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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 379

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Meira Weiss
Westport, Conn.: Bergin & Garvey, 1994
Questioning the myth of unconditional love between parents and children, this study examines the strength of the parental bond when children are born with physical defects. The author studied parents' behavior toward 1,450 children born with defects in three hospitals in Israel, and then conducted follow-up studies over a period of six years with 200 families in their homes. One of the major recurring patterns of parental behavior was a massive tendency toward rejection of deformed children. Rejection was manifested by parents' wishes for drastic separation from their children through abandonment, institutionalization, or giving up for adoption. If brought home, the children were isolated and hidden from view. Weiss found that half of the newborns with physically observable defects were abandoned by their parents in the hospital. Even when the parents were assured by doctors that their children would develop intellectually or would not require special care, the tendency to abandon remained strong. Normal children who suffered physical deformity due to burns or other accidents were similarly rejected by their parents. This study will take a major place in the literature on human behavior because through exhaustive and long-term observation of actual behavior in thousands of individual situations, it exposes the extreme importance of physical appearance in interpersonal relations. The author describes how the deformity causes confusion in the parents' cognitive system, labelling the child with a name such as monster or devil or creature, or another non-human category. Parents' reactions to their children's body image are discussed and the concept of body boundaries is analyzed. Children connected to medical apparatus or sickly children are the cause of much parental rejection. Also, territorial restrictions are placed on the deformed child in the home. These range from closeting or imprisoning in unfurnished surroundings separate from the family to demotion to servant status within the family. This study refutes most assumptions in the literature and shows that forming bonds with one's biological child is not necessarily spontaneous, automatic, or natural, and that every child undergoes a process of adoption or rejection based on external appearance and whether or not that appearance matches the parents' image of a "person." Hospital personnel, social workers, sociologists and anthropologists will be profoundly influenced by this work, as will be all others who read it.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Bonnie Fox
Toronto: Oxford University Press, 2001
The second edition of Family Patterns, Gender Relations thoroughly examines the dynamics and patterns in family life. The 33 articles include a mix of classics and new work commissioned for the book. These readings, by leading scholars in Canada, the US, and the UK, help to build a thorough understanding of the relations through which people care for their children, themselves, and eachother. The book starts with a theoretical examination of what constitutes a family, examines the family as it has evolved historically, and then moves on to current issues, such as sexuality, childbirth, racial and ethnic diversity, and parenting.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Allan A. Graham
Great Britain: Blackwell Publishing Company, 1999, 376 с.
This volume provides students with the essential readings for understanding the dominant issues in the sociology of the family. The editor presents the reader with a collection of important writings that include recent and currently relevant material as well as the rich variety of empirical work conducted in this field. The book conveys the continuing significance of gender in analysing the family and explores the important links between social research and social policy. The volume offers an excellent introduction to anyone interested in understanding the complexity of contemporary family life. It will be essential reading for all those studying the family within sociology, social policy, social work, heath and welfare and gender studies courses.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Jackqueline Scott, Judith K. Treas, Martin Richards
Изд-во: Blackwell Publishing Company, 2003, cерия "Blackwell Companions to Sociology", 624 с.
The Blackwell Companion to Sociology of Families is an authoritative volume of original essays by expert contributors. It tackles a range of issues relevant to family life today, such as social inequality, parenting practices, children's work, the changing patterns of citizenship, and challenges confronting multi-cultural families.Each essay examines the changing family forms and relationships as well as the changing social context (by way of globalization, technological innovation, state policy, religion, employment and community) that shapes modern family life. From an explicitly comparative perspective, the authors provide a selective overview of empirical research and address emerging issues. Families in Europe and North America are given special attention, with discussion of previously neglected groups including immigrant families and gays and lesbians.The Companion shows how revolutionary changes in aging, longevity, and sexual behavior have radically affected the experience of children and parents over the life course, and shifted the ties that bind different generations. This exceptional volume shows why the study of social change in families is a necessary key for understanding the transformations in individual and social life, across the globe.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
David Cheal
Изд-во: University of Toronto Press, 1991, 213 с.
