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Социальное неравенство в российском обществе: мнения и оценки

русская версия

Опубликовано на портале: 02-12-2006
Social Inequality in Russian Society: opinions and assessments (by Ludmila Khakhulina). The article presents the findings of two general public surveys conducted in 1992 and 1999 in the framework of the international project "International Social Science Programme" (ISSP) and devoted to the assessments of inequality existing in Russian society by its different groups. The obtained data have demonstrated that the notions of inequality in Russian society noticeably, although not radically, changed during the 1990s.
People have thrown off some illusions that were shared in the early 1990s by, if not a majority, at least one-fourth to one-third of respondents. First of all, these are the ideas of a public benefit from the enhancement of inequality that was widespread in the late 1980s and early 1990s as a response to the universal egalitarianism characteristic of the country's socialist past. Certain radicalism in the manner of looking at the causes of existence of the 'rich' and the 'poor' declined and an understanding has come that this inequality is far from always a result of purposeful actions of the 'authorities' and other social groups. However, now as before, the assessments of legitimacy and fairness of the existing inequality remain low in public opinion, which distinguishes Russia from other countries participating in the survey.
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