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Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 63905

Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
John Lawrence
This course will focus on class and poverty in Britain in the late 19th and early 20th century. Explores shifting discourses of class and social pathology during Britain's emergence as a conservative form of social democracy, and examines a range of primary sources from poverty studies to novels and autobiographies of working-class life in order to scrutinize the British obsession with class and social difference.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Social stratification [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
Martha E. Gimenez
The aim of the course is to examine the social stratification of advanced industrial societies. The study of social stratification includes class structure, socioeconomic status rankings, social mobility, and gender/race/ethnic inequality. We will examine some of the major theoretical approaches to the study of stratification, including recent contributions to the study of class, gender, race, and the intersection of class, gender, and race.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

The New Class [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
Gil Eyal
The idea of the new class haunts the social sciences from their inception. The main point is that knowledge and education constitute a form of social power equivalent to moneycapital or political influence, and hence that at least certain groups of the educated public (variously, intellectuals, managers, technocrats, professionals, bureaucrats) constitute a separate social class with its own interests, power aspirations and projects. Such an idea always hovered on the margins of the social sciences, because it implied that they must examine themselves and their own involvement in social affairs. In short, for a social scientist to study the new class meant to be reflexive, and that is always a dangerous and painful business. Nonetheless, it is also an essential task for any sociologist. In ancient Greece, before one was to enter the temple of Apollo at Delphi, there seeking divine knowledge and advice, one read an inscription on the door - know thyself. The point is well-taken, knowledge of the outside world is useless (possibly even dangerous) without critical self-knowledge, without knowing where one stands in the world. In this seminar we will study theories about the new class, precisely so we can develop a systematic appreciation of the predicament of intellectuals, technocrats and even students at the turn of the century, i.e. our own predicament.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
Erik Olin Wright
The course will revolve around six broad topics: The theory of history; class structure; class formation and class struggle; the theory of the state and politics; ideology and consciousness; socialism and emancipation.
ресурс содержит полный текст, либо отрывок из него ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

The Challenge of Global Equity [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
Sudhir Anand, Lincoln Chen
Global equity or "fairness" is undoubtedly one of the premier challenges of our globalizing times. How can markets be made pro-poor? What about global public goods and their production? What are the roles of social institutions? How do these questions play out in specific equity fields, like income, health, and education? Debates about global inequities have animated social protest movements, foreign aid policies, reform of global institutions, and specific policies and programs. Mapping the intellectual terrain, reviewing evidence, pinpointing areas of contention, and proposing fresh approaches will comprise the core of this seminar course. Grades will be determined based on classroom participation, two term papers (brief policy-oriented memo and an essay). No final exam.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Theories of Class and Stratification [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
Carl Cuneo
This course introduces the student to sociological theories of social inequality. It is thus a foundation for many other courses in sociology. We will focus primarily on class, status, and power, with some attention to the state, gender, race, and culture. The course is organized around the study of selected authors - Marx, Weber, Gramsci, Poulantzas, Carchedi, Durkheim, Parsons, Davis and Moore, Dahrendorf, and Wright, - and their critiques in terms of gender and race. Selected books and articles on their writings will be used. In addition, the instructor's notes are available in a variety of formats. These take the form of passive documents in wordperfect and ASCII formats, and live interactive documents on the world wide web.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию

Seminar on the theory of the state (1995) [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
Erik Olin Wright
At the core of this seminar is a moral and political concern: to what extent is it possible to achieve a more egalitarian, humane and democratic society within a capitalist society? It is a fundamental tenet of Marxist theories of the state that the state in capitalist society is deeply shaped and constrained by the class relations of capitalism, but this leaves quite open the extent to which progressive change can be achieved within those constraints. At one extreme is classical Leninism, which sees the capitalist state as so profoundly imbued with a capitalist character that even where nominally democratic institutions exist, there is little prospect for progressive change. The state is fundamentally a "superstructure": its form and structures functionally reproduce the basic class relations of capitalism. As a result, to use Lenin's expression, the state must be smashed; serious reforms in an egalitarian direction will inevitably fail or be reversed. At the other extreme is classical social democracy which viewed state apparatuses as basically class neutral and regarded class structure as simply one among a variety of obstacles to be overcome. Popular mobilization, particularly when organized through a coordination of the labor movement and socialist parties, had the potential to gradually reform capitalism in a radically egalitarian direction through social democratic state policies. Between these extremes are a varietry of theoretical and political positions which see the constraints on radical change imposed by the capitalist state as variable, both in terms of the kinds of changes they permit and the extent to which struggles can transform the constraints themselves. The "contradictory functionality" of the state creates a complex, variable political space within which egalitarian, democratic, and even emancipatory politics can be pursued.

