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Политическое пространство России полгода до выборов: 1995 и 1999 гг.

русская версия

Опубликовано на портале: 02-12-2006
Тематический раздел:
Russia's Political Realm Six Months Prior to Elections: 1995 and 1999 (by Yuri Levada). A comparison of the political situations before the parliamentary elections in 1995 and 1999 demonstrates that the resources of major contending forces, as well as the capacities of the present political (presidential) model of society, have been exhausted. The reserve of the population's patience has declined, the indicators of demonstrative nostalgia for the pre-perestroika times (prior to 1985) have increased, but the level of consent to the continuation of reforms remains unchanged. In comparison with May 1995, the support for rightwing radicals has sharply decreased and that for the communists has grown (by the summer of 1995, the Communist Party of the Russian Federation had not yet managed to mobilise its groups of support).
Annual socio-political crises of 1996-99 (their series began as back as 1991) have been during all these years the only possible, although very little effective, means of the political system's adaptation to the changing situation. Each crisis entailed changes in the key cast on the political 'Olympus' and a growth of distrust with President B. Yeltsin. The attempt of impeachment failed in the Duma, but a majority of the population continue to believe that the President's resignation is necessary. Yevgeny Primakov, while heading the government, has created a new model of political leader that should be reckoned with from now on. Complicated consequences were entailed by the fomentation of militant 'patriotic' hysteria around NATO's actions on Yugoslavia. In all appearance, the competitive activity in the period of elections (parliamentary in 1999 and presidential in 2000) will develop as a 'scramble for the centre" of the political play-field.
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