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The Emergence of Generalized Exchange

Опубликовано на портале: 29-05-2004
American Journal of Sociology. 2000.  Vol. 105. No. 4. P. 1105-1134. 
The existence of generalized exchange characterized by unilateral resource giving has been a puzzle when we assume rational actors, because free riding can occur. This article first identifies pure-generalized exchange in which each actor gives resources to the recipient(s) of his choice. Then, it proposes the fairness-based selective-giving strategy. An actor adopting this strategy selects a recipient whose behaviors satisfy her criterion of fairness, provided perfect information is given. The results of evolutionary simulation show that pure-generalized exchange can emerge among egoists without collective norms, even in societies in which individuals have information only about their immediate neighbors.
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См. также:
Евгения Сергеевна Балабанова
Мир России. 2001.  Т. 10. № 3. С. 67-77. 
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