The central task of this seminar, then, is to explore a range of theoretical and empirical issues that bear on the problem of understanding such possibilities for radical, egalitarian politics in capitalist societies. Above all we will focus on the problem of the complex interconnections between class, the economy, and the state. To develop the theoretical tools to approach these issues we will have to grapple with some fairly abstract of conceptual questions: what does it mean to say that the state has a "class character"? What is the difference between an external constraint on state actions imposed by class relations and an internal institutionalization of class constraints within the state itself? What does it mean to describe the state as having "autonomy" -- relative, potential, limited or absolute? The seminar, however, will not primarily grapple with these issues at a purely abstract conceptual level. Rather, in most of the sessions we will focus on specific historical/empirical problems through which we will refine the conceptual tools and build our theoretical understanding.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Social Stratication and Inequality [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
Dan Powers
This course discusses major sociological approaches to the study of social stratication and inequality. We begin with an examination of the concepts of social stratication social inequality, with an emphasis on the major dimensions of stratication in the U.S. We will focus on the distribution of income and wealth in the U.S. over the last 50 years and look at recent changes in this distribution and explanations of change. Next we will explore the major theoretical traditions that form the basis for contemporary class analysis, with an overview of the major class divisions in the U.S. We will examine forms and processes of stratication, with a focus on patterns of social mobility and dierences in these processes and outcomes by race and gender.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Foundations of Class Analysis [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
Erik Olin Wright
This course will explore a broad range of issues in the Marxist tradition of social theory and social science. I refer deliberately to the Marxist tradition rather than Marxism as such. Marxism, like other isms, suggests a doctrine, a closed system of thought rather than an open theoretical framework of scientific inquiry. It is for this reason, for example, that Creationists (religious opponents to the theory of biological evolution) refer to evolutionary theory as Darwinism. They want to juxtapose Creationism and Darwinism as alternative doctrines, each grounded in different articles of faith. It has been a significant liability of the Marxist tradition that it has been named after a particular historical person and generally referred to as an ism. This reinforces a tendency for the theoretical practice of Marxists to often look more like ideology (or even theology when Marxism becomes Marxology and Marxolatry) than social science. It is for this reason that I prefer the looser expression the Marxist tradition to Marxism as a way of designating the theoretical enterprise. Foundations of Class Analysis 3 I feel that the broad Marxist tradition of social thought remains a vital setting for advancing our understanding of the contradictions in existing societies and the possibilities for egalitarian social change, but I do not believe it provides us with a comprehensive doctrine that automatically gives us the right answers to every question. The overall objective of this course is to provide a rigorous introduction to the core concepts, ideas and theories in the Marxist tradition of critical social science. The course will revolve around six broad topics: The theory of history; class structure; class formation and class struggle; the theory of the state and politics; ideology and consciousness; socialism and emancipation.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Social Stratification [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
Tak Wing Chan
Tutorial topics and readings: What do sociologists mean by social class? How has the class structure of industrial societies evolved? And how does the pattern of intergenerational class mobility vary between countries and over time? Might Britain be a meritocracy? What do we know about intelligence and its heritability? And what is the role of measured cognitive ability and schooling in determining socio-economic success in modern industrial societies? What is the origin of the underclass? Compare status and class as different dimensions of social stratification. Can social caste in India be usefully seen as a form of status stratification? What explains occupational sex segregation, and how its variation between countries and over time? Is conventional class analysis sexist? And Does conventional mobility research underestimate social fluidity by ignoring women's mobility experience? What accounts for the recent trends in income inequality, and what are their implications for social stratification?
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Social Stratification [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
David D. McFarland
Social stratification concerns the unequal distribution of things which are scarce but widely desired, and the process of status attainment or social mobility whereby some persons or groups come to receive more of these scarce things than are received by others.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Labor Economics 236B [учебная программа]
Опубликовано на портале: 18-12-2002
Julian Betts
Spring 1997
The course will provide a blend of theoretical labor economics and applied research.We will cover four broad themes:
1) Empirical Estimates of the Returns to Education
2) Labor Supply
3) Contract Theory, Turnover and Wage Profiles
4) Theories of Unemployment
Topics 1 and 2 will be mostly empirical/applied econometrics, while topics 3 and 4 will be a blend of theoretical and empirical work emphasizing recent work on imperfect information in labor markets.
ресурс содержит гиперссылку на сайт, на котором можно найти дополнительную информацию ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Обновлено: 09-12-2010

http://les.man.ac.uk/CPS

Страница Комитета по политической социологии (Research Committee on Political Sociology), являющегося исследовательским комитетом Международной ассоциации политических наук N 6 и Международной ассоциации социологии N 18, а также одним из старейших профессиональных сообществ, объединяющим ведущих ученых и исследователей в области политической социологии.

