Russian Regions: Incomes and Employment
Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2010
Мир России. 2000. Т. 9. № 3. С. 161-167.
Regions' distribution according to incomes buying capacity in 1998 was worse than in 1995 - the most unfavourable year before. In 7 regions nominal money income became lower than living wage. Moscow and Tumen region, relatively prosperous regions, broke even further away from the rest of the others. 1998 crisis increased the share of poor with incomes below living wage, especially in poorly developed and depressive regions.
Consideration of natural incomes (so called "disposable resources") besides money income makes poverty level in some regions significantly lower. Average disposable resources of the rural population per capita make only 68 % from urban level. The number of unemployed increased as a result of financial crisis. The notable changes are: a) registered unemployment level in depressive regions continued downsizing; b) unemp-loyment was slightly reduced in the regions with younger population, which face the problems of placing youth for a job; c) unemployment grew in the northern and especially eastern regions of the country that had had lower unemployment indexes than country average; d) short-term unemployment growth became a new phenomenon for the two capitals (Moscow and St. Petersburg) , that had been the most secure, and the largest cities.
Мониторинг общественного мнения: экономические и социальные перемены. 2006. № 4(80). С. 131-141.
Экономический журнал ВШЭ. 1999. Т. 3. № 2. С. 226-237.