Empowerment is seen by some as an essential part of TQM and project management because
it can lead to both increased productivity and employee satisfaction. It is also
referred to as participative management, high involvement management and/or employee
involvement, and since there may be as much written about the negatives of worker
empowerment as there are the positives, the list that follows covers both. Whatever
its advantages, it is clear that empowerment does not work for all organizations,
and is one of the most difficult aspects of continual improvement to implement.