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Flexible working hours, family responsibilities, and female self-employment: Gender differences in self-employment selection

Опубликовано на портале: 15-12-2002
American Journal of Economics and Sociology. 1999.  Vol. 58. No. 1. P. 71-83. 
Тематический раздел:
Using cross-sectional data from the Contingent Work Survey of the February 1995 Current Population Survey, direct evidence is presented that there are substantial gender differences in the reasons why individuals become self-employed. In particular, women - especially women with young children - are more likely than men to cite flexibility of schedule and family-related reasons for becoming self-employed. Men's reasons for becoming self-employed show little association with their parental status. Findings suggest that employers should be encouraged to offer working conditions that are friendly to workers whose family obligations conflict with traditional, 40-hour-per-week jobs.