The book takes a broad comparative approach to the theories analyzed, both in terms of the empirical examples used (from North America, Europe and Australia) and in the discussion of how old and new approaches interact with one another. Cheal argues that it is possible to make the sense contemporary family theory by analyzing its divisions as the result of different experiences of modernity. These experiences are described as lying along three axes: first, the opposition between social modernism and its anti-modernists critics; second, the ideological effects of contradictions within modernity itself; and the third, the emerging difference modernist idealism and post-modernist skepticism. Another major theme of the book is the profound impact of feminism on contemporary family studies, and how this has been the catalyst for so much rethinking of the subject in recent years.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит графическое изображение (иллюстрацию)

Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Karen Oppenheim Mason, An-Magritt Jensen
USA: Oxford University Press, 1995, cерия "International Studies in Demography", 344 с.
This volume focuses on the relationship between change in the family and change in the roles of women and men on contemporary industrial societies. Of central concern is whether change in gender roles has fuelled - or is merely historically coincident with - such changes in the family as rising divorce rates, increases in out-of-wedlock childbearing, declining marriage rates, and a growing disconnection between the lives of men and children. Covering more that twenty countries, including the USA, the countries of western Europe, and Japan, each essay in the volume is organized around an important theoretical or policy question; all offer new data analyses, and several offer prescriptions of how to fashion more equitable and humane family and gender systems. The second demographic transition and microeconomic theory of marital exchange are the dominant theoretical models considered; several chapters feature state-of-the-art quantitative analyses of large scale surveys.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Jerry A. Jacobs, Kathleen Gerson
Изд-во: Harvard University Press, 2005, 272 с.
In a panoramic study that draws on diverse sources, Jerry Jacobs and Kathleen Gerson explain why and how time pressures have emerged and what we can do to alleviate them. In contrast to the conventional wisdom that all Americans are overworked, they show that time itself has become a form of social inequality that is dividing Americans in new ways--between the overworked and the underemployed, women and men, parents and non-parents. They piece together a compelling story of the increasing mismatch between our economic system and the needs of American families, sorting out important trends such as the rise of demanding jobs and the emergence of new pressures on dual earner families and single parents.
Comparing American workers with their European peers, Jacobs and Gerson also find that policies that are simultaneously family-friendly and gender equitable are not fully realized in any of the countries they examine. As a consequence, they argue that the United States needs to forge a new set of solutions that offer American workers new ways to integrate work and family life.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Sharon J. Price
Roxbury Publishing Co, 2000, 241 с.
Using a consistent theoretical orientation, this book explores the "life course" approach to family life - including parent-child, spousal, and sibling relationships. It reflects the diversity represented in contemporary families as they grapple with changes and transitions in family relationships during the life cycle. "Families Across Time" is unique in its integration of research, theory, and application in a variety of topic areas related to family life. The contributors to this volume, which include prominent and established scholars as well as young professionals, address a diversity of family forms as well as all stages of family life - in contrast to the traditional emphasis on early stages. The essays in this book represent a breadth of content and scholarship; at the same time they are student-friendly and highly readable. Extensive case scenarios and other examples augment the content of each essay, serving as examples to enhance the reader's ability to understand the challenges families face over the life course. The book's approach emphasizes transitions and tasks in lieu of focusing on the characteristics of stages associated with family development. Different aspects of family life are examined up-close and across the life span for each topic covered. Price, McKenry, and Murphy offer introductions to each section, which frame each set of essays and provide context for the reader. Discussion questions are included at the end of each chapter.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Robert P. George, Jean Bethke Elshtain
Spence Publishing Company, 2006, 336 с.
The movement for same-sex marriage has triggered an unprecedented crisis in the social norms and laws governing marriage. All great civilizations have sought to unite, in the institution of marriage, the goods of sexual intimacy, childbearing and childrearing, and life-long love between adults. But the last five decades have witnessed the erosion of marriage as a public institution in the developed world. The separation of the goods previously united in marriage has led thoughtful people to question why marriage should be denied to homosexuals. This volume brings together the best of contemporary scholarship on marriage from a variety of disciplines—history, ethics, economics, law and public policy, philosophy, sociology, psychiatry, political science—to inform, and reform, public debate. Rigorous yet accessible, these studies aim to rethink and re-present the case for marriage as a positive institution and ideal that is in the public interest and serves the common good. The essays in this volume were presented to an audience of scholars, journalists, public policy experts, and other professionals, at a conference sponsored by the Witherspoon Institute. The authors are among the most eminent authorities on marriage and public policy in the English-speaking world.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Shirley Dex
Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 2003, 64 с.
