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The Law and Economics of Creativity in the Workplace

Опубликовано на портале: 07-10-2003
Harvard Law School, Discussion Paper. 2002.  No. 356.
В статье исследуются проблемы организации творческого настроя на рабочем месте, представлен общий анализ существующих распределительных правил, их эволюции и предлагаются некоторые рекомендации для изменения этих правил в случае необходимости. Также в статье обсуждается миф об "умирающем артисте" и "герое изобретателе" и их вкладе в производство творческих продуктов. Автор утверждает, что отличительные качества творческих работников и род их занятости не оправдывают передачу им прав собственности на созданный продукт.

Technological and legal developments led to the rise of employed creativity in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. The new class of employers claimed the rights in the creative products produced by artists and inventors employed by it and after a short struggle its demands were satisfied: by and large the law acknowledges the rights of employers in creative products produced by workers (employees and contractors), just as it acknowledges the rights of employers in any other products. This legal victory, although took place almost a century ago, is still fiercely debated among scholars and participants in creative industries. In the past century, thousands of disputes between employers and workers over rights in creative products were brought before the courts and inspired voluminous commentary on the topic. Nonetheless, the study of the nature and structure of the law that allocates the rights between employers and workers has generally been neglected. This paper studies the organization of creativity at the workplace, presents a general framework for understanding the present allocation rules, evaluates these rules, and offers simple guidelines for designing better rules, when needed.

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представлена в сборнике Harvard Law School Discussion Papers. Полный текст представлен на странице, посвященной этой статье, в формате pdf:
http://www.law.harvard.edu/programs/olin_center/
http://www.law.harvard.edu/programs/olin_center/papers.htm#2002
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