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Уровень жизни населения шахтерских городов и поселков угольных регионов России

русская версия

Опубликовано на портале: 02-12-2006
Standard of Living in Miners' Towns and Settlements in the Coal-mining Areas of Russia (by Marina Krafiilnikova). The article analyses findings of a survey conducted in 1999 in the framework of the programme 'Monitoring of Social Consequences of Restructuring Russia's Coal Mining'. Data of this survey enable a profound analysis of the living standard of the population in coal-mining areas of Russia (the survey was conducted in six areas: the Tula, Rostov, Perm, and Kemerovo regions, the Primorye Territory, and Vorkuta), in comparison both among them and with Russia's average indicators. The study has demonstrated that the standard of residents' living in coal-mining areas is characterised by a low level of economic conditions, wide-spread feeling of own poverty among the population, which is based on really low money incomes and modest provision with property. The situation of residents in the coal-mining areas is slightly different from the conditions of inhabitants of other areas of Russia, except the Perm Region where it is to some extent worse. A peculiar situation has been formed in Vorkuta where the objective indicators of living standard are more favourable, but the subjective demands are higher, and the level of content with life among respondents is similar to the nation's average.
The study has demonstrated that, as a rule, the existing standard of living and the level of demand among employees of coal-mining companies are higher than the average for the population of the same areas. The level of actual living and that of demand, despite a decline after coal-miners have been sacked because their mines were closed, still remain higher than the average indicator for a given region.
The main 'buffer' against the process of pauperisation among residents of miners' towns and settlements in all the areas surveyed (except Vorkuta) is the extremely wide spread of personal auxiliary farms (PAF). However, the development of PAFs cannot stop the continuous deterioration in the economic conditions of the population since in the overwhelming majority of cases they do not become commodity exchange economies. The popularity of PAFs enables to avoid starvation, but nutrition at the same time loses equilibrium.
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