that have been established by empirical research are not ones of long-term class formation or decomposition, as envisaged in Marxist or liberal theory, but rather ones that exhibit the powerful resistance to change of clam relations and associated life-chances and patterns of social action. If these regularities are to be explained, theory needs to he correspondingly reoriented, and must abandon nationalist and teleological assumptions in favour of providing more secure micro-foundations. This argument is developed and illustrated in the course of an attempt to apply rational action theory to the explanation of persisting class differentials in educational attainment.

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
British Journal of Sociology. 1996.  Vol. 47. No. 3. P. 447-474. 
The paper takes as its point of departure Lockwood's classic account of the class situation of the Blackcoated Worker. It addresses the issue of whether the rapid spread of new technologies since the 1980s has been accompanied by a change in employer policies that has undercut the distinctiveness of the work and labour market situations of lower non-manual employees, Drawing on data from a national survey carried out in 1992, it argues that, in technically advanced work settings, there is some evidence of a convergence between lower non- manual and manual workers in the nature of relationships with management and in job security. While management styles have become more consultative for manual workers, control over work time has become more formalized for lower non-manual workers. Further, the classes had become more similar due to a marked decline in the security of white-collar employees. None the less, lower non-manual and manual work remained quite distinct in two fundamental respects: the requirements for general conceptual skills and the extent to which there were perspectives for longer-term career advancement. Hence differences in class position are likely to continue to have important implications both for people's life styles and for their wider life chances.

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
George Kolankiewicz British Journal of Sociology. 1996.  Vol. 47. No. 3. P. 427-442. 
Taking contemporary Poland as a case in point, the emerging processes of class formation attendant on privatization and democratization are examined using traditional concepts of class analysis allied to more recent social capital theory.

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
British Journal of Sociology. 1997.  Vol. 48. No. 2. P. 226-254. 
The first part of the paper will theoretically examine the social function of trust, the preconditions of the production of trust and the possibility of reconstructing power as a mechanism functionally similar to trust. The second part of the paper is based on empirical research and will elaborate from a comparative perspective (Britain and Germany) how industry associations and legal regulations influence the quality of inter-firm relations. Our central argument is that trust is more reliably produced when these institutions are strong and consistent and business relations are deeply embedded into their institutional environment. We will argue that power is more likely to function as an alternative mode of co-ordinating social expectations and interaction when the institutional Framework and the embeddedness of social interaction is weak, But power produced by a comprehensive and stable institutional environment - what we call system trust - appears to be fostering the production of trust rather than being detrimental to it.