Rethinking Stratification from a Feminist Perspective: Gender, Race, and Class in
Опубликовано на портале: 23-12-2002
American Sociological Review.
Economic stratification and social class occupy a central position in sociological
discourse as the core organizing features of modern societies. Yet such economically
centered models of stratification often disregard factors like physical violence
and the intra-household distribution of resources that shape power and autonomy for
all group. Using a sample of textbooks from 1983 through 1988, we examine "mainstream"
sociology, that is, the sociology that teachers, students, and textbook publishers
have treated as nonproblematic. We show how stratification analysis is applied to
class, race, and gender in profoundly unequal ways. Rather than integrating macro,
meso, and micro levels of social structure as interactive and mutually determinative
in their discussions of race, class, and gender, introductory sociology textbooks
segregate stratification processes. They discuss class at the societal (or macro)
level of analysis, gender at the individual (or micro) level, and race at a group
(or meso) level. We analyze the quantitative and qualitative elements of the coverage
of class, race, and gender in indexes, texts, pictures, and captions, and suggest
that attention to feminist theories of gender would produce a more integrated, multilevel,
and interactive view of stratification.