The aim of the paper is to see whether individuals' attitudes towards globalization
are consistent with the predictions of Heckscher-Ohlin theory. The theory predicts
that the impact of being skilled or unskilled on attitudes towards trade and immigration
should depend on a country's skill endowments, with the skilled being less anti-trade
and anti-immigration in more skill-abundant countries (here taken to be richer countries)
than in more unskilled-labour-abundant countries (here taken to be poorer countries).
These predictions are confirmed, using survey data for 24 countries. Being high-skilled
is associated with more pro-globalization attitudes in rich countries; while in some
of the very poorest countries in the sample being high-skilled has a negative (if
statistically insignificant) impact on pro-globalization sentiment. More generally,
an interaction term between skills and GDP per capita has a negative impact in regressions
explaining anti-globalization sentiment. Furthermore, individuals view protectionism
and anti-immigrant policies as complements rather than as substitutes, which is what
simple Heckscher-Ohlin theory predicts.