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Samuelson Paul Anthony (Самуэльсон, Пол Энтони)

Обновлено: 09-12-2010
Дата рождения 1915
Образование PhD: Economics [MIT, 1941]
Место работы Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) / Professor of economics (Emeritus)

Профессиональные интересы:
theory of production
theory of capital
analytical methods
monetary theory

Пол Самуэльсон - Нобелевский лауреат (1970) и, пожалуй, самый известный из ныне живущих экономистов. Его труды, начиная с докторской диссертации, написанной им в двадцатипятилетнем возрасте и вышедшей в 1947 г. в виде монографии "Foundations of Economic Analysis" (русский перевод: Основания экономического анализа, СПб: Экономическая школа, 2002), во многом предопределили развитие экономической науки во второй половине XX в. С его работ ведут свое начало как собственно неоклассическая экономическая теория, так и целый ряд научных направлений, в том числе такие, как непрерывная теория финансов и так называемый "неоклассический синтез" классической и кейнсианской доктрин в макроэкономике. Фундаментальная методологическая новация Самуэльсона состояла в утверждении принципа максимизации как универсального аналитического понятия и инструмента экономической науки.

Научные интересы Самуэльсона охватывают практически все области современной экономики. Результаты, полученные им, вошли в учебники по самым разным дисциплинам - от теории потребительского выбора в условиях определенности и риска, эконометрики и финансовой экономики до макроэкономики, теории капитала, международной торговли, общего равновесия и экономики благосостояния - словом, трудно найти область науки экономики, в которой он не сказал бы своего слова. Помимо обширной научной деятельности, Самуэльсон написал, пожалуй, самый популярный учебник экономики, выдержавший более 20 изданий и переведенный на многие языки мира. Пол Самуэльсон фактически создал экономический факультет Массачусеттского технологического института, где проработал всю жизнь, и подготовил множество студентов и аспирантов, ряд которых, в т.ч. Роберт Мертон и Джозеф Стиглиц, позднее также стали Нобелевскими лауреатами.