Опубликовано на портале: 17-12-2002
Garrett M. Fitzmaurice, Anthony F. Heath, David R. Cox Applied Statistics. 1997.  Vol. 46. No. 4. P. 415-432. 
A practical problem with large scale survey data is the potential for overdispersion. Overdispersion occurs when the data display more variability than is predicted by the variance-mean relationship for the assumed sampling model. This paper describes a simple strategy for detecting and adjusting for overdispersion in large scale survey data. The method is primarily motivated by data on the relationship between social class and educational attainment obtained from a 2% sample from the 1991 census of the population of Great Britain. Overdispersion can be detected by first grouping the data into a number of strata of approximately equal size. Under the assumption that the observations are independent and there is no variability in the parameter of interest, there is a direct relationship between the nominal standard errors and the empirical or sample standard deviation of the parameter estimates obtained from each of the separate strata. With the 2% sample from the British census data, quite a discernible departure from this relationship was found, indicating overdispersion. After allowing for overdispersion, improved and more realistic measures of precision of the strength of the social class-education associations were obtained.

Опубликовано на портале: 17-12-2002
Robert F. Hurley Journal of Business and Industrial Marketing. 2002.  No. 4. P. 270-281. 
There is an overemphasis on an outside-in, macro-organizational view of learning and an under-emphasis on the inside-out view which recognizes that people are the main agents of learning and change. Attempts at building a learning organization should start with an understanding of how adults learn and develop rather than elaborate ideas about competitive strategy, market research and information dissemination. Adult learning theory tells us that people learn primarily by being encouraged to tackle challenges, experiment, fail and correct failures and reflect on their experiences. The challenge in building learning organizations is fighting the bureaucratization that often replaces experimentation with control and routine. This paper examines the literature on market orientation, organizational learning and adult learning theory to identify how individual level learning can be maximized as a mechanism for enhancing organizational learning. Recommendations are made to integrate these streams of research and offer suggestions for further research.

Обновлено: 09-12-2010

Ворота к информации по социальным наукам (SOSIG) - портал, предоставляющий бесплатные услуги доступа к надежным источникам высококачественной информации по социальным наукам, бизнесу и праву. Портал предназначен преимущественно для студентов, преподавателей, исследователей и практиков и является частью Британской сети поиска ресурсов.

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Praima Chayutsahakij, Sharon Poggenpohl
2002
User information is an important source of user-centered innovation. Through the investigation of 47 user-centered case studies collected from leading design consulting firms, this study aims to establish the relationship between user-research and design innovation, to identify the research characteristics and analytic models critical to each innovation situation, and to discuss where, why, and how the research and analysis should be done so that information is gathered efficiently and is available to the team at the right time in the multi-disciplinary design process. This study suggests new approaches to user-research planning, an alternative mental model of design innovation, and a different way of describing user-research in relation to design innovation. The investigation reveals how user-research should be planned, conducted and tailored for each innovation situation.
ресурс содержит прикрепленный файл

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Lydia Morris, John Scott British Journal of Sociology. 1996.  Vol. 47. No. 1. P. 45-55. 
The work of Marshall, Roberts and Burgoyne makes an important contribution to current debates on class, but it is argued that its theoretical basis is in need of further development. Specifically, it is argued that the 'Nuffield programme' of class analysis has lost sight of its Weberian roots. The approach departs from a view of social classes as real social groups and moves towards a nominalist view of class in which categories are justified on purely predictive grounds. It is suggested that an awareness of Weber's distinction between class situation and social class provides a firmer theoretical basis for the arguments set out by the authors and allows a more dynamic view of class to be constructed. Such a dynamic account must address issues of labour market structure, household divisions and civic status. Only on this basis can the idea of the underclass be properly assessed.

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Gordon Marshall, Stephen Roberts, Carole Burgoyne British Journal of Sociology. 1996.  Vol. 47. No. 1. P. 22-44. 
It is commonly argued that the research programme of class analysis is undermined by its appararent neglect of large numbers of economically-inactive adults who do not form part of the analysis, but are affected by class processes, and form distinctive elements within any class structure. This paper disputes the claim that welfare dependents, the retired, and domestic housekeepers show distinctive patterns of socio-political class formation. Nor are the class-related attributes of the supposed underclass so distinct that they require separate treatment in a class analysis. Evidence which supports the orthodox strategy of sampling economically-active men and women is taken from national sample surveys of adults in Britain and the USA.

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
Paul Windolf, Jurgen Beyer British Journal of Sociology. 1996.  Vol. 47. No. 2. P. 205-231. 
This study examines the capital network (ownership) and the network of interlocking directorates among the 623 largest business firms in Germany and the 520 largest in Britain. Three major differences are identified in the structure of these networks in the two countries: (1) In Germany ownership is highly concentrated, i.e., shareholdings - generally by the non-financial sector - tend to be sufficiently large to allow the owners to dominate the firm. In Britain ownership is much less concentrated, with almost half of all shareholdings - generally in the financial sector - amounting to less than 5 per cent of company stock. (2) In Germany - in contrast to Britain - the network of interlocking directorates is closely related to the capital network, i.e., it serves to enhance the power of the owners. (3) In Germany - in contrast to Britain - both networks are concentrated within the same industry, i.e., potential competitors are associated with one another. Germany thus illustrates 'co-operative capitalism' whereas Britain exemplifies 'competitive capitalism'.