Trade, Finance, Specialization, and Synchronization
Опубликовано на портале: 22-12-2003
IMF Working Paper Series. 2003. No. 03/81 .Организация: International Monetary Fund (International Monetary Fund)
(i) Simultaneity is important, as both trade and financial openness have a direct and an indirect effect on cycle synchronization.
(ii) A variety of alternative measures of financial integration suggest that regions with strong financial links are significantly more synchronized, though they are also more specialized.
(iii) Specialization patterns have a sizable effect on business cycles, beyond their reflection of intra-industry trade, and of openness to goods and assets trade.
(iv) The estimated role of trade is in line with existing models once intra-industry trade is controlled for.
The results relate to a recent strand of international business cycle models with incomplete markets and transport costs, and, on the empirical side, point to an important omission in the usual criteria defining an optimal currency area, namely specialization patterns.
внутриотраслевая торговля международная торговля международное движение факторов производства экономический цикл
Export Profiles of Small Landlocked Countries: A Case Study Focusing on their Implications for Lesotho
World Bank Policy Research Working Papers. 2003. No. 3085.