This report draws together the findings of a four-year programme of research into families and work. Incorporating 19 research projects, it focuses on three key themes: the effects of work on family life; the employer's perspective on work-family relations and social responsibility; and work and family in relation to the wider community. Drawing out some key issues for policy makers, the author considers: are families coping?; does work keep families out of poverty?; is childcare still a problem for working families?; is work or family people's central interest?; has labour market deregulation changed the profile of work and the workplace?; do we need more regulation?; are social networks disintegrating?; and are work places responding to the needs of the workplace?.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Catherine Hakim
Ashgate, 2004, 298 с.
This book reports on two comparative nationally representative surveys of men and women in Britain and Spain, two countries chosen to illustrate the diversity of modern European societies. The British survey was funded within the ESRC Future of Work Research Programme and was carried out by the Office of National Statistics (ONS). Using these surveys, Catherine Hakim presents a study of ideal models of the family and family roles, work orientations, patriarchal values, and lifestyle preferences, showing how these impact on women's marital histories, fertility, employment patterns, occupational segregation, and labour mobility, but not on men's labour market participation. Lifestyle preferences and work orientations have a strong impact on women's activities, and especially on married women's employment choices, but patriarchal values (which are most commonly studied by social attitude surveys) have virtually no impact on behaviour. The analyses demonstrate that political and religious values have virtually no connection with orientations to employment and family roles. The book also covers educational homogamy, housing classes and contrasts between ethnic minority groups in core values and labour market participation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Edward O. Laumann
Изд-во: University of Chicago Press, 2004, 435 с.
We think of the city as a place where anything goes. Take the sensational fantasies and lurid antics of single women on Sex in the City or young men on Queer as Folk, and you might imagine the city as some kind of sexual playground—a place where you can have any kind of sex you want, with whomever you like, anytime or anywhere you choose.

But in The Sexual Organization of the City, Edward Laumann and company argue that this idea is a myth. Drawing on extensive surveys and interviews with Chicago adults, they show that the city is—to the contrary—a place where sexual choices and options are constrained. From Wicker Park and Boys Town to the South Side and Pilsen, they observe that sexual behavior and partnering are significantly limited by such factors as which neighborhood you live in, your ethnicity, what your sexual preference might be, or the circle of friends to which you belong. In other words, the social and institutional networks that city dwellers occupy potentially limit their sexual options by making different types of sexual activities, relationships, or meeting places less accessible.

To explain this idea of sex in the city, the editors of this work develop a theory of sexual marketplaces—the places where people look for sexual partners. They then use this theory to consider a variety of questions about sexuality: Why do sexual partnerships rarely cross racial and ethnic lines, even in neighborhoods where relatively few same-ethnicity partners are available? Why do gay men and lesbians have few public meeting spots in some neighborhoods, but a wide variety in others? Why are African Americans less likely to marry than whites? Does having a lot of friends make you less likely to get a sexually transmitted disease? And why do public health campaigns promoting safe sex seem to change the behaviors of some, but not others?

Considering vital questions such as these, and shedding new light on the city of Chicago, this work will profoundly recast our ideas about human sexual behavior.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Wendy Hollway
Изд-во: Routledge, 1997, 216 с.
Parenting, lone motherhood and the breakdown of the family ae all subjects of current political and social debate in the West, and there is little agreement among cultural commentators on what mothers should be, what children need, and how those needs conflict with the needs of parents. Feminists have played a large part in these debates in recent years, reacting particularly to negative portrayal of lone mothers in the press and the implications thay they are the source of other social problems. Mothering and Ambivalence brings together authors from therapeutic, academic and social work backgrounds to address these issues, but counters the reluctance of current feminist literature to embrace psychoanalytic understandings of dependency, anxiety and identity. Drawing on extensive professional experience the contributors use psychoanalysis to go beyond the often simplistic claims of the political debate to mothering. In their discussions of parenting and gender relations within families, the authors also surmount the narrowness of purely feminist polemics, keeping in view the importance of the diverse identities for women who become mothers. For all who are frustrated with the polarised debate about women's and children's needs and rights, this book offers and intersubjective approach to the emotional life of mothers, examining what it feels like to mother amid the pressures of contemporary social life.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Alan Carling
Изд-во: Routledge, 2002, 336 с.
