Regional Integration and Technology Diffusion: The Case of the North America Free Trade Agreement
Опубликовано на портале: 16-12-2003
World Bank Policy Research Working Papers. 2003. No. 3132.
So far there has been no empirical analysis of the dynamic effects of RIAs based on their impact on technology diffusion from partner and nonpartner countries. Schiff and Wang's paper is a first attempt in this direction. The authors examine the impact of the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) on total factor productivity in Mexico through its impact on trade-related technology transfers from OECD countries. They estimate trade-related technology diffusion by using a measure of trade-related foreign research and development (R&D). Foreign R&D is constructed based on industry-specific R&D in the OECD, OECD-Mexico trade patterns, and input-output relations in Mexico.
The authors find that: (i) Mexico’s trade with its NAFTA partners had a large and significant impact on Mexico’s total factor productivity, while trade with the rest of the OECD did not. (ii) Simulating the impact of NAFTA has led to a permanent increase in total factor productivity in Mexico’s manufacturing sector of between 5.5 percent and 7.5 percent and to some convergence with the economies of Canada and the United States.
международная торговля региональная интеграция совокупная производительность факторов производства экономическая интеграция
NBER Working Paper Series. 2000. No. 7777.
IMF Working Paper Series. 2002. No. 02/200 .