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Россия и Запад: общность или отчуждение?

русская версия

Опубликовано на портале: 27-11-2006
Тематический раздел:
Russia and the West: Congeniality or Alienation? (by Oksana Bocharova and Natalya Kim). The article analyses the transformation of mass sentiments concerning the relationship between Russia and the West in the 1990s. The data of mass surveys and qualitative research are used. The 'West' used to be and still is an important symbolical element of national identity, therefore changes in mass sentiments concerning the West are connected with the continuing process of national identity. In the early 1990s, an attitude toward the 'West' as to an example was widespread. Then, by the mid-li)9()s, it was replaced by a more realistic and pragmatic attitude: the 'West' as a partner. By the late 1990s, anti-Western tendencies consolidated in public opinion and people began to treat Western countries with suspicion or aggression. Such moods are related to a new stage of the process of national identification, for which negative mobilisation is typical. The culmination of such moods was the reaction of Russian public opinion to NATO bombardments in Yugoslavia. Nevertheless, an image of the West and the attitude to it are heterogeneous and contradictory, and cannot be reduced to aggressive and suspicious feelings. Isolationism is hampered by mass experience of tourism and business trips, and integration into the Western culture through consumption and leisure.
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