In 1990 Wisconsin began providing vouchers to a small number of low-income students
to attend nonsectarian private schools. Controlling for individual fixed-effects,
I compare the test scores of students selected to attend a participating private
school with those of unsuccessful applicants and other students from the Milwaukee
public schools. I find that students in the Milwaukee Parental Choice Program had
faster math score gains than, but similar reading score gains to, the comparison
groups. The results appear robust to data imputations and sample attrition, although
these deficiencies of the data should be kept in mind when interpreting the results.