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Who are you now, the former first secretaries - the first or the last? (on the basis of the materials of interrogation of the former first secretaries of Moscow's raikomov (regional committees of the CPSU)

русская версия

Опубликовано на портале: 02-02-2007
New stage of the Russian history, which began in the autumn 1991 with the victory over GKChP and disorder of the Union, has shown, that haven came to power the Eltsin's team does not create the principally new state system, but reorganizes the old authority. That is why the former power structures and the people involved adapted to new conditions as they could. CPSU didn't exist, but the arranged connection have stayed, and they brought the opportunity to be entered in new life. One way о another, but "old" elite has not left from political stage and has joined actively in the struggle for authority. On the whole one can say, that the rather peaceful and evolutionary character of transition to new social-political system was accompanied by preservation of a significant part of power and privileges by the old elite. It has partially come in structure of a new ruling elite, it has managed to take leading items, having replaced its own external image and rejected an "old stuff of needless slogans and ideas. Some representatives of the former nomenclature, more oriented on real economic wellbeing, then to political lead, have taken the leading positions in new market structures, for instance, as businessmen and bankers.
This article is dedicated to the problem о further destiny of the former first secretaries of the CPSU regional committees Moscow - those, who have appeared as the last first secretaries in history of the CPSU and Soviet state. Have they managed "to be entered" in new life? Have they occupied the first positions again or became "last", thrown out from board of life? Was it necessary to them "to break" themselves, or the adaptation to new realities goes painlessly? How they estimate the changes in society and their own destiny? To find the answers to all these questions it was developed and conducted the profound semistandart interview with the former first secretaries of Moscow CPSU regional committees, who having taken these posts in the last years of the CPSU existence.
The author used the so-called biographic method in the research, because according to the words of Thomas and Zvanetsky 'the complete, as far as possible, personal information about the life is the best type of sociological material. The biographic method, based on study and comparison of a biographic material, is wider applied in sociological science recently. It is connected with the certain changes either in the understanding of sociology and its scientific paradigm, and in public consciousness as a whole. In this research the author took as a subject for observation the certain group of the former party-soviet nomenclature, which can be recognized as sub-elite. So one can see the original internal dynamics of life of the former first secretaries, dissembled logic of their "Life stories", and the social "insertion" of whole this group just through their biographies, their subjective interpretation of the life and career, through their social and political orientations, the attitude to major moments in the history of the country in the last decade.
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