Maddison Angus (Меддисон, Ангус)
|Место работы||University of Groningen (University of Groningen ) / Emeritus Professor of Economic Sociology at the Faculty of Economics|
Economic history, long-term economic growth in comparative and historical perspective, historical statistics, world economic development over the past two millennia
Публикации на портале:
- Contours of the World Economy 1-2030 AD: Essays in Macro-Economic History Авт. Maddison Angus. Oxford University Press, 2007.
- Growth and Interaction in the World Economy: The Roots of Modernity Авт. Maddison Angus. AEI Press, 2005.
- The World Economy: A Millennial Perspective Авт. Maddison Angus. OECD, 2001.
- The World Economy: Historical Statistics Авт. Maddison Angus. OECD, 2003.
Born in 1926 in Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, Angus Maddison is Emeritus Professor at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands and Honorary Fellow of Selwyn College, Cambridge. He was educated at Cambridge, McGill, and Johns Hopkins universities. Angus Maddison (Newcastle-on-Tyne, United Kingdom, 1926) started as a lecturer in Economic History at St Andrews University in Scotland. From 1953-1979 he held various positions at the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in Paris (until 1961 the Organization for European Economic Co-operation). In 1969-1971 he worked at the Harvard University Centre for International Affairs. Maddison also held the position of policy advisor for various institutions, including the governments of Ghana and Pakistan. In addition, he visited many other countries and often directly advised the government leaders of countries such as Brazil, Guinea, Mongolia, the USSR and Japan. This enabled him to gain a unique insight into the factors that determine growth and welfare.
In 1978 Maddison was appointed Professor at the University of Groningen. Maddison was a pioneer in the field of the construction of national accounts, where a country’s accounts are calculated back in periods of several decades all the way to the year 0. To this end he combined modern research techniques with his own extensive knowledge of economic history and in particular countries’ performances in the field of GDP per capita. His work resulted in a deep new understanding of the reasons why some countries have become rich whereas others have remained poor (or have succumbed to poverty). In this vital field, Maddison is regarded as the world’s most prominent scholar.
During the past two decades, Maddison has mainly focussed on the construction of data and analysis further back in time. He has, for example, published an authoritative study on economic growth in China over the past twenty centuries. This study has strongly boosted the historical debate about the strengths and weaknesses of China and Europe as two of the world’s leading economic forces. Furthermore, his estimates regarding the per capita income in the Roman Empire are regarded by many as a breakthrough in economic historiography.
He is the joint founder and intellectual leader of the Groningen Growth and Development Centre, a research group that focuses on long-term economic growth. The databases maintained by Maddison and his current or former colleagues, which now include virtually every country in the world, form one of the most important sources for the analysis of long-term economic growth and are used throughout the world by academics and policy analysts.
He currently lives in Thourotte (France), but still has strong connections with the University of Groningen.