The author examines the
evaluations of the Autumn-Winter 2004 Ukrainian
events using the data of representative all-Ukrainian
survey carried out in February-March 2005 by the
Institute of Sociology, Ukraine Academy of Sciences.
Mass judgments on the reasons, character,
motive forces and the course of the "orange revolution"
are differentiated according to participation or
non-participation of respondents in the events, their region of living (West, East,
Center, South), ethnocultural
identification (Russians, Ukrainians). The
author believes that civil mobilization that secured
the victory to the "Orange revolution" was not
limited by initiative groups, pro-reformational
parties, non-governmental organizations but has
activated basic features of sociability (social capitals)
of the Ukrainian population, such as trust to
a fellow person, solidarity, mutual help, tolerance,
tact, civility and other characteristics of daily behavior.
But the revolution has marked only the
first though necessary protest stage of shaping new
forms of civil activity in the Ukrainian society.
The power, the Ukrainian political elites face now
the objectives of forming up the strategies and
mechanisms of dialogue with various social
groups and layers, of stating new formats of public
policy. The forthcoming 2006 election campaign,
the author concludes, will be no less dramatic and
difficult for the Ukrainian society than the trial in