China’s agricultural trade expanded rapidly following economic reforms and
policy adopted in the late 1970s. The composition of agricultural trade with China
its labor-abundant and land-scarce resource endowment with imports of bulk and processed
intermediates and exports of consumer-ready and processed goods. Constraints on U.
China agricultural trade include tariffs, state trading, food security policies,
nontariff barriers. Growth potential is based on China’s fundamental demand
the world’s largest population, a high real-income growth rate, an emerging
middle class, and furthertrade reforms to be implemented through accession to the