Публикации:
  • "Some Aspects of the Pure Theory of Capital", 1937, Quarterly Journal of Economics.
  • "A Note on Measurement of Utility", 1937, Review of Economic Studies.
  • "A Note on the Pure Theory of Consumer's Behaviour", 1938, Economica.
  • "Numerical Representation of Ordered Classifications and the Concept of Utility", 1938, Review of Economic Studies.
  • "Interaction Between the Multiplier Analysis and the Principle of Acceleration", 1939, Review of Economic Studies.
  • "The Stability of Equilibrium: Comparative statics and dynamics", 1941, Econometrica.
  • "Constancy of the Marginal Utility of Income", 1942, in Lange et al, editors, Studies in Mathematical Economics.
  • "The Relation Between Hicksian Stability and True Dynamic Stability", 1944, Econometrica.
  • Foundations of Economic Analysis, 1947.
  • "Some Implications of Linearity", 1947, Econometrica
  • "Consumption Theory in Terms of Revealed Preference", 1948, Economica
  • Economics: An introductory analysis, 1948.
  • "International Trade and the Equalisation of Factor Prices", 1948, Economic Journal.
  • "International Factor-Price Equalisation Once Again", 1949, Economic Journal.
  • "The Problem of Integrability in Utility Theory", 1950, Economica.
  • "Probability and the Attempts to Measure Utility", 1950, Economic Review.
  • "Evaluation of Real National Income", 1950, Oxford Economic Papers.
  • "Abstract of a Theorem Concerning Substitutability in Open Leontief Models", 1951, in Koopmans, editor, Activity Analysis of Production and Allocation.
  • "Economic Theory and Mathematics: An appraisal", 1952, American Economic Review.
  • "Spatial Price Equilibrium and Linear Programming", 1952, American Economic Review.
  • "Prices of Factors and Goods in General Equilibrium", 1953, Review of Economic Studies.
  • "Consumption Theorems in Terms of Overcompensation Rather than Indifference Comparisons", 1953, Economica.
  • "Balanced Growth under Constant Returns to Scale", with R.M. Solow, 1953, Econometrica.
  • "Utility, Preference and Probability", 1953, Econometrie.
  • "The Pure Theory of Public Expenditure", 1954, Review of Economics and Statistics.
  • "Diagrammatic Exposition of a Theory of Public Expenditure", 1954, Review of Economics and Statistics.
  • "Social Indifference Curves", 1956, Quarterly Journal of Economics.
  • "A Complete Capital Model Involving Heterogeneous Capital Goods", with R.M. Solow, 1956, Quarterly Journal of Economics.
  • "Wages and Interest: A modern dissection of Marxian economic models", 1957, American Economic Review.
  • "An Exact Consumption-Loan Model of Interest with or without the Contrivance of Money", 1958, Journal of Political Economy.
  • Linear Programming and Economic Analysis with R.Dorfman and R.M. Solow, 1958.
  • "Aspects of Public Expenditure Theory", 1958, Review of Economics and Statistics.
  • "Reply to Lerner", 1959, Journal of Political Economy.
  • "Analytical Aspects of Anti-Inflation Policy", with R.M. Solow, 1960.
  • "Efficient Programs of Capital Accumulation in Terms of the Calculus of Variations", 1960, in Arrow, Karlin and Suppes, editors, Mathematical Models in Social Science.
  • "Parable and Realism in Capital Theory: The surrogate production function", 1962, Review of Economic Studies.
  • "Proof that Properly Anticipated Prices Fluctuate Randomly", 1965, Industrial Management Review.
  • "Rational Theory of Warrant Pricing", 1965, Industrial Management Review.
  • "A Theory of Induced Innovation along Kennedy-Weizsacker Lines", 1965, Review of Economics and Statistics.
  • "Using Full Duality to Show that Simultaneously Additive Direct and Indirect Utilities Implies Unitary Price Elasticity of Demand", 1965, Econometrica.
  • "A Catenary Turnpike Theorem Involving Consumption and the Golden Rule", 1965, American Economic Review.
  • "Economic Forecasting and Science", 1965, Michigan Quarterly Review (extracts)
  • "The Non-Switching Theorem is False, with D.Levhari, 1966, Quarterly Journal of Economics.
  • "A Summing Up", 1966, Quarterly Journal of Economics.
  • "The Pasinetti Paradox in Neoclassical and More General Models", with F. Modigliani, 1966, Review of Economic Studies.
  • "General Proof that Diversification Pays", 1967, Journal of Finance and Quantitative Analysis.
  • "What Classical and Neoclassical Monetary Theory Really Was", 1968, Canadian Journal of Economics.
  • "Lifetime Portfolio Selection by Dynamic Stochastic Programming", 1969, Review of Economics and Statistics.
  • "The Fundamental Approximation Theorem of Portfolio Analysis in Terms of Means, Variances and Higher Moments", 1970, Review of Economic Studies.
  • "Understanding the Marxian Notion of Exploitation: A summary of the so-called transformation problem between Marxian values and competitive prices", 1971, Journal of Economic Literature.
  • "Unification Theorem for the Two Basic Dualities of Homothetic Demand Theory", 1972, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
  • "Maximum Principles in Analytical Economics", 1972, American Economic Review.
  • "Marx as a Mathematical economist", 1974, in Horwich and Samuelson, editors, Trade, Stability and Macroeconomics.
  • "Complementarity: An essay on the 40th Anniversary of the Hicks-Allen Revolution in Demand Theory", 1974, Journal of Economic Literature.
  • "The Canonical Classical Model of Political Economy", 1978, Journal of Economic Literature.
  • Collected Scientific Papers, five volumes,1966-86, edited by J.Stiglitz.
  • "Our Wassily: W.W. Leontief (1905-1999)"
Paul A. Samuelson, 2001. "A Ricardo-Sraffa Paradigm Comparing Gains from Trade in Inputs and Finished Goods," Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 39 (4) pp. 1204-1214.

Paul A. Samuelson, 1998. "How Foundations Came to Be," Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 36 (3) pp. 1375-1386.

Paul A. Samuelson, 1998. "Summing up on business cycles: opening address," Conference Series ; [Proceedings], (Jun) pp. 33-36.

Публикации на портале:
Книги Статьи
Домашняя страница http://homepage.newschool.edu/het/profiles/samuelson.htm
Телефон (617) 253-3361
Факс (617) 253-1330
Адрес Department of Economics
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
50 Memorial Drive
Cambridge, MA 02142

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Дополнительная информация:
Нобелевский лауреат по экономике 1970 года: за вклад в научную работу в области развития статической и динамической экономической теории и повышение уровня анализа в экономической науке