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Russia and Human Development Index

русская версия

Опубликовано на портале: 31-12-2010
Мир России. 2000.  Т. 9. № 3. С. 146-152. 
Тематический раздел:
Human Development Index (HDI) is used in UNO reports since 1990. The index is calculated as weighted average of life length, education level and wealth. The index enables researchers to rank the countries through comparison of the real situation with the best and the worst achievements. In 1960-1990 HDI raised in both developed and developing countries, and the difference between them became slightly smaller in that period. At the beginning of 1990-s HDI decreased to a certain extent in Russia, CIS countries and some East European countries. In 1997 Russia was ranked 38th in the world The paper discusses regional differences in HDI in Russia in the first half of 1990-s. In that period regional differentiation increased and the number of regions with high HDI decreased dramatically. The top ten changed as well.
The issues of using HDI in analysis of demographic processes are also shown. HDI is used for forecasting the changes in birth-rate in the process of demographic transition, as there is strong inverse correlation between total birth-rate coefficient and HDI.
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