"Materialism and subjectivism in sociology" (by Mikhail Rutkevich) is devoted to acute methodological
issues of the contemporary sociological theory. The author, firmly adhering to the position of the
materialist stream in the sociology, criticizes the attempts to re-animate neo-Kantian juxtaposition - in
terms of their epistemology - of the social sciences to the natural ones. Another subject of M. Rutkevich's
criticism is an often practiced substitution of the real process by their subjective perception, so typical for
the early XX century. The last thesis is illustrated by the examples of 'the relativist theory of the nation'.