U.S. Contingent Protection against Honey Imports: Development Aspects and the Doha Round
Опубликовано на портале: 16-12-2003
World Bank Policy Research Working Papers. 2003. No. 3088.
In addition to looking into the trade effects of these contingent protection measures, Nogués concludes that under the regulatory arrangements of the DOC, Argentina’s beekeepers never had a chance of defending themselves. For example, responding to the DOC’s lengthy and sophisticated questionnaires that sought to determine cost of production went beyond the capacities of poor beekeepers. In the absence of information, the DOC resorted to evidence presented by the petitioners which was riddled with errors. The available evidence suggests that had beekeepers been capable of responding to the questionnaires, the margin of dumping would had been lower, if at all existent. This and other evidence discussed by Nogués suggest the urgent need to introduce reforms into the World Trade Organization antidumping and subsidy agreements. At the minimum what is required is a consensus that all respondents be given the same opportunity by the international trade rules. The author argues that at present this is not the case and offers suggestions for reforms.
NBER Working Paper Series. 2001. w8515.
Human Resource Management & Labour Law in China (Управление человеческими ресурсами и трудовое право в Китае)
IMF Working Paper Series. 2003. No. 03/54 .