The Situation on the Labour Market in the Assessments by
the Population: 1999 (by Irina Perova). The study attempts to
assess current changes and conditions on the labour market from
the positions of a subjective perception of the existing situation,
and view the problem of unemployment from the standpoint of its
As indicators reflecting the situation on the labour market, the
following ones have been examined. First, employed people's expectations
of mass redundancies at their enterprises (organisations).
Second, personal expectations of losing jobs in the near
future because of staff reduction or liquidation of workplaces.
Third, the scale of part-time employment. Fourth, assessments of
prospects for a new job placement. Fifth, work-related attitudes of
the employed and unemployed people under conditions of unemployment.
The findings of surveys have recorded some improvement in
the situation on the labour market by the beginning of 2000. This
is characterised, first, by a reduction in the danger of mass staff
reductions at enterprises and organisations, second, reduction in
personal apprehensions of losing jobs in the near future because of
staff reduction or liquidation of workplaces, and third, an improvement
in assessments of prospects for finding a new job by people
currently employed if they would be fired. At the same time, at
some enterprises the necessity of redundancy is how as before
substituted by preservation of redundant employment due to
part-time work (short working days or weeks). Attitudes of employed
people as regards keeping to the available job are not
changing notwithstanding would-be arrears and incomplete payment
of wages. The willingness of unemployed people stays high
(87 per cent of unemployed respondents) as regards sacrificing
their interests in the matter of earnings and opportunities of
self-realisation against getting any job. All these facts testify to the preservation of the tense atmosphere on the labour market in spite
of the positive alterations that have become visible.