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On Interindustry Differences in Absolute Productivity

Опубликовано на портале: 20-07-2004
Journal of Political Economy. 1984.  Vol. 92. No. 6. P. 1017-1034. 
In the literature, comparisons between absolute levels of productivity in different industries occur frequently. This paper explores the meaning and possible significance of such measures. Prices must be used to permit the required comparison of the outputs of different industries. It is shown that base-year weights produce a valid measure of productivity growth but not of absolute productivity level. Current price weights do yield a valid index of absolute productivity but one that tends to be equal for all industries because of the general equilibrium mechanism that reallocates resources from low-productivity to high-productivity industries.

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