An attempt is presented at the structural analysis of "Eymundar Юбttr" which aims
to reveal some principles of the arrangement of a medieval text and to elicit from
a literary work produced in the late 13th century some information on the Weltanschauung
of the Vikings' time. A model is constructed in which a Scandinavian and an Eastern
konungs are described as being the elements of the binary opposition: "belonging
to one's folk – stranger" and "good - evil". The former pair is in regard to
the latter is in subordinate position because the description of the "stranger" (intercultural
opposition) is performed by employing the formulae characteristic of the description
of the "evil" inside one culture. The position of a Scandinavian konungr is disputed
by two personages. For that reason a supplementary opposition ("traditional" –
"nontraditional") is singled out within the first element of the model.
In the history of development of the text one may conditionally distinguish two versions.
One belongs to the time of the text's existence in the oral form while the other
was formed either when the story was transferred onto the paper or shortly before
that time. When producing the first version the authors were guided by traditional
worldview patterns, and in this case the relations between the Scandinavian and the
non-Scandinavian were predominant. At the final stage of the юбttr formation the
opposition between the konungs that belonged to the distinctive cultures was reduced
to the level of a standard literary stereotype and the first place appertains now
to the opposition between Eymundr who remains faithful to the tradition and Уlafr
who destroys it.