While the family and its role continues to be a key topic in social and government policy, much of the literature is concerned with describing the dramatic changes that are taking place. By contrast, this text directly addresses the social processes responsible for these changes - how social policy interacts with what families actually do. Topics covered include: the relationship between morality and rationality in the family context; the variety of contemporary family forms; the purposes and assumptions of government interventions in family life; the relationship between different welfare states and different ideas about motherhood; third way thinking on families; divorce and post-divorce arrangements; lone parenthood and step-parenting; the decision to have children; the economic approach to understanding family process; and the legitimacy of state intervention in family life. With contributions from the UK, and North America, "Analysing Families" provides the framework within which to understand an increasingly important element in social policy.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Kerry J. Daly
Изд-во: Contemporary Perspectives in Family Research, 3, 2001, 440 с.
We are directed to "mind the time" on occasions when diligence to the clock is important. However, to deliberately invoke "mind your time" is to remember how quickly time, and the clock which serves as its agent, can so quickly recede into the mundane and taken for granted parts of our lives. The experience of time in families can both permeate all activities but nevertheless be hidden. The papers in this volume, representing a range of disciplines (history, sociology, psychology, family therapy, leisure studies, family science) intentionally foreground the way that time shapes everyday family worlds. Each chapter offers different insights into the way that we conceptualize time including analyses of pace, rhythm, negotiation, politics, timetables, schedules, social interaction and support. The meaning of time is illustrated through analyses of a variety of family issues including father involvement, infertility, work and family, mothering and care work, housework, family time, single parent families, family life education and gender. This volume will be of interest to scholars in a wide range of disciplines who are interested in expanding their theoretical and empirical understanding of time in families.
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Rethinking Families [книги]
Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Fiona Williams
Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, 2004, 96 с.
Rethinking the Family sets out the main trends - the increase in the number of working mothers, in cohabitation and divorce, in single and step parenthood, in people living on their own or in more open same-sex relationships - within the context of ethnic and cultural diversity and an ageing society. What, it asks, are the effects of these changes and what are the implications for future social policy? In pulling together much new research, it offers a balanced understanding of what matters to people in their intimate lives and develops a practical 'ethic of care' which it applies to issues of current concern, including the work/life balance, parenting support, partnership agreements, services for children, divorce, social inclusion, and citizen participation.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Pauline G. Boss
Изд-во: Springer, 1993, 750 с.
Presents the story of the development of family theory from its origins in religion and philosophy through the theory construction and methodology of the mid-20th century and the newly emerging models of the late 20th century, emphasizing not only family theory but also research methods and the relationship between the two. Also addresses the implications of the theories for helping contemporary families to cope with problems and to enhance the quality of their lives.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Graham Crow, Sue Heath
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002, 288 с.
This book is concerned with the significance of time in work and everyday life. The contributors are among the foremost authorities in the field, and their up-to-date contributions consider the changing social meanings that time has in work, leisure and everyday routines. Together they provide a combination of theoretical and empirically-based approaches that reveal the social significance of time in all aspects of everyday lives.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
David Cheal
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002, 204 с.
This lucid and accessible introductory text from a highly regarded author provides students who are encountering the sociology of the family for the first time with a systematic and stimulating way of thinking about the subject based on a core set of analytical questions. Coherent and persuasive, it blends theory with empirical examples drawn from all over the world, thus offering valuable insights into the differences and commonalities between families in quite diverse social and cultural contexts.
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Опубликовано на портале: 28-11-2006
Diana Gittins
Изд-во: Palgrave Macmillan, 1993, 218 с.
After a decade of Thatcherism, rising illegitimacy and the moral panic over child sexual abuse, the family is more of a political issue than ever. But is it 'the family' that is in crisis, or family ideology? In this revised edition of an important and controversial book, Diana Gittins adds to a broad range of historical, anthropological and feminist evidence, a new chapter on child sexual abuse.
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