Всего публикаций в данном разделе: 63905
Опубликовано на портале: 08-12-2002Jan A.P. Hoogervorst, Siem Jan Koopman International Journal of Human resources management. 2002. Vol. 13. No. 8. P. 1245 - 1265.
The influence of technology developments on the content and arrangement of work is a recurring theme in many publications. Advances in information and communication technology (ICT) are reshaping internal organizational design and necessitate new types of employee capabilities and behaviour. As will be illustrated, ICT developments create a heightened level of business and market dynamics. Arguably, these dynamics affect the required capabilities and behaviour of employees even more strongly. Similarly, the way businesses are operating, and customer, supplier and business partner relationships are formed, is also affected by the rapid ICT progress. Key drivers shaping the new business context will be addressed. This paper argues that the trends and developments illustrated necessitate revision of traditionally held beliefs and paradigms. Said revision has important implications for the strategy and management of human resources, whereby the focus on employee behaviour is crucial. Two key aspects of a human resource strategy will be discussed, identified as HR alignment and HR enablement. With the focus on employee behaviour, attention should be given to the organizational context, since this context determines employee behaviour. Said context is defined by organizational culture, management practices and various organizational structures and systems. In view of the necessary organizational change associated with the developments illustrated, the importance of consistency and coherence between the elements of the organizational context is stressed. Establishing change under conditions of consistency and coherence is therefore identified as a crucial organizational competence.
Опубликовано на портале: 08-12-2002Andrew B. Abel, Janice C. Eberly American Economic Review. 1994. Vol. 84 . No. 1. P. 1369-1384.
This paper extends the theory of investment under uncertainty to incorporate fixed costs of investment, a wedge between the purchase price and sale price of capital, and potential irreversibility of investment. In this extended framework, investment is a non-decreasing function of q, the shadow price of installed capital. There are potentially three investment regimes, which depend on the value of q relative to two critical values. For values of q above the upper critical value, investment is positive and is an increasing function of q, as is standard in the theory branch of the adjustment cost literature. For intermediate values of q, between two critical values, investment is zero. Although this regime features prominently in the irreversibility literature, it is largely ignored in the adjustment cost literature. Finally, if q is below the lower critical value, gross investment is negative, a possibility that is ruled out by assumption in the irreversibility of literature. In general, however, the shadow price q is not directly observable, so we present two examples relating q to observable varieties.
Опубликовано на портале: 04-12-2002Terry J. Fitzgerald Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland. 1999.
In their efforts to maintain low inflation, policymakers pay little attention to the growth rate of the money supply. Yet many studies have found that money growth and inflation a closely related, at least in the long run. But how long must money growth remain strong before it begins to concern policymakers? That is, what is the shortest period over which money growth seems to be reliably associated with inflation?
Опубликовано на портале: 04-12-2002Michael F. Bryan Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland. 1997.
A historical look at the origin and uses of the word inflation, arguing that although the term has become nearly synonymous with "price increase," its original meaning--a rise in the general price level caused by an imbalance between the quantity of money and trade needs--is the definition driving many of those who advocate an anti-inflation policy for the Federal Reserve.
Лидер и его команда [статья]
Опубликовано на портале: 13-11-2002Евгений Борисович Моргунов
Существуют две традиции рассмотрения командообразования. Первая ориентирована на сам процесс развития взаимодействия членов команды. Вторая более ориентиована на изначальный отбор и совместимость членов команды. Данная статья скорее рассмаривает принципы отбра членов команды и их расстановку. Введены два новых принципа - принцип компетентности и принцип предпочтения, которые позволяют осущсьвлять расстановку членов команды более осмысленно.