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Why Do Governments Operate Schools?

Опубликовано на портале: 14-11-2003
Around the world, education is overwhelmingly publicly provided. This paper argues that democratic societies will prefer that education be publicly provided, rather than simply publicly financed, since under a voucher system, parents may send their children to schools teaching ideologies that are similar to their own. Over a series of generations, this leads to a more ideologically polarized society. There may be two steady states: one in which an ideologically homogeneous society votes for a public education system, thus maintaining ideological homogeneity, and another in which a more ideologically diverse society votes for school choice, thus maintaining ideological diversity. A quick survey of the empirical evidence suggests that school choice contributes to ideological and cultural segregation, but that the extent to which this creates costly conflict varies among societies.

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