"Arts as sociological phenomenon" analyzes contemporary state of sociology of arts
including dominant mainlines, generally accepted approaches (reflecting, or shaping
ones), methods of studying various kinds of "cultural production". The paper discusses
mainly methodological and conceptual aspects of the problem. A key issue involved
is the problem of arts role as a societal mirror. As ever, discussions evolve around
the subject of studying this sphere of sociology, as well as of difficulties encountered
in empirical interpretations of data obtained. Western experiences in synthetic analysis
of the esthetic sphere as a social fact are discussed in conclusion.