Theories of occupational segregation by sex
Опубликовано на портале: 26-10-2004
International Labour Review. 1997. Vol. 136. No. 3.
There are several reasons to be concerned with occupational segregation. It is a major source of labour market rigidity and economic inefficiency. Excluding a majority of workers from a majority of occupations, as at present, is wasteful of human resources, increases labour market inflexibility, and reduces an economy's ability to adjust to change. With the globalization of production and intensified international competition, these factors have assumed greater importance.
Furthermore, occupational segregation by sex is detrimental to women. It has an important negative effect on how men view women and on how women view themselves. This in turn negatively affects women's status and income and, consequently, many social variables such as mortality and morbidity, poverty and income inequality. The persistence of gender stereotypes also has negative effects on education and training and thus causes gender-based inequalities to be perpetuated into future generations.
economic development gender human resource income income inequality poverty status бедность неравенство доходов прибыль человеческий капитал экономическое развитие
Экономические науки. 2010. Т. 62. № 1. С. 70-75.
The Possibility of Social Choice/Nobel Lectures, Economics 1996-2000, World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore
Социологические исследования. 2001. № 8. С. 86-95.
Социологические исследования. 1994. № 10. С. 54-60.
Journal of Political Economy. 1962. P. 9-49.