Product innovation is increasingly valued as a key component of the sustainable success
of a business's operations. As a result, there has been a noticeable increase in
the number of studies directed at explicating the drivers of new product success.
To help managers and researchers synthesize this growing body of evidence, the authors
conduct a meta-analysis of the new product performance literature. Of the 24 predictors
of new product performance investigated, product advantage, market potential, meeting
customer needs, predevelopment task proficiencies, and dedicated resources, on average,
have the most significant impact on new product performance. The authors also find
that the predictor-performance relationships can vary by measurement factor (e.g.,
the use of multi-item scales, subjective versus objective measures of performance,
senior versus project management reporting, time elapsed since product introduction)
or contextual factor (e.g., services versus goods, Asian versus North American markets,
competition in high-technology versus low-technology markets). They discuss the implications
of these findings and offer directions for further research.