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Заработная плата в промышленности

русская версия

Опубликовано на портале: 23-11-2006
Wages in Industry (by Irina Perova). The article attempts to evaluate the changes that occurred in labor payment sphere since 1997 basing on the data of seven surveys (the surveys were carried out with the help of two questionnaires: one for managers and the other for workers) conducted by VCIOM in 1997-2000 at industrial enterprises.
For a number of years payment of labor in industry was characterized by low level and delaying its delivery. Recently the situation started changing for the better. At present the issue of delaying payment delivery is much less urgent. So far as the level of labor payment is concerned the situation is changing very slowly. Late in 2000 low wages of workers, according to evaluations of the majority of top managers of industrial enterprises (87%), were still an acute issue. Calculations made on the basis of the workers survey findings allowed to draw a conclusion that in 2000 the real wages increased approximately for 20% of industrial workers.
In 2000 average wages in industry made up 72% of the subjective estimation of minimal living standard and were more than 2 times lower than the income, which would afford, in respondents opinions, to lead a normal life. These proportions differ considerably depending on the occupational and positional status of laborers.
Thus, nowadays the reproductional function of wages is realized at extremely low level.
What wages, in their own opinion, do the workers deserve for their work? According to 2000 surveys data, the workers, in their opinion, deserve the wages on the average 2,2 times higher than they are paid. The "desired" wages approximately correspond to the workers ideas of the income (per 1 person) that allows to live normally, and is about 2 times higher than the income providing the subjective minimal living standard.
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