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Cross-Country Determinants of Capital Structure Choice: A Survey of European Firms

Опубликовано на портале: 21-06-2006
Financial Management. 2004.  Vol. 33. No. 4. P. 103-132. 
We survey managers in 16 European countries on the determinants of capital structure. Financial flexibility and earnings per share dilution are primary concerns of managers in issuing debt and common stock, respectively. Managers also value hedging considerations and use "windows of opportunity" when raising capital. We find that although a country's legal environment is an important determinant of debt policy, it plays a minimal role in common stock policy. We find that firms' financing policies are influenced by both their institutional environment and their international operations. Firms determine their optimal capital structures by trading off costs and benefits of financing.
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