A Review and Integration of Classification Systems Relevant to Teams in Organizations
Опубликовано на портале: 26-09-2003
Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice.
Although the determinants of team effectiveness differ across team types, no taxonomy
of teams has been widely accepted by researchers or practitioners. This article reviews
classification schemes advanced in the psychology and management literatures, and
offers an integrative taxonomy consisting of 14 team types classified on 7 underlying
contextual dimensions (i.e., fundamental work cycle, physical ability requirements,
temporal duration, task structure, active resistance, hardware dependence, and health
risk). The 14 team types are divided into two clustersintellectual work teams (executive,
command, negotiation, commission, design, and advisory) and physical work teams (service,
production, performance, medical, response, military, transportation, and sports).
The discussion addresses the taxonomy's relation to existing classifications, and
its role in furthering an understanding of team effectiveness.