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Oil-processings industry

Опубликовано на портале: 27-06-2004
Отраслевой обзор, ЗАО "РосБизнесКонсалтинг". 2003. 
The basis of welfare and prosperity of Russia, its position in the world and geopolitical opportunities are mainly determined by its natural resources, their production and primary processing. The most important of these resources is oil. The Russian oil-processing industry is a part of the oil industry of the country.
After the collapse of the USSR, Russia inherited rather outdated facilities. Out of 48 refineries with over 500 million tons per year in total production capacity, which had operated in the country, the most modern ones found themselves beyond Russia, in Lithuania, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan. They are 20 refineries with almost 180 million tons in total production capacity. The rest of the refineries were being streamlined, this process having slowed down during the collapse.
Based on the peculiarities of the fuel and energy balance, the technological structure of the facilities was formed without sufficient development of secondary processes. The volume of processes, which raised the refining rate, was only 19 percent of the amount of primary processing. This share of primary processing meant that the refineries had been working more to meet Europe's demand, than Russia's.
At many refineries in Russia and other CIS countries major equipment was ageing morally and technically by the beginning of 1990s. The wear level reached 80 percent or more. In this period, Europe, as well as the entire world, was transferring to new types of products. An ecologic safety system appeared; production of environmentally safe engine fuels began. These factors determined the development of new technologies by almost all Russian oil companies.
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